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Nation-Busting Euphoria, Nation-Building Fatigue
The United States has a long tradition of arrogance, racism, unilateralism, and disregard of international law in its external dealings. So while it is easy to imagine that the Bush-Cheney- Rumsfeld Axis of Evil represents something new, it doesnt, it is merely more frightening because of the power and global scope and effects of this Axis, which owns and is eager to use a truly massive arsenal of weapons of mass destruction. The Axis leaders pretend to be quaking in their boots at somebody elses possession of such weapons (the mainstream media and intellectuals quake with them), but they pose the real global threat of their use.
The readiness with which the media and intellectuals adapt to and serve their leaders rampaging surprises many who dont grasp the extent to which the corporate media are a part of the imperial enterprise and structure and how naturally the intellectual community accepts and works within the parameters fixed by imperial needs. If the structure of imperialism gives the United States the power to impose its will in many foreign locales, its institutions and intelligentsia will, as a matter of course, normalize and support the ensuing projection of power. The liberals will do this with varying degrees of enthusiasm, some reluctantly, calling for multilaterally accepted constraintsand attackson rogues (they never question the identification of rogues), and the acceptance of responsibilities for nation-building, rather than unilateral actions and quick exit while readying the imperial center for follow-on campaigns. But many liberals, along with the mainstream majority and right wing, are enthused about the new projection of power in the interest of self defense against terrorism.
Given that the superpowers leaders put its interests first, and especially those of its dominant transnational corporations; that they are greatly affected by domestic political considerations, including the demands of the more powerful lobbies; that the leadership doesnt care a fig for legalisms, and has contempt for the bleeding heart weaklings among their allies, the superpower leaders have felt free to run roughshod over international law and traditional notions of justice. The resultant challenges to the media and intellectuals to rationalize the law violations, the use of force, and the bullying to get allies and clients in line have been severe. But media and intellectuals have met this challenge impressively.
For example, we regularly encounter the notion of nation-building, but never of nation-busting, although arguably that has been the primary role of the United States for decades. It shattered Indochina, and when it exited in 1975 it not only didnt help rebuild but instead imposed a long boycott on its victim. It destroyed the Sandinista revolution in Nicaragua, and reduced Nicaragua to the stone age, but even after it succeeded in getting into power its own neoliberal leadership in 1990, it abandoned its victim and has allowed it to remain a basket case ever since. It helped South Africa and freedom fighter Savimbi crush Angola, and then left. It smashed Iraq in 1991, and then, as with Vietnam, inflicted further severe damage on its victim via sanctions of mass destruction. Serbia and Kosovo were severely damaged, and then abandoned. Afghanistan has been treated similarly.
The United States suffers from nation-building fatigue even before it can do more than hand out some candy bars to orphaned children. But its liberals still prate about its responsibilities and the importance of it completing its good works after devastating a country in the process of replacing a demon (usually a former U.S. agent), failing to note the regularity with which it runs after it does its hit. (William Blum speaks of Americas traditional policy of zero reconstruction.) The U.S. official view is that since the United States has done such yeoman service in busting some poor country, others should take on the responsibility of nation-building. Clinton and Albright left it to the Europeans to reconstruct Kosovo (and to bring it that still elusive stability and justice), just as Bush and Powell call for others to do the same in Afghanistan. The trouble is that those other countries may not have agreed that busting was desirable or that it should be they who do the reconstruction, which is more difficult and expensive than just dropping bombs. Maybe the country that bombs should have the responsibility of nation-building and not be able to shunt it to others. This pattern of busting without followup reconstruction is not featured in the media or by the intellectual community.
Nor is the fact that preemption and regime change by invasion and/or subversion is in straightforward violation of Articles 1 and 2 of the UN Charter and the most basic element of international lawthe prohibition of an armed attack on another state. That process of regime change, which the Bush administration proposes to carry out against Iraq is called aggression, except in cases where the U.S. (or one of its clients like Israel or Indonesia) indulges in it. It is testimony to the advanced state of degradation of the international community that the DC Axis can announce many months in advance that it intends to commit aggression against Iraq, but this is not denounced as a Hitler-worthy enterprise that the world community must oppose by all necessary means. Instead, the U.S. is appeased almost without limitwe all agree that it means well, that its target is monstrous and a true threat to the U.S. and everybody else, but we must remove this threat slowly and in stages and not just let the U.S. start bombing tomorrow. The idea that the Iraq threat is a sick joke, and that that country has been a victim of serious war crimes committed by the U.S., its poodle, and the UN, and that the U.S. and poodle are the main global threat, is outside the realm of polite discourse.
