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THIS IS the sixth anniversary of the
I HAVE always argued that this was essentially a crude war of revenge to hit back immediately after the September 11 attacks--for political leaders to show the American population that “we are busy defending you.” It had no other major purpose to it other than being for revenge--an eye for an eye.
The second aim of this war, as Bush spelled it out, was to capture Osama bin Laden “dead or alive.” Those were his exact words, which we shouldn’t forget. Apart from that, there were no war aims.
There was never any question that they were going to capture the country. For one, the Northern Alliance wasn’t going to resist--nor were the Iranians, who were very strong in
Then there was the Pakistani military regime, without which the Taliban would never have been in power, and which had been backing up the Taliban logistically, militarily and in every other way.
Given that the
They couldn’t find Osama, though there was a two-week period media hysteria about “reaching the Tora Bora caves” and all this kind of propaganda. They dropped all these bombs and what happened? Nothing. They destroyed the caves, but the quarry had escaped.
So what were they going to do now? It’s obvious that bin Laden left the country and went to the tribal zones between
The problem soon became very obvious to the West that its arrangement didn’t really extend beyond
So what were they going to do with this country? The answer is nothing.
I’VE ARGUED that there’s no doubt quite a number of Afghans were relieved to have the Taliban removed--quite a few thought, well, at least now we’ll have some peace and safety, and maybe some food to eat. This was also the view of quite a few liberal commentators inside
Some of us argued with them, saying that the Taliban might have been removed, but what would happen now? We warned them that as far as the social infrastructure was concerned, it wasn’t going to change for the majority of Afghans.
That’s exactly what has happened in these six years. What people underestimate is that imperial occupations under neoliberalism reflect the priorities of the new capitalist order, where they’re privatizing everything in their own countries. So what happened was that money did pour in--and this money was used by Hamid Karzai and his cronies to construct an elite in
In the heart of
It costs about $5,000 or $6,000 to build a cheap house for a family of five or six, but they didn’t do that. They spent millions of dollars constructing large villas. God knows why, since they need a permanent NATO guard to live in one of those villas. And they’ll be taken away from them once the Western armies withdraw.
That created a big crisis, and coupled with it was the fact that a trigger-happy
HOW HAS the Taliban been able to make a resurgence?
THE TALIBAN began to regroup, rearm and fight, and it scored a few successes. What also began to happen simultaneously is that there were people who were happy to see them back--since no one else was defending them.
So they began to treat the Taliban as an umbrella organization and tell them what was going on. Lots of people supposedly working with the U.S.-NATO occupying authorities would go tell the Taliban where the troops were going. Classic guerrilla warfare operations began, and the
If you look at the newspapers over the last year and do a survey of all the reports where there were 60 Taliban were killed, 80 Taliban killed, 90 Taliban killed, you add it up and they’ve already killed thousands of supposed “Taliban” militia members--and the total force was supposed to be about 10,000.
In other words, if you believe these reports, then they’ve wiped out three-quarters of the Taliban organization, which is far from the truth. But because the
You have a situation in the country where Hamid Karzai’s brother, Wali Ahmed Karzai, is well known as the largest heroin and arms smuggler in the region. He’s become that because his brother runs the country.
Here’s this guy who was happy running an Afghan restaurant in Baltimore and selling high-priced food to the students at Johns Hopkins--and he’s now second-in-command in the country and making a fortune--a “killing,” let’s say.
Symbolically, this has been a total disaster. So, far from being a “good war,”
WHAT ARE the regional powers hoping to get as an outcome in
THE PAKISTANI military is hoping that the West will withdraw and some sort of coalition government will be cobbled together between Karzai and chunks of the Taliban.
This is worth stressing. Backed by the West, the Karzai regime, even as we speak, is in serious negotiations with the Taliban. So the Taliban, which was demonized as the worst force that ever existed in the world, is now backed by the West--as long as they do a deal with Karzai.
The Taliban’s first response to Karzai’s offers was to say, “We won’t even discuss this with you unless all foreign troops are withdrawn from the country.” To which Karzai said, “That’s not possible.” He thinks it’s not possible because without foreign troops, he wouldn’t last 48 hours.
But as far as the Pakistani military is concerned, they know that they won’t be able to pull off a deal between the Taliban and Karzai as long as foreign troops are in the region. The military imagines that once Western troops are out, it can grab the country again, through the Taliban and Karzai.
But I think this possibility is excluded now, because NATO made a mess of the occupation, and because in these last six years, regional autonomy has set in as a major factor in the country.
And the Iranians and Russians are not going to permit a U.S.-backed Taliban takeover of the country. So
I’ve been arguing in Pakistan and elsewhere for the total and immediate withdrawal of all major troops and, simultaneously, the convocation of a peace conference by the regional powers involved in Afghanistan--which means Pakistan, Iran, Russia and India, which is the biggest power of all--to set up a national government following Western troop withdrawal and provide a breathing space for this country to rest and hold elections for a constituent assembly in two or three years’ time.
In the meantime, these regional powers will guarantee no fighting and no civil war. People should be sympathetic to such a notion, because
It’s unlikely that the Americans or Pakistanis would agree to this, in which case the situation will go from bad to worse, in my opinion.
So to sum up the situation in