Mitt and Money
The Triumph of Angels
Reforming the UN
Brian J. Trautman
Edge of the Abyss
Obama Discovers Inequality
Nicolas J.S. Davies
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2012-The Year of the Front?
The Guardian believes she is “the most dangerous woman in France.” Less than 100 days before the 2012 presidential election on April 22, Marine Le Pen appears to be the best contender the extreme right Front National has ever put forward. A sign of changing times, she is also only the second candidate the party has ever put forward for president in France. In a party like the Front National (FN), where tradition is a core value, there can only be so much change. It is not surprising that it was the daughter of the old chief who was voted president of the party in January 2011. Nor is it surprising that, despite an effort to modernize and moderate aspects of the party, the broad lines of the program remain based on a strong anti-immigrant sentiment and exaggerated nationalism. Right-wing populism, which made Le Pen senior a serious candidate for two decades, remains central to the politics of the party.
In 2012, Le Pen’s success will be decided by her ability to broaden her appeal and reach new voters. Many commentators argue that her party has already become the main workers’ party and that this will deliver the Front’s best results ever. However, like her father and in a manner traditional to the extreme right, Le Pen has openly targeted the middle class and lower-middle class, those she feels are the most highly disillusioned with politics and ready to vote for anyone in order to vent their frustration. It is their degree of dissatisfaction that will be central to the success of the FN this year.
From Fascism to Neo-Racist Populism
To fully understand the impact of the modern FN on French politics, to see the continuity in the family’s struggle, and to weigh its chances in the next election, one need only look at the origins of the party and its development. Created in 1972 by the fascist Ordre Nouveau, its first leader Jean-Marie Le Pen was entrusted to gather the various families of the extreme right under one banner. Humiliation followed humiliation and it took over ten years for the party to register its first breakthroughs in local elections thanks to the support of the moderate right. Without the assistance of the mainstream right and left, it is unlikely the FN would have managed such a rise. During Mitterrand’s 14-year presidency, the right borrowed Le Pen’s rhetoric to scare part of its middle class and rural electorate, while the left, which had by then abandoned any pretense it was waging a class struggle, used the FN as a scarecrow, gathering its voters behind an overblown and hollow anti-racist vote. Meanwhile, the fate of the FN became linked to the Nouvelle droite (French New Right). In the mid-1990s, no longer would Jean-Marie Le Pen and the FN limit themselves to extreme racist rhetoric. Instead, they would rely on neo-racist populism to appeal to a growing audience of discontented who felt let down by mainstream parties and politics.
This shift away from racism was crucial for the long-term success of the Front. Instead of relying on crude biological racism and the hereditary inequality and inferiority of certain groups, Etienne Balibar (as well as Martin Barker) noted that the new neo-racist discourse insisted on the “irreducibility of cultural differences; a racism which, at first sight, does not imply the superiority of certain groups or peoples over others, but ‘only’ the noxiousness of the removal of borders, the incompatibility of ways of life and traditions.” With this, the extreme right began to defuse attacks that it was traditionally racist on two counts: it is not exactly the “Other” who are to blame, but rather its impact on us and our society. We are not racist, we have just been taken advantage of for too long. With neo-racism, the concepts of superiority and inferiority are sworn to have been abandoned. The Other is not lesser than We, They are just innately and irreducibly different, a difference we should respect. The logical conclusion to this? They stay away and let Us be different.
This extreme-right populist rhetoric allowed the party to gain pseudo-democratic legitimacy. No matter how flawed, this alternative has been appealing precisely because it has been the only one. The extreme right does not need to provide any concrete solution; it can offer contradictory and incompatible propositions (anti-communism, ultra-liberalism, anti-capitalism, protectionism, etc.) leaving as its only coherent point its claim to be the “party of the discontented.” For French extreme right expert Erwan Lecoeur, the growing section of the population to which the extreme right appeals suffers from “the inability to give meaning to life and to the world” and “the loss of collective and individual identity” which can be argued to have been caused by a feeling of uselessness in the “post-political” democratic machine. The success of right-wing populism has then been the direct consequence of the death of alternative ideologies.
