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This article is a transcription of a talk Chomsky gave to the students attending Z Media Institute in 2005. The three crises reviewed here are particularly relevant today, post-election, as neither of the three were addressed by the candidates (although they involve survival of the species) and there are no known plans to do something about them.
CHOMSKY: I’ve been asked to speak on imminent crises and earlier I asked for suggestions. I only got one: “Rapture.” So I’ll keep to that. It’s a good one, although I won’t talk about it in those terms.
There are actually three crises that I think are worth telling about, at very high priority. One is the Rapture, if you like. It has to do with the threat of nuclear war, which is very high—unimaginably high—certainly unacceptably so. And that assumption is very widely accepted among strategic analysts and others. In the
There was an article a couple of months ago by Robert McNamara called “Apocalypse Soon” in which he joined the general consensus among analysts that on the current course of policy—mostly U.S. policy which is driving it—a nuclear war is inevitable. McNamara and the former defense secretary William Perry, Graham Allison, an American political scientist and professor at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard, and many others give a subjective estimate that the probability of a nuclear terror attack within the next decade is 50 percent or higher. Subjective estimates don’t mean much, but it shows you what people are thinking—even in mainstream journals like the
So that’s one major crisis and how imminent it is anyone knows. It could be tomorrow. Everything’s in place for it. The second one is familiar and I won’t say that much about it—that’s the threat of environmental catastrophe, which is not imminent in the sense that it’s going to happen soon, but the decision as to whether to ensure that it does happen is soon. In fact, it might be right now.
So, for example, a couple of days ago a group of leading scientists from the National Academies of a number of counties and the National Academy of Sciences in the U.S., addressed a petition to the leaders of G8—the 8 industrial countries who were meeting in Scotland in a few months—urging them to take immediate steps to avert a threat, the details of which are unknown, but it could be catastrophic and it could be unavoidable if it’s allowed to drag on too long. Again, the
The third one that I have in mind is actually connected with those two. When I say the
So U.S. policies are carrying an appreciable risk of ultimate doom and will continue to do so if the U.S. doesn’t function as a working democracy, which is the third crisis—namely, democracy deficit—which means a country that has formal democratic institutions, but they don’t function. It’s extreme in the U.S. and when there’s a democracy deficit in the most powerful nation in the world, and that nation has the capacity to pursue—and is pursuing—policies which carry an appreciable risk of ultimate doom and maybe apocalypse soon, and maybe irreversible environmental catastrophe, then the democracy deficit is a very serious problem and, therefore, the third imminent crisis.
Apocalypse Soon, Ultimate Doom
The first crisis, and surely the most serious, really is imminent and once it happens the result is total nuclear war. Actually, we’ve come extremely close in the past. You may remember that we are coming up to the 50th anniversary of what should be a famous manifesto by Bertrand Russell and Albert Einstein—July 1955—in which they pleaded with the people of the world to put aside other concerns, to think of themselves as members of the human species, and ask themselves whether they want the species to survive. They point out, sensibly, that we have a stark, dreadful, drastic choice: either doom the species to extinction or end war.
That was the choice in 1955 and it’s an even more urgent choice today. Of course, the choice to end war hasn’t happened. And it’s something of a miracle that “ultimate doom” hasn’t happened already. It certainly has come very close. By all common agreement, the closest it came was in 1962 at the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis when we were within a hair of terminal nuclear war.
