Eyewitness Report from Santiago, Chile
Chile has really woken from its long, anesthetized, 'centre-left' induced slumber. Dozens of university faculties and secondary schools have been on strike now for 3 months, often combined with sit-in occupations.
The market model of education is being actively rejected by virtually all organizations of students, teachers and parents.
On August 4th, the government decreed 'enough was enough' and banned two planned marches in Santiago. The result - chaos, and literally hundreds of tear gas bombs choking the center of the city. Then, that night, the first of weekly 'cacerolazos', protest banging of pots and pans, heard in working class and middle class neighborhoods on a massive scale.
Since then, more massive marches, last week on one of the few wet days of the year. About a hundred thousand marched and also blocked the anarchist minority who usually give the
TV images of violent behavior, which muddy the message. Big marches also in almost all provincial capitals.
On Sunday the 21st, a march to a concert in Santiago's biggest park, close to a million people, and popular artists. August 24th and 25th, the Trade Union Confederation CUT called for a general strike, for labor, social and economic reforms. As usual, the danger of dismissal meant relatively low support in the private sector. This year, there was also a campaign of terror by the government to public sector workers but they supported it by a large majority.
The call for free, quality public education is the key demand of the moment, and in 4 huge marches in Santiago, and again almost all cities, the response was overwhelming. Hundreds of thousands jammed the main street (and not a policeman in sight until well after the crowds had gone).
Far from fading, the movement just continues to grow.
Linked to the demand for an end to the market system of education, other demands are gaining support:
* Re-nationalization of copper (the state Copper
Corporation was never privatized but giving new
deposits to BHP etc. means that 70% of production is
* A thorough tax reform, to change Chile's
incredibly regressive tax regime.
* A plebiscite to decide on free education.
* A constituent assembly, to plan a new
Even many politicians from the Concertación coalition which managed the neo-liberal model for 20 years, are re-discovering some radical principles and supporting the growing tide of discontent.
Last week the government announced its third package of measures to try to stop the protests. Some money has been found, to reduce the interest rate paid on student loans to
2% (from 5.6%), and give scholarships to more poor students. Totally inadequate, say the university, and secondary students' federations.
The pro-market forces show signs of desperation in their statements and actions. The main newspapers, of course, print articles with ever more spurious arguments for the present model.
The President of one of the two government parties has said "we must not give way to a load of useless subversives ..."
An ex-military, pro-fascist mayor of a well-heeled suburb described Camila Vallejo, the popular President of the University of Chile Students as having "a demonized face", and the Teachers' College President as "pollerudo", an insulting term like 'mummy's boy', for a man who allows himself to be led by a woman.
Victory may not come this year but Chile is awake, and all the elements of the 'Chicago Boys' model, imposed with blood and iron, are under attack.