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Z Papers on Vision
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Gay & Lesbian Community Notes
Herbert P. Bix
European Union News
Eleanor J. Bader
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B etsy Leondar-Wright is Communications Director for United for a Fair Economy. Her book is Class Matters: Cross Class Alliance Building for Middle Class Activists. Leondar-Wright is based in Massachusetts. Recently she was on a book tour on the west coast. I caught up with her at Black Oaks Books in Berkeley.
CAROLYN CRANE: Often progressives avoid categorizing others by race, class, gender, gender preference, etc. But you do this blatantly in your book. Why do you find it important to break this taboo?
BETSY LEONDAR-WRIGHT: Well, I think that due to the lack of shared language and vocabulary for what’s going on, there are often class dynamics in the room and we can’t talk about them. Of course, it is a very slippery topic and nobody’s going to agree, but we can have some working definitions. When you walk into an activist setting, you pretty much can size up the room by race and by gender. You’re not always right but you’re going to be in the ballpark. So then, if dynamics start happening between people with more and less privilege, you can get to the point, relatively quickly. Which is, of course, just the beginning of the process. But with class, it’s a lot less obvious. The markers are not clear-cut and I think, especially in activist circles where casual clothes are the norm (with college educated activists, in any case), a lot of the superficial markers aren’t the same as in mainstream society.
As you’ve worked with activists on breaking this taboo, what resistance have you encountered towards people being identified as, for instance, a working class African-American lesbian, those very specific distinctions that you make?
I’ve probably done 50 classes and workshops where you break into caucuses by class and, if you put up a definition, or if the group generates definitions for different class caucuses, the first thing that a lot of people want to say is how those definitions don’t work for them. Of course, it’s true that there’s a lot of gray area. I write about four clumps of class experience in our country. There are gray areas between each of them and people who move from one to another during their lifetime. Also, of course, for immigrants, they’re moving from a different class system in their home country that doesn’t exactly line up with the one in the U.S.
What are the four classes you write about?
I’m trying to go on lived and shared experiences that are so formative that they give you some worldviews in common. Of course, there are exceptions to every generalization. Starting at the richest end, I define owning class as anyone who has enough investment income that they don’t have to work for a living. Even if you do work for a living, knowing that you don’t have to is really a formative thing.
Professional, middle-class I define as the cluster of life experiences of going away to college, getting a four year degree or more, having your family be homeowners, and having some other assets and the type of jobs where you have a lot of control over your time and your tasks and, sometimes, other people’s time and tasks—professional managerial work. That cluster is how I identify myself, as professional middle-class. That’s who my family was. That’s who I am. I think we kind of recognize each other as similar, even if we’re different by race, even if we’re different by geography or politics, we still have some things in common. That’s about 30 percent of the population.
the other end, about 5 percent of U.S. families are in chronic poverty
for a generation or more. I think that that really stamps you. Again,
no matter how many other differences you have, if you can’t
get your basic needs met, and you’re kind of outside the primary
labor market for decades or generations, that really is such a unique
perspective to look at this economy from. So now I’ve accounted
for about 40 percent of everyone.
The remaining 60 percent I would say are working class and lower middle-class people. They might have some college, but not to the point of getting a four-year degree. They might own a house, but are probably not able to trade up to the bigger houses that upper middle-class people often have. So that’s the biggest and most diverse group.
You speak about different focuses of activism in your book. What are the differences between class-based tensions when you compare social-justice-oriented activists and environmental-justice-oriented activists?
That’s a good question. I’m not sure I’ve thought about it before. I profiled some environmental justice activists in the book because that seems like this extraordinary place where the class make-up of the environmental movement has changed and that has really strengthened that movement—the old time conservationists, a lot of them were owning class, and then there’s a wave of professional middle-class people getting involved and a newer wave of people of color and low income people. They are the ones being poisoned because facilities are getting cited in their low income neighbors and they have really changed the tenor of the environmental movement. There are some powerful coalitions around the country. Other environmental groups have been like, “Oh, well that’s not really what we’re about,” you know, “Whatever, we’re saving the tree frogs” or something.
I would say the same for the social justice movement. For example, the antiwar movement and the efforts to stop the Iraq war. There are some people who are organizing it with the same base as the Central American anti-intervention movement. So many peace movements have been made up of college educated people; a lot of it’s based in the suburbs. There’s a story in the book about a group that tried to organize a city-wide action against the Iraq war, but only publicized it through email. It got the black community really angry because most of the African Americans in that city were against the war, but they never even got invited to this rally. Similarly, reaching out to the military families, like Labor Against War is doing and Military Families Speak Out. They’re people reaching out to the working class, mostly working class, and poor families of the Iraq soldiers.
What assumptions do middle-class activists make that lead them down the wrong road in building cross-class alliances?