Through the exclusion of minorities with neo-racist and populist discourse, the Front National was able to create its own people (the “true French”) and to portray itself as the real defender of the people, true democratic sovereign, in contrast to the “establishment” accused of having sold the country off to both immigrants and capital. To seduce part of the population which felt abandoned by the major parties, the French extreme right, therefore, attempted the uneasy mix of pseudo-social and ethno-exclusivist politics, while reassuring its traditional supporters of its old capitalist, corporatist, and racist credentials.
The 2002 Earthquake?
This double play, attempting to appeal to both its traditional electorate and the broader discontented showed its first signs of success during the 1995 presidential elections when Le Pen received 15.3 percent (more than 4.5 million) of the votes. Despite internal dissensions which led many commentators to believe the 1998 split might be the end of the Front National, Le Pen sent a shockwave within the establishment when he reached the second round of the presidential elections in 2002. Yet in light of previous elections, the results of 2002 were not so much of a surprise, and certainly not an earthquake, as advertised in the media. In the extremely favorable circumstances, Le Pen’s progression from 4.5 million votes in 1995 to 4.8 million in 2002 is of consequence, yet probably much less than expected.
Despite the passion triggered by the results of the first round, the second round was a mere formality for right-wing candidate Jacques Chirac, who won with 82 percent of the vote. Le Pen’s score increased only marginally, laying bare the limits of the extreme right during elections. Further lessening the groundbreaking character of the Front National’s result, between 1988 and 2002, Le Pen’s vote in the second round increased by less than half a million votes in an electoral register comprising more than 41 million people in 2002. In fact, trends clearly showed that it was the declining support for mainstream parties that was responsible for the Front National’s “success.” Of little interest to the mainstream media compared to Le Pen’s “victory,” Jacques Chirac had qualified with the approval of only 13.75 percent of those registered to vote. He became the worst-performing first-round candidate to be elected president during the Fifth Republic, and yet the elected president with the highest majority in French history.
When A Le Pen Falls, Another Rises
In the 2007 presidential elections, the memory of 2002 remained vivid in the minds of the French electorate. Mainstream parties were successful in convincing many of those who had strayed to protest voting and abstention to make a vote utile (useful vote) to keep the extreme right at bay. Le Pen received only 10.44 percent of the vote (3.8 million). This was also a direct result of Sarkozy’s populist ethno-exclusivist campaign which made him appear a credible alternative to many who had voted for Le Pen in the past. Many former Le Pen supporters switched sides as they believed Sarkozy represented their chance to finally see their ideas in power.
Today, with Sarkozy’s approval ratings at an all-time low, the extreme right electorate appears to have deserted the copy and moved back to the original. In March 2011, before the Socialist candidate was chosen in very successful primaries, a poll suggested that Marine Le Pen would even lead the first round of the elections with 23 percent. Even taken with the caution that must be afforded electoral polls, her appeal within the most alienated part of the working class should not be downplayed. Clearly, Marine Le Pen is the partial beneficiary of the recent failure of the left to offer the working class a real alternative. It is with this in mind that she has continued the FN’s infiltration of the growing part of the population which feels constantly exploited by the establishment. Shameless, she even compared some mainstream French parties to the collaborators of the Second World War.
In her pursuit of credibility, the new president managed to gain the support of respectable figures, such as former head of secret services Yves Bertrand. While he has so far declined to participate in Le Pen’s campaign, Bertrand has played a part in her legitimization by hoping for “her integration within the [mainstream] French political sphere.” Prominent polemical lawyer Maitre Collard, who claims to have represented the deported children of Izieu during the Klaus Barbie trial, also helped raise Le Pen’s respectability: his position as advisor has lent credibility to a candidate trying to distance herself from the anti-Semitism of her father. This former left-wing supporter also provided a more human face to the neo-racist anti-immigration program of the FN.
Different Name, Same Politics
Yet Le Pen’s mainstreaming and growing appeal within traditional left-leaning classes should not be exaggerated or twisted. While there is a worrying number of voters who have turned towards the extreme right as an alternative, most working class voters remain with the left or increasingly tend toward abstention. Further, while Marine Le Pen wants to be the “candidate of the forgotten and the invisible,” of the “farmers, unemployed, workers,” of all those “betrayed by the left,” much of the discourse within the FN tends to demonstrate that the real target electorate is similar to that traditionally chased by the extreme right. Recently, Marine Le Pen’s strategic director Florian Philippot noted that the middle classes were the most important in the election, and that it is this part of the population that would be targeted, for it was this “traditionally right-wing electorate” who had given Sarkozy his 2007 victory. Le Pen also insisted that the population in the suburbs (predominantly unemployed or working class) was not of interest to the FN, and that instead she would focus on the conveniently undefined “silent majority.” The new rhetoric sympathetic to the pleas of the working class appears to be just that.
