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Guantanamo: A Right to a Fair Trial
Guantanamo's civilian infrastructure is run by a private military firm
G uantanamo, the 45-square mile naval base located on the southeast tip of Cuba, is the oldest U.S. base overseas and is about 400 miles off the coast of Miami. It is divided into two distinct areas by the two and a half mile wide Guantanamo Bay, the Leeward side and the Windward side. Around 3,200 total personnel—750 active duty service members; 1,300 foreign nationals; 800 military, civil service, and contractor family members; 235 civil service and contracted employees; 83 Cuban exiles and their dependents; and 9 Cuban commuters—work on the base. The airstrip is on the Leeward side and is the only conventional method of getting to the base.
The entire civilian infrastructure is run by a private military firm. One can move around the Leeward side fairly freely. However, the freedom of movement ends the moment the Public Affairs staff picks you up for a visit to the Windward side. They are a pleasant, friendly, but firm bunch of people, mostly reservists plucked out of their civilian lives. The ferry crossing to the main base (Windward) takes around 25 minutes. On the surface, the Windward side is like any other U.S. small town, with McDonalds, Kentucky Fried Chicken, and a souvenir shop selling Guantanamo Bay sweatshirts, caps, mugs, bags, etc. This side of the base is divided into various camps.
- Camp America: Composed of 83 sea huts, serves as administrative, medical, and storage spaces. It also includes a gymnasium, big screen cable television room, call center, and Internet room.
- Camp America North: Home to the guard and security forces of Camp Delta.
- Seaside Galley: A canteen serving over 2,000 people per meal.
- Detention Hospital: Located inside Camp Delta, it currently has 20 beds with surgeons, doctors, and nurses on duty.
- Camp Delta: Subdivided into Camps 1, 2, 3, and 4. Camp 1 has around 150 Lower Level “detainees.” Camps 2 and 3 hold up to 340 individuals classified as Level 3 and 4 detainees—in other words, the dangerous ones. Camp 4 houses around 160 inmates classified as the lowest level detainees—those who have the best chance of being released in the coming months. In all, approximately 660 detainees from 42 countries are held at Camp Delta. They are, with a few exceptions, what the U.S. Military calls “enemy combatants,” taken from the so-called “theater of war” in Afghanistan.
- Camp Iguana: Houses “about” three juvenile detainees. They learn English and play scrabble. They can also play football in the garden. The youngest detainee is deemed to be “around” 14 years of age the eldest “about” 16.
detainees in Camps 1 to 3 wear orange uniforms and live in solitary
confinement in 5 square meter cells fitted with a metal bed frame
with foam mattress, a sink, and squat toilet. They are issued so-
called “comfort items” like soap, shampoo, toothbrush,
toothpaste, two towels, one washcloth, a mug, sandals, two blankets,
one sheet, a prayer cap, and a Koran. An arrow at the foot of the
bed points to the direction of Mecca, along with the approximate
distance between the cell and the Muslim holy site. Daily ten-minute
exercise and a quick shower are a must.
Camp 4, which opened this March, differs substantially from the other detention units. The detainees wear white clothes and have “privileges” because of “good behavior” and “cooperation.” They live in dormitory-style rooms with 6 to 12 beds and detached toilets and showers. They also get lockers for storing personal “comfort” items, such as writing material and books. They are allowed to eat together in the yard. They have recreational facilities like football and volleyball and get more time under the shower.
All detainees are served three meals each day, can write letters home, and can talk to a Muslim Chaplin.
One has to go through four heavily fortified iron gates to enter Camp Delta. Once inside the feeling is of being in a vacuum. At first you don’t see the detainees, you hear them. It is the sound of 30 to 40 people chattering away incessantly in Urdu, Arabic, Pashtu, and Dari. Talking to them is not permitted, not even a simple “good afternoon” is allowed. Visitors are warned: one word to the detainees and you are out of Camp Delta. However, there is not much the authorities can do about eye contact. The eyes convey a multitude of emotions—suppressed anger, hate, indignation, shame, helplessness, and futility. This particular group of 15 or so were from Pakistan. I also saw similar groups of Chechens and Saudis.
