How Kofi Annan "Won" His Job
In the fall of 2004, as he suffered withering attacks from segments of the American and British media, and the U.S. Congress, Kofi Annan began holding -- or being invited to attend -- discreet meetings with a coven of "foreign policy experts" around New York City (and who knows where else), at least one or more of whom eventually leaked the story to the New York Times.
The purpose of these meetings was "to save Kofi and rescue the U.N.," an anonymous member of the coven told the Times, and to instruct Annan that “lapses in his leadership during the past two years had eclipsed the accomplishments of his first five year-term in office and were threatening to undermine the two years remaining on his final term.”
''The intention was to keep it confidential,'' the Times quoted Richard Holbrooke, at whose
According to the Times, Holbrooke also described the group that met with Annan as people "who care deeply about the U.N. and believe that the U.N. cannot succeed if it is in open dispute and constant friction with its founding nation, its host nation and its largest contributor nation.''
''The U.N., without the
The same evening that the Times's page-one report appeared, Holbrooke was one of four guests on American TV's Charlie Rose Show.
The show's host devoted the bulk of his discussion with Holbrooke to the story in that morning's Times and the circumstances behind it.
"[W]e talked about the fact that the U.N. could not succeed if it was in fundamental opposition to the
Acknowledging some of the pressures brought to bear on Annan's head (for very good analysis of the sources of this pressure within the lunatic American Right, see "The Right's Assault on Kofi Annan," Ian Williams, The Nation, Jan. 10, 2005), Holbrooke went on to explain just how important the U.S.-UN relationship is.
To excerpt a little bit of it here:
What Richard Holbrooke -- these days, a kind of elder statesman of all that remains of liberalism within the establishment political culture in the States, and the presumptive Secretary of State, had John Kerry defeated George Bush for the Presidency in November 2004 -- was saying throughout this January 3 interview on American TV more explicitly than the New York Times was able to convey that same day was that the American Right's attacks on the United Nations are misplaced. They are misplaced because in fact there are all kinds of important
Wake up, Holbrooke was telling his counterparts on the right side of the American political establishment. The various councils and agencies and expertise and personnel -- the UN brand name, above all else -- still command a very pretty premium in international affairs. And no forward-looking American foreign policy expert dare sell it short. Not yet, anyway.
Looking over the Secretary-General's In Larger Freedom: Towards Security, Development and Human Rights for All today, I couldn't help but recall Richard Holbrooke's interventions on behalf of the UN and its embattled Secretary-General in two of the more prestigious fora of the American media last January 3. (At least on behalf of a certain conception of the UN.)
And I also remembered that in To End A War (Modern Library, Rev. Ed., 1999), his memoirs of the time he spent representing the Clinton Administration as its chief negotiator with the warring parties in the former
When [Operation Deliberate Force] was all over and we could assess who had been most helpful, my Washington colleagues usually singled out Kofi Annan at the United Nations, and Willy Claes and General Joulwan at NATO. Annan's gutsy performance in those twenty-four hours was to play a central role in
At this singular moment that Holbrooke characterized as the “most important test of American leadership since the end of the Cold War” (p. 92), what, exactly, had Kofi Annan done on behalf of the Americans to deserve such high praise?
“Fortunately,” as Holbrooke tells it, for a brief period of time before the American-led NATO-bloc's launching of the Operation Deliberate Force air strikes against the Bosnian-Serb positions,
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was unreachable on a commercial aircraft, so [UN Ambassador Madeleine Albright] dealt instead with his deputy, Kofi Annan, who was in charge of peacekeeping operations. At 11:45 A.M., New York time, [Aug. 29,] came a big break: Annan informed Talbott and Albright that he had instructed the U.N.'s civilian officials and military commanders to relinquish for a limited period of time their authority to veto air strikes in Bosnia. For the first time in the war, the decision on the air strikes was solely in the hands of NATO -- primarily two American officers, NATO's Supreme Commander, General George Joulwan, and Admiral Leighton Smith, the commander of NATO's southern forces and all
The result, as Holbrooke reports it, was the “largest military action in NATO history.” (Until Operation Allied Force, the U.S.-led NATO-bloc's war over Kosovo, roughly three-and-a-half-years later.) This was how Kofi Annan "won the job," in Holbrooke's telling, as Boutros Boutros-Ghali's successor to the post of the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1. In the performance of their duties the Secretary-General and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any other authority external to the Organization. They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on their position as international officials responsible only to the Organization.
2. Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to respect the exclusively international character of the responsibilities of the Secretary-General and the staff and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities.
And I wondered whether anyone -- Richard Holbrooke, Kofi Annan -- the editorial board at the Wall Street Journal, the board of directors of the United Nations Foundation -- would care to defend the thesis that in participating in these late 2004 meetings with the coven of “foreign policy experts,” at least one meeting at which the Secretary-General “sat in silence and made no effort to defend himself,” as the Times reported the scene, Annan was upholding his constitutional duties and responsibilities as outlined by Article 100?
Or to put my question somewhat differently: Didn't the events reported by the January 3 New York Times (among other sources eventually) amount to constitutional-type violations of the UN Secretary-General's legitimate role and responsibilities? I mean, how could one look at them any other way? (Aside from supplicating Americans, that is. So I guess they were okay after all.)
"Secret Meeting, Clear
"Secret Meeting, Clear