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Britain's War Over Managed Migration An
T he debate over immigration has become a global one. According to the Geneva-based Migrant Watch, over 130 million people live outside the countries in which they were born. All over the world huge streams of migrants are fleeing war, repression, and poverty, journeying from the developing countries of the third world to the industrial countries of the so-called global north. At the same time, the industrial economies have become dependent on the work of migrants, who form a sub-class of people working in jobs with the lowest wages, least security, and most dangerous conditions.
In the United States, immigration proposals from the Bush administration and Congress seem schizophrenic. They seek to end the spontaneous movement of undocumented people, while also channeling migration into programs that would deliver migrants to industry as a contracted workforce.
Throughout the industrialized world, similar proposals have been made for using the huge global flow of migrants as a source of labor, while restricting the ability of migrants to travel freely and decide for themselves where and when to live and work.
In Britain, this new approach is called “managed migration” and it is causing a firestorm of controversy, leading to hunger strikes by asylum seekers, and the growth of the far-right British National Party.
I recently interviewed two of Britain’s leading pro-immigrant organizations, Milena Buyum, coordinator for the National Assembly Against Racism, and Don Flynn, policy coordinator for the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants. Both organizations have offices in London.
(Note: Buyum and Flynn use the terms black person and black people to refer to all non-white people, including immigrants from Asia and Latin America, as well as Africa, in much the same way people in the U.S. use the term people of color.)
BACON: Last year Abbas Amini, an Iranian, sewed his eyes and ears and mouth closed, and went on a hunger strike in which he almost died, to protest his possible deportation from Britain. Since then he’s become a powerful symbol for immigrants who accuse the British immigration system of being riddled with racism. Why has his case attracted so much attention?
Abbas Amini was granted refugee status in Britain because he was involved in political activity in Iran where he was imprisoned and tortured. He fled Iran and arrived in Britain where he claimed asylum. His protest began when the Home Office declared its intention to appeal his status—in essence, to deport him. He couldn’t take it any longer: the uncertainty that goes with the life of an asylum seeker in Britain.
His extreme form of protest symbolized the condition in which people are living, mentally and physically. He was saying he was prepared to die rather than be returned to Iran. I fear many others may follow the same course of action.
But his case also symbolized the drive by the government to reduce the ability of asylum seekers to gain legal status. The prime minister promised on television that he would cut in half the number of asylum applications and that the government would carry out 30,000 removals a year. They are not actually capable of doing this, but they do stage high profile public deportations days before local elections. Abbas Amini was being used as an example.
So the government measures the success of its immigration policy in terms of the reduction of the number of asylum seekers and the number of people it’s able to deport?
BUYUM : Absolutely, and not just here. This is an increasingly common approach to asylum in most of Europe. Governments are no longer concerned about the merits of the individual case, despite what the UN Convention clearly states. The number of asylum seekers reflects the growing world situation—conflict and economic conditions that threaten the livelihood of millions of people. Diseases such as AIDS are attacking whole continents. The talk about halving the numbers totally disregards that reality. The government says that only a tough approach to asylum will stop the rise of far-right extremism, but its approach is not only politically and morally wrong, it doesn’t work. A tough approach on asylum fuels racism, rather than stops it. It doesn’t make people more tolerant. Meanwhile, the mainstream politicians who support this policy legitimize racism. The ultimate aim of the organized racists, such as the British National Party and All White Britain, is removal by force. So how far is the government willing to go?
But while the government is taking this hard line on asylum seekers, isn’t it actually systematizing the importation of immigrants as workers?
FLYNN: Tony Blair has announced that modernized immigration policies in the UK are going to be based on the recruitment of immigrants to work in large numbers—what the government calls a managed process. I think the guest worker approach is very much what the government has in mind, at least for a significant fraction of the migrant labor force. We already have work permit schemes, where an employer registers a vacancy they can’t fill from the local labor market and then brings in someone they’ve identified from abroad. About 150,000 to 170,000 people are admitted on that basis. Now they’re talking about seasonal schemes in labor shortage industries and licensing employers to recruit unskilled or informally skilled workers. Their stay will be time-limited, less than 12 months, and there will be no family reunification rights. Employers will round up workers on the completion of their jobs and send them out of the country.
For 35-odd years, government’s official line was to go as close as possible to zero immigration. In 1997, that changed with the advent of the Labor government who said that immigration could be part of a modernization of the British economy able to compete in highly competitive global labor markets. They said they wanted immigration policies based on the needs of British industry and commerce. This is called managed migration. At the same time, the government is intent on ending all spontaneous migration, that is, people who arrive in the country on their own initiative, hoping to sort things out legally once they’re here. Of course, the biggest groups that have been in that position have been humanitarian migrants, who basically have no choice in the matter, hoping that they will be able to rely on their rights under the 1951 Geneva Convention. The government is intent on ending that system alltogether, to reduce that migration to zero.