The U.S. is also appeased in its desire to be free of any threat that its citizens might be hauled before an international crimes court. It regards itself as the global God (or Godfather), who brings justice (or breaks kneecaps) as the law-justice giver (or enforcer) and is above or outside the law. It claims to fear frivolous or politicized actions against his citizens; it likes instead Tribunals like the Yugoslavia Tribunal now dealing with Milosevic that is not political because under the U.S.s firm control (NATOs public relations person Jamie Shea even acknowledged this control in a press conference of May 17, 1999, but the U.S. media and intellectuals didnt notice or care, given that the U.S. wasonce againpursuing a just cause).
Strenuous efforts have been made by the international community to assure the U.S. of the unlikelihood that its personnel would be hauled before the court, but there has been little discussion of the threat that if it joined the court, it would throw its weight around, dominate and compromise its judicial integrity as it has done with the Yugoslavia Tribunal. Such a point doesnt arise, nor is the brazenness of it putting itself in a special category above the law. The U.S. has even gotten belligerent on the matter of an international court outside its control. Its congress has passed a law called the American Service Members Protection Actin the dissident media referred to as The Netherlands Invasion Actwhich calls for the armed forces to recover by force any U.S. citizen taken into custody by any purported international crimes tribunal. However, not to worry: U.S. war crimes ambassador, Pierre-Richard Prosper, has assured the world that an invasion of the Hague to recover U.S. prisoners of crime tribunals is not automatic; it is merely within [the presidents] range of tools. Its not mandatory.
It is also worth noting that the United States never apologizes for anything it does. At most, when it cant wriggle out of responsibility for killing large numbers of innocent civilians, as in the assault on the wedding festivities at Kakarak in Afghanistan on July 1, 2002, or the shooting down of an Iranian civilian airliner on July 3, 1988 (with 290 dead), it may express regrets and offer some compensation to survivors. But apologies are for the Japanese, Germans, and others, not for the U.S. This is because it always means well, is responding in just causes, and the world owes it a debt for the service it is rendering. As Human Rights Watch (and Washington Post) analyst William Arkin said to Afghans, When are you going to pay the US for the cost of the bombs and the jet fuel and the American lives selflessly given,...all done so you can have a future? (WP, April 9, 2002). But besides this selfless purpose in U.S. actions abroad, surely God (or Godfather) cannot be expected to apologize.
It is a long tradition in the liberal mainstream to exhort U.S. officials to get their nasty clients to be good, in accord with our values. This is of course important right now when our values are allegedly in competition with those of al Qaeda and other terrorist forces that represent evil values. A small problem surfaced when we supported the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan, whose murderous proclivities match those of the Taliban. The Northern Alliance has not only killed and raped in Pashtun territory during the past year, it starved and killed Taliban prisoners on a large scale, even after the Northern Alliance and U.S. forces together had negotiated a protected surrender.
In a recent op-ed column, Holly Burkhalter, U.S. policy director for the Physicians for Social Responsibility, points out that the U.S. failure to come to grips with the consequences of alliances with local forces [who]...show little respect for the laws of armed conflict...resulted in the execution of hundreds of captured combatants and the imprisonment of thousands of others in life-threatening squalor. (POW Atrocities: An Ugly Lesson, Los Angeles Times, October 14, 2002.) She urges, among other things, that this country should require military personnel to protect civilian populations and, if atrocities are committed by local partners...secure all evidence, carry out a full investigation and hold accountable those responsible.