It was known already by the participants in the crisis on all sides that the threat of nuclear war was very serious, but how serious it was finally became clear in October 2002 at the 40th anniversary retrospective meeting in Havana of American, Russian, and Cuban participants in the crisis, which Arthur Schlesinger, President Kennedy’s advisor, described as the most dangerous moment in history. But they learned it was much worse than they thought. At the most dangerous moment in the crisis, Kennedy put a quarantine around
Russian command orders are that three commanders have to authorize firing of the weapons. Two agreed, a third refused to agree and countermanded the order, and that’s why we’re still here. One word stopped the firing of the first nuclear weapons since
That information was exposed in 2002 and it was quite intriguing to see the reaction. You have to have had a microscope to see it because there was barely any coverage in the press, either here or in
The missile crisis was itself, in part, a reaction to a major international terrorist campaign that President Kennedy had organized. His brother, Robert, was the head of it and his highest priority was to bring the “terrors of the earth” to
There have been many other times in the past 50 years when survival hung by a thread, when nuclear missiles came very close to being fired. The NATO policy—meaning
In 1986, Gorbachev had called for the total abolition of nuclear weapons. That ran into an impasse because of Reagan’s space militarization program—what’s called Star Wars. By 1994, the Russians reversed their no first strike policy and reverted to the NATO program of first strike/automated response and so on.
The reason for that is not too well known, but it should be. It had to do with the negotiations at the end of the Cold War. The
Increasing the Danger
That adds to another risk, namely the risk that they’ll be stolen. The
One much higher priority is to stuff more money into the pockets of their rich friends and dominate the world in the short term. The thinking is standard and it drives policy ,and it will continue to, as long as the democratic deficit reigns and as long as policy is out of control of public opinion. The same is true of a potential environmental catastrophe.
There have been attempts over the last 50 years to strengthen the thin thread on which our survival rests. The most important was the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) of 1968, which went into effect in 1970. This May  was the regular five-year review of the NPT by participating states, which was almost everyone. It met in
There was barely any reporting of it. And the reporting I saw kept to the
There were a couple of others, but the most important one of all is FMCT or Fis-Ban—the treaty banning production of fissile materials—nuclear grade materials, such as highly enriched uranium. So the FMCT is absolutely crucial because it’s well understood that if fissile materials continue to be produced, then a nuclear war is inevitable.
The Fissile Treaty had been under review for a long time. In November, it came up for a vote at the UN and the vote was 147-1 with 2 abstentions. One abstention was
Let me turn to Article 4, which has to do with non-nuclear states. Article Six has to do with nuclear states. Article 4 grants the non-nuclear states the right to develop peaceful uses of nuclear energy. That’s the one the
It’s a little difficult for the
However, there was a point to that. The fact of the matter is that, if you develop the capacity to enrich uranium for peaceful uses, it’s not a long step to go on from there to nuclear weapons. So Article 4 is a real gap in the NPT. Something should be done to close that gap. That much is correct.
There are proposals for how to do that. The most important one—and the only one that makes any sense—is from the head of the International Atomic Energy Commission, Mohamed El Baradei, who proposed in an article in the Economist, and elsewhere, that production of fissile materials be under international control. That proposal is known and it’s described in the strategic analysis literature as not pragmatic. That’s a polite way of saying: the
I’m pretty sure if it came up in a poll and people were asked: should we accept international guarantees and controls, I’m willing to bet, people would say yes, judging by other similar results. But it doesn’t come up. These issues, of course, never come up because it’s not for the general public to decide. But there’s nothing very profound about it: if fissile materials are produced and there’s no controls, they’ll sooner or later turn into bombs, which means apocalypse soon, ultimate doom, either by failure of computer systems or by stealing missiles with nuclear warheads, or just making bombs.
Well, U.S analysts have proposed alternatives, which they say are more “pragmatic” than this one; that is, the nuclear powers, which means the
And so the threat hangs very thin. The NPT broke down and nobody has any hope for the next one, which means that the critical issues that determine survival of the species—what Russell and Einstein were talking about—those issues for the moment are moot. There’s no cut off treaty because it was blocked by that “divisive” 147-1 vote and the whole package of treaties that are part of the compact for the nuclear states are gone because they’ve all been rescinded and the Bush administration has already said it doesn’t accept Article 6 and is going ahead to develop new nuclear weapons. That’s where that one stands.
Again, this is a question on which the public ought to have a voice, but can’t unless the issue is at least made public—which it isn’t.