To me there are two broad categories of answers to that. One is overlooking necessity and one is overlooking intelligence. Our assumptions are based on our own life experiences as middle-class people. We were never kept out of a meeting because of the lack of child care or translation or geography so it doesn’t really occur to us. Where you put the location of the meeting is going to make a difference in who comes. Also, the physical accessibility, public transportation, the time of day, all of those things—what Linda Stout calls “the invisible walls” that keep working class people out of coalitions. Then the other thing, of course, is that we all have those class stereotypes; that anybody without a whole lot of book learning is sort of dumb. Those stereotypes run through the mainstream media and culture. If someone’s speaking a different language or using a dialect, it might take you a little while to figure out the savvy that they have, catch on that someone in the room actually has a whole lot more to offer. You may be thinking of them as someone who has to be taught a lot about the issue and needs a lot of leadership development. Then later you may figure out they could teach me a whole lot of things that are very relevant to the community that you’re trying to organize or the cause that you’re trying to work on. That’s especially true with the people directly affected by the problem you’re working on. They have absolutely crucial knowledge. You can’t do it without the knowledge that they have. If you’re trying to work for affordable housing, you have to have the input of the people who can’t afford any of the housing in that area. They’re the ones who are going to be able to say whether a certain solution works or not.
Nearby in Oakland, at the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights, Van Jones, the executive director, is a champion of bringing together the environmental justice movement and the social justice movement. He’s a critic of environmental activists who are oblivious to cross-class problems and challenges. He believes that the success of the larger movement comes from bridging that gap between those two. How do you feel about this?
I think that’s a good example of why you have to talk about class specifically and not just about race. Often the difference between people with more and less privilege obviously is the difference by race because, by and large, white people have more income and assets and education and people of color mostly have less. But, of course, that’s just a correlation. The stereotype would have it that it’s an absolute thing. White people are presumed to have a lot of class privilege. White poor people often feel like they’re invisible. And African Americans, Native Americans, Latinos are often presumed to be poor. So middle-class African Americans, including some of the people I interviewed for the book, complained that people presume they don’t have the education they have. Or that they’re not homeowners. They presume they’re single parents even if they have a two-parent family.
You cannot use race as a stand-in for class. I think that we have somewhat sloppy thinking and we don’t know how to talk about class. I learned so much from the interviews that I did, especially with African Americans, about the class dynamics within the black community. There’s an incredible history of class solidarity. For example, of high income African Americans voting along with poor black people sometimes against their own self-interest. They vote against candidates that would give them a tax cut, for example. I interviewed a number of African Americans who grew up working class and have college degrees, but still strongly identify with and work in working class black communities who were saying, “Who do these black ‘leaders’ think they are speaking for the whole community?” They’re angry at the presumption and the way that the issues that mostly affect the higher income people are used as if they’re everyone’s issues. The issues that primarily affect the lowest income people, like AIDS, for example, being overlooked. It’s the same in every identity group and it’s the weakness of identity politics. It’s important to have solidarity within any identity. But the same thing is happening with the gay movement. It’s the most well off, white gay men who are speaking for the whole community. The issues that mostly affect the lowest income queers tend to get overlooked. Same thing happened with the women’s movement and is still happening. So you need class in the mix. We are never going to have racial justice until we start doing a better job on class differences.
How does your inclusion in the GLBT identity contribute to your understanding of cross-class tensions?
I feel like I’ve watched this whole class dynamic play out in a community that’s very important to me because I’m part of it. My partner and I got married, legally, last year. We’re from Massachusetts and so it was not civil disobedience. We were actually doing it for real. It was very thrilling. So I do think that’s an important queer issue. I went to a black tie dinner of a gay group that I won’t say the name of. My jaw was just dropping because you got the impression that if only gays could get married, all would be well. I think getting legally married is great and it will help erode the prejudice. But it doesn’t make employment discrimination go away. It doesn’t deal with the fact that so many kids when they come out end up homeless. Such a big percent of homeless kids and kids in the foster care system, it’s because they’re gay or perceived to be gay by their families, or transgender, even more so. Legal marriage deals with the healthcare issue if you’re married to an employed person. But if you’re both unemployed it doesn’t help at all. It doesn’t substitute for universal health care, which is what we need. I think that the politics of the GLBT community have gotten distorted by who’s perceived to be the leaders. There are GLBT people at every class level in every race and ethnicity and that should be what the leadership looks like. Instead the media image is all these very well off white gay men. I enjoy “Queer Eye for the Straight Guy,” but you would think that basically what it’s about is access to high priced consumer goods.
You’ve included voices of dozens of activists, scholars, and authors in your book. Looking back now that the book is complete, who among them stand out as your greatest teachers?
That’s tough because it really was a remarkable experience to do those interviews. I learned something from all of them. A couple of people changed my course a little bit. One was Dorian Warren. I did a presentation at a working class studies conference and I made some generalizations, which is always a risky thing to do. Dorian Warren raised his hand and said, “Those generalizations don’t work for African Americans.” He’s a black guy. He’s one of those people that I mentioned before who grew up working class and now has a college degree. He made these incredibly cogent remarks about class solidarity. It’s called “a linked fate,” where African Americans feel that their people are rising and falling together and so it makes people vote with solidarity. It makes people reach out across differences, such as class differences. He doesn’t think it works perfectly. But he thinks it works better than it does for white people. I remember him responding to that question of “Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria?” with: “What’s wrong with the kids from Montana that they don’t know how to have support system to find each other at the strange new East Coast college?” Or: “What’s wrong with the white working class people that they don’t instantly find each other and give each other support? The African-American students are finding themselves in a majority white situation…far from home. They have the consciousness that they better give each other some support to get through that experience.” So I think he really steered me towards asking that question, “How is class different for African Americans?”