There are “about” 660 detainees from 42 countries in Camp Delta. From what I was allowed to see and from what other sources have told me, I can account for 158 Saudi Arabians, 55 Chechens, 82 Pakistanis, 80 Afghans, 1 Turk, and 12 Western captives.
Apart from a handful of big names, the majority of prisoners were either forcibly conscripted by the Taliban or are young men from the madrasas of Pakistan, sent to Afghanistan in the name of Jihad. As for the Western detainees they were mostly arrested in Pakistan and sent to Cuba via Kandahar.
Outwardly, the detainees appear to be in good health. However, there have been 32 known suicide attempts between July 2, 2002 and August 22, 2003. Significantly, there were 14 cases of attempted suicide during the first three months of 2003. Given that the inmates seldom come in contact with implements that facilitate suicides, the number is quite high. Captain (Dr.) John Edmondson at the Detention Hospital admitted to me that some of the detainees had been given psychiatric treatment and that tranquilizers and anti- depression drugs were also being administered.
You could see this sign everywhere: “Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay. Honor bound to defend freedom.” I asked two captains if it was not cynical to talk about freedom when “about” 660 detainees were behind barbed wire. One of them was at a loss to answer, the other said that to defend freedom it was necessary to keep “such elements” behind bars. Call it Army propaganda, blame it on certain U.S. television channels, but they believe that each and every detainee is a terrorist out to harm the U.S.
It came as a surprise that quite a few young women worked as guards inside Camp Delta. Although all of the guards I spoke to said they had no problems with the detainees, the doctors gave a different story. They talked of “water,” a euphemism for urine, thrown at the guards and of bite wounds.
What I found astonishing was that the authorities were only concerned with the cooperation of the detainees. If a prisoner had killed a few U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan, but was well behaved, he was entitled to better living conditions. A detainee who had not killed anybody, but would not cooperate when taking a daily shower or exercising, would be worse off.
Brigadier General James E. Payne, the acting commanding officer of “Gitmo,” was full of praise for his young soldiers who sacrificed so much for their country. The reservist general, a real estate broker from Florida, wondered why journalists were only interested in the detainees and not in his young soldiers. Asked what intelligence the prisoners have to offer after almost two years of interrogation, General Payne said that question should be put to his intelligence people. The “intelligence people,” not surprisingly, were not interested in seeing the press.
The fact is the majority of the detainees were in the wrong place at the wrong time and in the hands of one of the many corrupt warlords or, in the case of Pakistan, bounty-hunting police. Towards the end of 2001, thousands of Taliban soldiers surrendered to the warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum in north Afghanistan. Many suffocated in the cargo containers used to transport them to the notorious Shebarghan prison. Those lucky to survive had to live in conditions that one EU envoy compared to Auschwitz. It was from there that the first Guantanamo Bay prisoners were picked. One such was Jan Mohammad, a 35-year-old farmer from Helmand in south Afghanistan. He was forcibly conscripted into the Army by the Taliban and sent to Kundus in north Afghanistan to fight the coalition forces. Realizing that they stood no chance against the U.S., the Taliban commanders surrendered. Jan Mohammad was brought to Shebarghan prison. “One day some Americans came with some of Dostum’s people and began sorting us out. They picked me because I am big and strong. They thought I was a Taliban officer. I pleaded with them, I told them I was no Talib, but to no avail,” Jan recalled. They transported him to Kandahar and from there to Cuba. The journey took over 20 hours and their bodies were shackled so that no movement was possible. A hood covered their heads, with a slit open to breathe.
Life in the wired cages of Camp X-Ray was unbearable. In one of the letters, Jan told his family,” I have now become half an animal. By the time I come home I’ll be a complete animal.” After ten months of solitary confinement he was set free. In his absence, his family had to sell off their land. The only compensation he received was $100 each from President Karzai and then Interior Minister Wardak. About 22 other prisoners taken to Cuba along with Jan are still being held. More than 300 Pakistanis, Afghans, and Arabs are also still languishing in Sheberghan.
A second person, released along with Jan, was 80-year-old Mohammed Saddiq from Saran, a village in southeast Afghanistan. His crime: his nephew had worked for the Taliban. One January evening the U.S. forces bombarded his house, shot down the gate with rockets, and took Saddiq away. All his belongings were confiscated. It took the authorities ten months to decide that this frail old man posed no danger to the U.S. Today, with his house in rubbles, his belongings gone, Saddiq lives with his relatives and is unable to come to terms with what has happened to him.