That’s just telling the world that if you don’t want to be invaded, then have a deterrent. There’s only two deterrents around. Nobody can spend 47 percent of world military expenditures to match the
Creating A Terrorist Haven
In advance of the Iraq war, it was pointed out very widely in the international affairs literature—and even by intelligence agencies, including U.S. intelligence agencies, that the invasion of Iraq was likely to increase nuclear proliferation and increase the threat of terror. The Bush administration certainly was aware of that. Their own national intelligence estimate said that right before the war. But they went ahead and their predictions were verified, not surprisingly.
The very likely (we don’t know) Iranian moves to develop at least the potential for nuclear weapons, meaning getting close enough so they can have a deterrent if they need it, is one example—same with North Korea, same with others. And the increase in terror is already verified. In fact, , it was observed by intelligence agencies and independent analysts even during the war and by the end, it was completely verified that, yes, it increased the threat of terror exactly as expected. The highest national intelligence estimate, in December 2004, concluded that the effect of the war, as anticipated, was to increase the threat of terror.
Remember when the invasion took place, Bush, Blair, Powell, Rice, and the rest of them kept insisting that there was what they all called a single question: Will Iraq stop its production of WMDs? That was the single question on which the U.S. Congress agreed to authorize force and on which the war was allegedly started.
That single question was soon answered. And something interesting happened right afterwards. The answer to that single question that’s usually given is not quite accurate. The answer is, usually, that they didn’t have any WMDs and probably hadn’t any for ten years or more. But they did have WMDs at some point—namely the ones provided to them by the
At that time, some of these weapons were still there. They had been under UN control after 1991 and UN inspectors were dismantling them, but there were still some there. What happened to them? Rumsfeld and Wolfowitz forgot to tell their troops that they should guard the sites. The only sites that were still being guarded were the oil ministry and the security ministry. That’s why some of the most important treasures of civilization were looted and destroyed—the worst destruction since the Mongol invasion. The sites where the WMDs were kept were also massively looted, according to UN satellite inspections. They found 109 sites that were completely looted, including high precision equipment which could be used to develop nuclear weapons, missiles, bio-toxins, and so on. Where they’ve gone, nobody has a clue—presumably in the hands of terrorists.
If there was anything remotely like a free press in the U.S. or England or France or Germany or anywhere, the headlines would be reading that, “The U.S. and Britain invaded to destroy WMDs that weren’t there and the effect of their invasion was to provide WMDs—that they had given Saddam Hussein—to terrorists who they had organized and trained in Afghanistan as part of state policy.”
That’s the headline. That’s exactly what happened. This is all quite apart from what happened to Iraq—like an estimated 100,000 civilians dead by 2004, virtual doubling of malnutrition among young children, now down to the level of Burundi, below Uganda and Haiti, meaning permanent brain damage, hundreds of thousands of wasted children, This is in a country that had already been devastated by U.S./British sanctions, which killed nobody knows how many hundreds of thousands of people and probably kept Saddam in power.
Why was it worthwhile? There’s what’s called a conspiracy theory, which is usually used to mean an obvious truth that no one’s allowed to talk about. The conspiracy theory here is that the fact the U.S and
But much more important than that is strategic power. Zbigniew Brzezinski, one of the more astute of the planning community, pointed out in a recent article, quite accurately, that one positive effect of the invasion of Iraq (he was not in favor of it), other than control of Mideast oil—is that it gives the United States what he called “critical leverage” over its rivals—namely European and Asian economies. That is what most of the conflicts in the
In the last 30 years or so, the world economy has become what’s called tripolar—3 roughly comparable economic centers: North America, run by the U.S., Europe, and a northeast Asian complex (loosely linked to India) including: Japan, South Korea, China, and the SE Asian complex, which is now the most dynamic economy in the world, controlling maybe half of the world’s foreign exchange. It’s willingness to buy U.S. Treasury Bonds is keeping the
Anyway, it’s happened, there’s an utter catastrophe. It’s not very clear what they can do about it. Even worse, from the
With all the fancy talk about democracy promotion, can the
For that reason, nobody pays much attention to the pronouncement of leaders. The only place where they do is maybe
I actually did a study of this and I couldn’t find any deviation. This was instantly accepted by everyone. Yes, it was the messianic vision. In fact, there is one particle of evidence for it: the dear leader said so. Try to find some other evidence for it. Actually, there’s massive evidence against it. Take a look at the timing. When did this become the messianic vision? A soon as the single question was answered. So Bush, Blair, and the rest are saying, we are among the most brazen liars in history. We drove you to war because we claimed we wanted the answer to the single question, but we weren’t telling you that our real reason was the messianic vision. In other words, we are brazen liars, but you’ve got to believe us now. And everyone believes it. It becomes what the Washington Post calls maybe the most noble war in history run by idealist-in-chief Paul Wolfowitz, who’s got a passion for democracy—and on and on.