It would be a grave mistake to assume that the FN has become just another party and that its campaign to attain legitimacy and credibility is anything more than a façade. Jean-Marie Le Pen’s recent denunciation of Norway’s naivety, which he believed was more concerning than the massacre itself, showed the true face of the party. The new president’s reaction demonstrated the continuation of his extreme right legacy. While many urged Marine Le Pen to sanction her father for his comments to prove her “moderate” and respectable credentials, she announced that she was “not in disagreement” with what he had said. Nor was it surprising that both father and daughter asserted that Anders Breivik was a “madman” rather than an extreme right terrorist. In one of her campaign speeches, Le Pen made it clear that she targeted the Muslim population and that her republican and secularist stance was just a palatable veneer to single out a particular minority. Le Pen stated that with her election “street prayers [...] would come to an end” and no more money would go towards assisting in the building of mosques. Warning a blurry category of “integrists,” she proclaimed that they would be facing for the first time in decades “an extremely determined power.” Whether Le Pen meant the decades since the early 1940s is unclear, but her choice of words is telling.
What Are We To Expect?
Despite the party’s disturbing behavior, Marine Le Pen’s popularity remains as high as ever. A recent Sofres/Le Monde survey found that a record 31 percent of respondents agreed with FN ideas and that only a record low 35 percent entirely rejected them, striking figures compared to those recorded by Jean-Marie Le Pen throughout his career. However, it would be wrong to assume that it was the mere change of leadership that legitimised the Front National in the eyes of many respondents. As previously mentioned, the rise of the FN has coincided with the lack of trust given to the parties in power. The less the electorate trusts them, the more abstention and alternative parties rise.
This high level of distrust in mainstream parties is not likely to benefit the Socialist left for two main reasons. First, recent elections, particularly those of 2002 and 2007, have led to a populist race which has turned inclusionary programs into political suicide. In France, as in many other parliamentary democracies, it has become impossible to treat immigration as anything but a problem during a campaign. Second, the formerly powerful Communist party, its new ally the Front de Gauche, and the Greens party have had their reputation tarnished by their past or present alliances with the Socialists. While this will not necessarily put off an electorate traditionally anchored on the left, it is unlikely to sway the growing number of those who have little political loyalty and an extreme distrust of politicians in general. In fact, in the current setting, barring the irrelevant parliamentary extreme left unable to shake the demons of its past, only the extreme right can proclaim to have its hands clean and to not be responsible for the widespread disillusionment within contemporary French politics.
As it stands, the only conjecture which could prevent the extreme right from achieving a new record in the 2012 elections would be the success of a second vote utile strategy. It is striking to note that Le Monde has already begun its campaign against the FN in an editorial entitled “Unreal Figures and Real Threat,” denouncing the cost of the provisional budget offered by the party. In the 2012 French political landscape, only the powerful memory of 2002 could prove lethal to the hopes of the extreme right. While Marine Le Pen was successful in transforming her party into a more respectable one, her rise could be broken by the revival of the fear of fascism by mainstream parties in the second round of the elections and calling for a “useful vote,” as they did in 2007.
While this could quash the hopes of the extreme right of facing either Nicolas Sarkozy or François Hollande in the second round, the respite would only be brief for democracy. Replacing the fear of the future central to the extreme right program with the fear of the extreme right would only delay the reaction of an increasingly disillusioned and alienated population, a population the left has failed and keeps failing.
Aurelien Mondon is a Melbourne-based researcher and the co-founder of the Melbourne Free University. Photo 1: Jean Marie Le Pen and the Front's immigration policy. Photo 2: Marine Le Pen, candidate for president of France.
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: email@example.com; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; email@example.com; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1101 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20004; 202-756-2268; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nfcb.org/.
BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; email@example.com; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; email@example.com http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; email@example.com; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.socialismconference.org.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; email@example.com; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: email@example.com; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; email@example.com; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; firstname.lastname@example.org.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; email@example.com; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; email@example.com; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.