Equally intriguing is the case of two young taxi drivers from Khost in east Afghanistan. On April 10, 2002, Syed Abassin set out in his taxi with three passengers from Khost in the direction of Kabul. Around noon, Abassin was driving through Gardez when a loud detonation was heard around the U.S. garrison. He was stopped by armed Afghans at a checkpoint and taken to the local police station and accused of being a member of Al Qaida. Half an hour later Abassin’s friend Wazir Mohammad, also carrying passengers to Kabul from Khost, reached Gardez. He spotted his friend’s empty taxi at the checkpoint and wanted to know what had transpired. He was asked if he knew Abassin. The moment he said Abassin was his friend, he was also arrested and accused of being with Al Qaida. Taj Mohammad War- dak, then governor, was informed of the arrests. Without bothering to check the facts, Wardak called the U.S. Special Forces who took the two taxi drivers away. Within days they were on a transport plane to Guantanamo Bay. When the father of Abassin and the brother of Wazir tried to plead with the governor, they were beaten. Later, some town elders managed to convince Wardak that the young men were innocent. Wardak promised to do all in his power to have the taxi drivers released. Nothing happened. Abassin’s father wrote to the U.S. Ambassador in Kabul, but received no reply. A reminder was sent, but to no avail.
After spending almost a year in Guantanamo Bay, Abassin was sent home on March 21, 2003. Abassin’s taxi is gone, untraceable. He has no means of earning his livelihood. In an interview, Abassin accused Wardak of selling him to the U.S. for $5,000. This may or may not be true. But it is widely accepted in Kabul that Wardak, as the governor of Paktia Province and later during a short tenure as the Interior Minister, had misappropriated funds allocated to build schools and roads.
There is ample evidence that rogue warlords like Bacha Khan Zadran—the face of new Afghanistan at the Petersberg Conference and whose hand Chancellor Schröder so warmly shook—have palmed people off to U.S. forces as terrorists in return for dollars. Other warlords, like Haji Zaman Ghamsharik and Hazrat Ali, are known to have divided up the booty after selling hundreds of Taliban foot soldiers to the U.S. Army after the fall of Tora Bora in early 2002. Hazrat Ali is today the military commander of Jalalabad; Haji Zaman had to leave the country after he was implicated in a plot to kill Defense Minister Fahim.
Sadly, there seems to be no end in sight. In June a family in Gardez received the dreaded midnight knock on the door. U.S. forces arrested a family of six for alleged links to Gulbuddin Hekmetyar, who has now thrown in his lot with the Taliban. The arrested were 3 sons, their very old parents, and the 14-year-old boy of the eldest son. They were taken to the U.S. Army base Bagram. After 45 days, the old people, one of the sons, and the boy were released. The two other sons are still in U.S. custody. Nobody knows where. The family, so far, absolves the U.S. of any misconduct. They blame their own countrypeople, who for a variety of reasons (money, tribal animosity, business interests etc.), betray fellow Afghans to the U.S.
Some in the ranks of the U.S. military have identified the problem. Major General Michael Dunlavey, the operational commander Guantanamo Bay until last October, traveled to Afghanistan to complain that too many “Mickey Mouse” detainees were being sent to the already crowded facility in Cuba. He told Bagram dozens of detainees described in classified intelligence reports as farmers, taxi drivers, cobblers, and laborers were just that and were of no intelligence value. To no avail, it appears. The shippings continue because, in words of one of the officers, “No one wants to be the guy who releases the 21st hijacker.”
Note: The three juvenile prisoners mentioned in this article have since been released.
Ashwin Raman is a long-time journalist and is currently with German television. He has produced more than 200 documentaries, including Die Gefangenen von Guantanamo Bay ( The Prisoners of Guanatanamo Bay ).
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; email@example.com; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1101 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20004; 202-756-2268; email@example.com; http://www.nfcb.org/.
BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; email@example.com; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; firstname.lastname@example.org http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.socialismconference.org.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: email@example.com; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; email@example.com.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; email@example.com; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: email@example.com; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.