In order to make that managed system operate, the state has to have sanctions, to inflict punishment on people who break the rules. A system of punishment will only be supported by public opinion if there is an acceptance that irregular immigrants have done something seriously wrong. Until comparatively recently, nobody thought it was a big deal if somebody’s immigration papers were not entirely in order. But that is changing. The government wants the population to think that it is a significant issue if you haven’t got the right stamps in your passport, if you haven’t been given explicit permission to do one job as opposed to another, if you’ve had access to a public benefit that wasn’t intended, or if a member of your family has managed to join you. The government wants public support for inflicting serious punishment for offenses like these.
That sounds like the U.S. system of employer sanctions, in which people can’t work without legal status.
FLYNN: Sanctions were incorporated into the immigration act passed in 1996, but they’ve never been used. Now employers are being told they have to turn over people who are applying for jobs if they believe that they don’t have permission to work in the country. The government has decided to introduce identity documents so employers can identify who can work and who can’t. It’s very controversial because there’s a strong streak in popular culture that goes back to common law. People are presumed to be within the law unless there is strong reason for believing they’re not. The notion that anybody in authority can stop and interrogate someone and ask him or her to prove they are who they claim to be goes very much against the traditional British approach. The government is expecting a big battle.
Is it controversial because people have a certain feeling of sympathy for immigrants who are the object of this program?
FLYNN: I think that’s changing. One of the government’s objectives is an increased consciousness that there are people with irregular immigration status in the British population and support for getting rid of them. London is a very cosmopolitan city. Something like one person in eight was born in another country and a large number of immigrants have settled in the UK for many years. But the public policy debate has been completely transformed over the last five or six years.
One justification for this new policy in the media is the idea that asylum seekers are coming to Britain for jobs anyway, even though they’re legally not allowed to work.
BUYUM: It is a fallacy that the majority of asylum seekers are economic migrants, that they have no fear of persecution. People like Abbas Amini are clearly fleeing persecution, war, and torture, coming from conflict zones. Obviously, war has economic implications—people lose their livelihoods as a result of it. If there is no infrastructure in your city because it’s been totally destroyed, if there is no health service, what are you to do? We do not disagree with giving work permits to people to enable them to work because we believe that is a political acceptance of the fact that Britain, like any other country in this world, needs people in order to make the economy more buoyant. That acknowledgement is a good argument in favor of positive policies on immigration rather than restrictions. What we are concerned about, however, is who the government means when it talks about migrant workers. Who will be given work permits?
Giving work permits to carefully targeted, skilled individuals, to attract them to jobs in Britain, has obvious advantages for the British economy. But this would not be a very good thing for the economies of the countries from which these people are recruited because they are then lost to their own country. It is true that public services in Britain are crippled because we hire too few people with important skills, such as doctors, nurses, and teachers. But there are people already here whose talents are not used. The government should use that talent before it starts seeking skilled individuals from elsewhere.
Are you also worried that work permits might be used as political rewards for countries that line up with the Blair government on foreign policy questions or that they want to take immigrants from white countries and not countries in the developing world with people who are not white?
BUYUM: British immigration and asylum-policy is riddled with racism. One very obvious example is illegal migration from New Zealand and Australia. There are clearly people illegally working in Britain, flouting the country’s immigration rules, who are not actively pursued. The Home Secretary doesn’t talk of being swamped by Australian young people working in pubs or restaurants. Tabloid newspapers use the phrase “illegal asylum-seekers,” but you cannot break the law by seeking asylum. It’s a right enshrined in international law. But the typical image of an asylum seeker now is someone from Eastern Europe who looks like a Roma or a Gypsy, begging in the streets with a baby in arms, probably a young woman who doesn’t speak English. The stereotype is that they’re here to scrounge off Britain, if they’re not, of course, “Muslim terrorists.”
How many immigrants are there in Britain, and of them, how many people are in some kind of undocumented status?
FLYNN: About 7 percent of the population, or about 5 million people, were born outside of the United Kingdom. UK nationality law is reasonably liberal. To claim British citizenship you only need five years residency and a reasonable competence in English. So the number currently living and working without British citizenship is about one million. In terms of the clandestine element, nobody knows the true size because they’re underground, but perhaps it’s in the region of 300,000 people. With a working population of probably 24 million people, it’s a relatively small fragment, but the government is setting its sights on them.
But the black economy, of which they’re a part, has grown in leaps and bounds over the last few decades. The informal economy is about 14 percent of the total GDP, so it employs a lot of people. They’re paid wages below the minimum, with substandard working conditions and no holidays, and are expected to turn up on short notice to do extra shifts.