So, can the
There’s another problem lurking in the background.
Furthermore, Iraq is likely to move to regain its natural position in the Arab World as a leading state, if not the leading state—highly educated population, huge resources, etc. That’s a position that goes back to biblical times, under various names, which means they’ll re-arm and they’ll have to confront the regional enemy, Israel, which means they’ll probably have to develop WMDs, if only for deterrence. So here’s what we’re looking at: a Shiite alliance controlling most of the world’s oil, re-arming, maybe developing WMDs, independent of the
And there’s more. In fact, the best witnesses for the defense of the messianic vision should be advocates for democracy promotion. The leading one by far is Thomas Carothers, the head of the Carnegie Endowment Program on law and democracy, who published a book in which he reviews democracy promotion after the Cold War. He’s a strong advocate of democracy promotion. He calls himself a neo-Reaganite. He was in the state department under Reagan as part of the democracy promotion project. What he concludes in his very book—which is really quite scholarly—is that there’s a strong line of continuity in the
To finish the story, Carothers also happened to write a book about democracy promotion in the 1980s. Again, he’s writing partly from an insider’s perspective. He thinks the Reagan programs are very sincere. He greatly admires them, participated in them, but he says they were a failure—as he points out, a systematic failure. In the regions where the
So what we have, on the one hand, is a mountain of reasons for not taking the rhetoric about Bush’s messianic vision seriously, and only one reason for taking it seriously, namely, it was declared by the dear leader after the single question got the wrong answer.
One final word about the third problem, which is, in a way, the core of the democracy deficit. There is a huge gap between public opinion and public policy. Right before the November elections, there were major studies of public opinion carried out by some of the most prestigious institutions that monitor it. The studies received virtually no reporting—two or three newspapers. What they found was that on foreign and domestic policy, the bi-partisan media consensus is way to the right of the general population on issue after issue. It’s one of the reasons why the elections had to carefully avoid issues and keep to imagery to delude the public. And it continues. When the Federal Budget came out, again major studies of public opinion on what the budget ought to be were almost exactly the opposite of what the budget was.
The studies show that the public is overwhelmingly in favor of cutting the military spending, of increasing social spending—health, education—more funding for renewable energy, more funding for the UN, which the public, unlike the political parties, very strongly supports—so strongly that a majority of the public, amazingly, even thinks the U.S. should give up the veto and follow majority opinion at the UN.
In general, there’s just an enormous gulf between opinion and public policy which is in many ways a very optimistic conclusion—very optimistic. What it means is there are tremendous opportunities for educating people enough so they understand their own opinions are not idiosyncratic—that they are public opinion—and on to organizing and activism. We’ve got every imaginable opportunity to do something to put an end quickly to crises which really are extremely severe and, in some cases, imminent.
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: email@example.com; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; email@example.com; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1101 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20004; 202-756-2268; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nfcb.org/.
BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; email@example.com; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; email@example.com http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; email@example.com; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.socialismconference.org.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; email@example.com; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: email@example.com; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; email@example.com; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; firstname.lastname@example.org.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; email@example.com; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; email@example.com; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.