While these are well-meaning recommendations, they gloss over fundamental facts that show the United States to be not so innocent of the crimes in question and to have a policy directly contrary to Burkhalters recommendations, for clear and obvious reasons. She also ignores history, recent and more distant. In the recent Afghan war it is on the record that the United States used air power to kill hundreds of prisoners during a prison revolt in the Qala-i-Janghi prison. There is also evidence that U.S. personnel abused Taliban prisoners and were on the scene and did nothing to hinder the stuffing of the prisoners in containers for the death convoy (documented in Jamie Dorans film Massacre at Mazar, suppressed by the U.S. media).
Burkhalter understates the number probably executed (there are several thousand missing of the 8,000 who surrendered at Kunduz). Her appeal to preserve the evidence and prosecute the killers flies in the face of the U.S. refusal to do that in this very case, and the clear U.S. failure to acknowledge its own killings in Afghanistan, along with a systematic effort to keep them out of sight. Burkhalter cant acknowledge that it might be U.S. policy to allow or possibly even encourage its clients to kill prisoners, even though Rumsfeld said, The United States is not inclined to negotiate surrenders, nor are we in a position, with relatively small numbers of forces on the ground, to accept prisoners. He also said he would do everything I could to prevent these people who have done terrible things to leave Afghanistan and be free to fight again (Department of Defense Briefing, November 19, 2001; Ian Cobain and Damian Whitworthy, America Will Take No Prisoners, Times of London, November 20, 2001).
Burkhalter also fails to recognize that covering up civilian killings of our bombings allows a more lavish use of firepower, killing more enemy cadreseven if at the expense of heavy civilian casualtiesand helps keep our own casualties down (see Edward Herman, Body Counts in Imperial Service, Z, February 2002; and Tragic Errors in U.S. Military Policy, Z, October 2002).
Looking back further in history, the United States has long supported torture and death squad-prone clients. The rise in torture in the 1960s and 1970s was closely correlated with flows of U.S. aid and training. While the media, pundits, and establishment intellectuals were regularly taken in by claims that the United States was doing its level best to make these clients nice, the apologists failed to note two things. First, that the crucial relationship between the torture regimes and this country was that the United States chose to support them in the first place, suggesting that the torture and terror were either acceptable or positively desired. Second, in a great many cases it was clear that U.S. training in methods of interrogation, as well as its stress on the evils of the populists or radicals under attack by the U.S. clients, gave both a spiritual and technical push to torture and killing (see A. J. Langguth, Hidden Terrors; Miles Wolpin, Military Aid and Counterrevolution in the Third World; Edward Herman, The Real Terror Network).
One of the most dramatic and revealing cases of U.S. official support for client state mass murder was the U.S. relationship to the huge Indonesian killings of 1965-1966, which may have claimed over a million victims, many incidentally on the island of Bali. It is on the record that the United States supplied lists of people to be killed to the coup and genocide managers, and it is also clear that U.S. officials, pundits, and media were ecstatic at what James Reston saw as a gleam of light and Time magazine called The Wests best news for years in Asia, referring to an Indonesia being subjected to mass slaughter.
Less well known is the fact that U.S. officials had been regretful that the Indonesian military seemed to lack the gumption to clean house, and expressed great pleasure when the house cleaning took place. Thus, Rand Corporation and CIA official Guy Pauker had been despondent in 1959 about the possibility of an army takeover, but he did hope that Perhaps overnight the General Staff or some younger members of the officer corps of Indonesia will strike, sweep their house clean, and rededicate themselves to a higher purpose (presumably stealing, and opening the door to private investment, after a mass slaughter). After the coup, Pauker exulted that The assassination of the six army generals by the September 30 Movement elicited the ruthlessness that I had not anticipated a year earlier and resulted in the death of large numbers of Communist cadres [actually, mostly peasant farmers and ordinary citizens who might have supported the Communist Party]. (Quoted in Peter Dale Scotts chapter in Malcolm Caldwell, ed., Ten Years Military Terror In Indonesia [Spokesman, 1975].)
This expression of our values could be replicated many times over the past several decades.
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: email@example.com; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; email@example.com; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1101 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20004; 202-756-2268; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nfcb.org/.
BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; email@example.com; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; email@example.com http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; email@example.com; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.socialismconference.org.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; email@example.com; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: email@example.com; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; email@example.com; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; firstname.lastname@example.org.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; email@example.com; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; email@example.com; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.