Another person influenced me a lot. I had a fairly negative set of initial questions because I was somewhat burned from some coalitions that split along class lines and was feeling kind of hopeless when I started this project. So I wrote questions like, “When have you seen tensions or disagreements between people of different classes within a mixed class coalition?” So I was asking for the negative stories. I was, of course, also going to follow up with, “Well what did you do about it?” I interviewed Gilda Haas, executive director of Strategic Alliances for a Just Economy in Los Angeles. At first I thought maybe it wasn’t going to be a very good interview because she kind of went, “Hmmm, I don’t know.” “Hmmmm, I’m not sure I’m thinking of anything.” At a certain point I shifted what I was asking to “Well, what is your group doing?” She had such a preference for framing things positively. She was able to tell me these striking success stories where, because they tapped into the knowledge of different classes within their community, they won big victories. After that I put into every interview, “Have you had any successes that come out of working together in a mixed class coalition?” I actually took this long story that she told and put it at the beginning of the book, along with a couple of other success stores, because I wanted people who were feeling hopeless and discouraged like I was to open the book and immediately get a shot of hope that we actually can have a lot more clout in trying to make social change if we do a better job.
You admit in the book to your own moments of classism. What can readers do to become more aware of their classists thoughts and words?
I’m not at all preaching like I know the answers. “Oh, I’m the good middle-class person who never makes these mistakes so let me enlighten the rest of you.” I was not taking that attitude. You just have to tell each other the mistakes you make and laugh about it and go, “Oh, I can’t believe the things I said.” That’s a better way to work your way through it. I think cleaning up your language is one subset of classism. There’s the part about how you deal with actual resources and power and money differences. But there’s also how you deal with class attitudes in your language and assumptions. I have on my website an interactive survey question which is, “What’s the most classist comment you ever heard?” When I put that up, a couple hundred stories came in within the first week. It seemed like everybody had a story and I’ve posted some of them on the website. It is chilling how otherwise very progressive people use language like “low life” and “redneck” and “trailer trash.”
A number of people from working class backgrounds wrote about how people say, “Oh, you can’t be working class you’re so articulate.” Or, “I never would have guessed you’re so smart.” That’s a terrible stereotype. A major theme is impugning people’s intelligence. And I think that one’s a major theme in our political system. After the 2004 election, there was a whole torrent of bitterness. All of the people who voted against Bush were appalled at how many people voted for him. A lot of people expressed that in the form of insulting the intelligence of the “so-called” red state voters or the Bush voters. These things just flew around the country like the H.L. Mencken quote, “Some great and glorious day, the common people of the land will have their wish and will vote in a down right moron.”
There was a Daily Mail headline in England asking, “How can 59 million people be so stupid?” that got circulated around liberal and left circles. People were trying to make themselves feel better. But what they were missing is that in the political symbolism in the United States when you call people “dumb” you’re coding them as working class because that’s how the stereotype runs together. You’re condemning entire working class cultures. Now, of course, the people who voted for Bush were disproportionately well off, wealthy people. He did better with those earning above $100,000 a year than with any other income level.
The reason that the Republicans have been able to get people to vote against their economic self-interests, which is mostly true for white working class people, is because they tap into people’s legitimate class grievances and say, “Those coastal liberals, they’re elites and they’re looking down on the regular people like you.” And the thing is, they’re right. There is all this elitism. There is all this looking down on working class people by the coastal liberal subcultures. And that is the most deadly attitude we can have. We need to say, “We may be different from the middle-Americans. We may be different from the white working class people in the red states, but we have some things in common.” None of us thinks that you should be able to work full time and be in poverty. We all agree on that. We all want health care to be more affordable. Our lifestyles may be different. Our attitudes to religion may be different. There certainly is a correlation of disagreeing on some social issues and those we’re not going to be able to unite on.
We have to give up these elitist attitudes. We have to stop using southern accents or working class accents to make fun of people or ourselves when we want to sound stupid. We have to stop making fun of what we think of as “tacky tastes.” The other day I was doing an interview and someone said, “Oh, I guess I blew it making fun of the crocheted toilet paper holder.” Yeah, you did. Because our tastes may be different, but we’re all one country and there’s a lot of admirable people in those other subcultures different from our own.
Carolyn Crane is a radio and print journalist based in northern California. This interview aired on various community radio stations in June.
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: email@example.com; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; email@example.com; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1101 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20004; 202-756-2268; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nfcb.org/.
BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; email@example.com; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; email@example.com http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; email@example.com; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.socialismconference.org.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; email@example.com; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: email@example.com; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; email@example.com; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; firstname.lastname@example.org.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; email@example.com; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; email@example.com; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.