Agriculture is very dependent on migrants, as it is in countries all over the world. The construction industry has traditionally depended on Irish nationals who have always been free to come to the UK. But in recent years there has been no significant immigration from Ireland and people from central and Eastern Europe have taken the work. In any industry with antisocial working hours you can expect to find immigrants. The National Health Service is hugely dependent on immigrant workers. Despite reforms to nursing, with increases in wages and prestige, there are still very significant shortages, which can only be met by immigration.
The other big area is education, particularly in London. Most substitutes come from a largely immigrant labor force of qualified teachers who are prepared to accept these flexible conditions—having to travel across London at very short notice to do a week’s work here and a week’s work there.
What are the conditions and wages of workers who are in that section of the British economy?
FLYNN: The most common thing is low wages. Minimum wages in the UK are currently fixed at just over four pounds an hour. In some parts of the country, where housing costs are lower, it’s possible to manage on that. But in London it’s not. London’s housing costs are huge, so sometimes housing is provided by employers in sort of hostel conditions—people crammed together in an unsanitary and dangerous situation. In construction and agriculture, it’s often provided on-site where discipline is imposed by people known as “gang masters” who are responsible for recruitment, enforcement, and settling disputes. They often do that in a pretty brutal way.
They’ve created a completely casual labor force where people turn up in the morning and are hired for the day. What people think will be a day’s work can turn out to be three hours. There’s an expectation that they’ll accept that. There’s no opportunity to complain and trade union involvement in that sector is very weak.
been difficult for unions to organize these workers because they
feel that their immigration status is dependent on the approval
of their employers and so there’s often a great reluctance
to commit themselves to a union or to militant activity. But the
trade union movement is looking at ways to highlight the exploitation
in these jobs and appeal to the immigration authorities. It is contrary
to basic concepts of justice if they revoke the immigration permits
of these people who are quite legitimately resisting exploitation.
So that’s part of unions’ political and organizing agenda.
The most senior union officer in the UK is Bill Morris, the general
secretary of the Transport and General Worker’s Union. On the
rights of refugees and asylum seekers, he’s been very effective
in confronting government policy and bringing about important changes.
What have been the political consequences of the contradictions in government policy, discouraging and deporting asylum seekers on the one hand, and setting up a recruitment scheme for immigrant workers as guest workers, on the other?
BUYUM: The government is following a totally disastrous line on asylum, which has contributed to the rise of extremism in British politics, particularly the British National Party, an open neo-Nazi far-right organization. To call them a party is probably an overstatement, although their influence is clearly growing. They gained three seats with the 2002 local council elections. Last year they gained 13 seats. In 12 months, they increased from no seats at all to 16 elected posts. They’ve been on the fringe of British politics until now, but their political approach in recent years has changed, dropping their skinhead look and appearing now much more respectable. It’s not strictly a white working-class underprivileged vote. It is a complex support, depending a great deal on shop-owners and self-employed people. It’s strong in white-flight areas populated by people who left London because it’s becoming more multicultural.
The media spread lies about asylum seekers—that they’re given free mobile phones, newly decorated flats with color TVs, and free food. The three-year-long media frenzy on asylum is ongoing and shows no sign of abating. The Express has no other front page or any other story to run on politics, while the Sun , just before local elections, ran a petition campaign, which raised 400,000 signatures for ending all migration into Britain. Very few speak out against it—worse than the lies are the silence or collusion of mainstream politicians. The Home Secretary spoke of asylum seekers swamping doctor surgeries and schools—this terminology only helps legitimize the far right, the neo-Nazis. The hysteria this whips up has created the climate for many racist murders of asylum seekers.
In reality, asylum seekers only get basic accommodations nobody else wants. A lot are even detained in prison conditions. Social inequality is persisting if not deepening. Children born in Britain of Bangladeshi origin are more likely to suffer infant mortality than in Bangladesh. We have got third world conditions affecting black communities in Britain today. Poverty obviously affects white people too, but the impact on black communities is much greater.
The treatment of black people in the criminal justice system is a huge sore in the face of this country. Black people are more likely to get higher sentences than white people for the same crimes, are more likely to die in police custody, and are 27 times more likely to be stopped and searched. Meanwhile, major high-profile murders of black people still have not been solved. There are only twelve black MPs in Parliament and only two Muslim MPs, although Islam is the second largest religion. I’m not advocating religious representation, but I think communities which are under attack should have the right to representation. I’ve lived in Britain for 11 years, and this is one of the worst periods that I’ve experienced as a black person.
David Bacon is a freelance writer and photographer.
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: email@example.com; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; email@example.com; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1101 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20004; 202-756-2268; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nfcb.org/.
BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; email@example.com; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; email@example.com http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; email@example.com; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.socialismconference.org.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; email@example.com; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: email@example.com; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; email@example.com; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; firstname.lastname@example.org.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; email@example.com; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; email@example.com; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.