Volume , Number 0
Europe in Ten Questions
Redistricting Returns With A Vengeance
Repairing the damage
Democracy and the War on â€¦
Jonathan lawson and susan Gleason
Unions Must Tap Young Workers
2001 In Music
The Fruits Of NAFTA
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Journal of 15th Year
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Second International Forum Against Globalization
November 24 marked the closing of the Second International Forum, “Frente a la Globalización: El Pueblo Es Primero” (Confronting Globalization, The People Come First), with hundreds of indigenous delegates, campesino organizers, grassroots activists, journalists and internationals in solidarity marching through the streets of Quetzaltenango, Guatemala. Over 800 delegates representing 262 organizations participated in the three-day event to organize strategies and develop proposals in resistance to the neoliberal model for development in Latin America. Passing fruit markets, street vendors and McDonald’s restaurants, voices shouted in unison, expressing the international struggle against globalization. Overwhelmingly, the threat of the projected Plan Puebla Panama was the central focus of protest slogans, remarks and proposals during the forum.
Vincente Fox, president of Mexico, officially announced the Plan Puebla Panama (PPP) in March 2001 as a proposal for a series of mega projects within the American Isthmus, a region extending from Southeastern Mexico to Panama, designed to integrate the region into the global economy. Advocates of the PPP plan to transform the region into a processing center and transportation corridor for the export of goods to North America and Western Europe. Plans to develop Eucalyptus and African palm plantations, industrial shrimp farms, a maquiladora industrial sector, mining and a new energy network compose the production corridor of the project. In order to transport the goods produced, the Plan Puebla Panama intends to construct a network of super highways, dry canals, high-speed railways and deepwater ports. The American Isthmus is a region immensely rich in biodiversity, natural resources and cultural diversity, all of which are threatened with the implementation of the Plan Puebla Panama. Particularly, the plan has the potential to contribute to the loss of campesino land, loss of community autonomy, loss of ability for local producers to compete in the global market, and pressures for traditional farmers to move into the industrial sector of the economy.
Nicolás Bravo, a community that is struggling to defend the Chimalapas jungle from the interests of foreign logging companies, the government and neighboring communities sits in the very heart of the region for the projected Plan Puebla Panama. The journey to Nicolás Bravo, located in the southern state of Oaxaca, demonstrates the threats of globalization and the struggle of communities to sustain the land, environment and biodiversity of Mesoamerica. In order to arrive in Nicolás Bravo, one must travel on a bumpy road, passing military police check points, an operation site of German logging company PRICECA, and a neighboring community, Nuevo Centro de Dotación de Ejido that has been violently disputing claims to the land of Nicolás Bravo. The struggle of the community has included a long history of resistance to the pressures and interests of foreign companies in the region.
Actions to shut down operations of PRISECA occurred in 1987 when the company did not follow through with the agreement to provide infrastructural assistance to the community for the use of its land.
In 1990, the struggle led to the rape and murders of Cecilia and Lucía Cruz Escalante, daughters of Anastacio Cruz Paz, a campesino leader and challenger of PRICECA. The murders were a result of a split within the community of whether or not to apply for ejidal status (communal land tenure) from the government, escalated by the pressures and interests of foreign corporations. The struggle for the land intensified in 1992 after the implementation of reforms to Article 27 of the Mexican Constitution that officially permitted the privatization of ejidal land.
Realizing that the lands of Nicolas Bravo could no longer be recognized under Article 27, the community began collaborating with UCIZONI, Union de Communidades Indigenas de la Zona Norte del Itsmo (Union of Indigenous Communities of the Northern Zone of the Isthmus), in order to continue the struggle to protect its land. UCIZONI, as a grass roots indigenous organization, has been resisting globalization and protecting ejidal and communal lands in Oaxaca for 17 years. The foreign logging companies manipulating the increased access to lands once controlled by peasants and indigenous, have begun to pressure communities to sell their lands once protected under Article 27. Pressures for communities to adhere to the interests of transnational corporations have involved the instigation of land disputes and offers to build roads and provide better materials for building houses as part of negotiations, while the government has done little to improve infrastructure.
Residents of Nicolás Bravo are acutely aware of the connection between military check points 20 miles from the community, heightened tensions with Nuevo Centro de Dotación de Ejido over land disputes and the logging companies’ offers to clear cut hectares of trees within the municipality. Clearly, without support from the government, pressure for residents to integrate into the global economy allows few choices; let go of the land, work in the proposed maquila sector, migrate to the U.S., or actively confront policies like the Plan Puebla Panama which have the likelihood of devastating the culture, land, biodiversity, and livelihood of communities in the region of the Isthmus.
Within the three-day forum in Xela, Guatemala, delegates representing grassroots organizations from Mesoamerica presented stories similar to the history of Nicolás Bravo. Delegates had the opportunity to participate and present analysis of the Plan Puebla Panama in working tables on the potential effects of the Plan on indigenous peoples and natural resources and proposals for alternative models of development. Although the critique of globalization was clearly present within the forum, spaces for participants to develop concrete strategies for a campaign of solidarity against the Plan Puebla Panama and other similar policies were limited. Within the final forum, delegates representing community organizations criticized the organization of the forum and the declarations proposed. Zoila José Juan, delegate from UCIZONI and an indigenous woman from Oaxaca, Mexico, forcefully expressed her critique of the forum. To an impassioned audience, she criticized the forum for including mostly academics and expressed the overwhelming necessity of the participation by women, indigenous people, and non-NGO community organizers in future forums.
The Forum Xelajú concluded in the central plaza of Quetzal- tenango with delegates reading the declarations against the PPP and its plans to integrate the Isthmus into the global economy. Berta Caceras, delegate representing COPINH, an organization of indigenous and campesinos struggling against globalization in Honduras, read the final accords of the forum. The declarations stated an absolute rejection of the model of development proposed under globalization that threatens the rights, safety, health and bio-diversity of communities in Meso- america and articulated a forceful commitment to confront these policies with direct resistance in communities.
The forum’s significance was revealed in the delegates’ network building and information sharing in order to build a concrete coordination of resistance against the Plan Puebla Panama. Affirming the necessity of the forum, Neil Harvey, delegate and author of The Chiapas Rebellion stated, “The level of resistance depends on the level of information.” He reaffirmed this sentiment with the concern that the next step in the campaign is to present this newly attained information in a language accessible to communities whose interests and way of life are at stake. The proposal for an international education campaign about the potential effects of the Plan Puebla Panama and the demands for the active participation of communities in the decision making process of trade agreements and plans for economic development reinforced how vital the accessible distribution of information is to the struggle. The Second International Forum Against Globalization demonstrated the strength of the international campaign against the Plan Puebla Panama and echoed the declaration of Sub- comandante Marcos, spokesperson of the Zapatista struggle: “The Isthmus is not for sale.”
The third forum is predicted to take place in Managua, Nicaragua in 2002. Z
Marie Trigona was a participant in the Plan Puebla Panama delegation. She is working as Program Assistant with the Africana and Latin American Studies Program at Colgate University.
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: email@example.com; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; email@example.com; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1101 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20004; 202-756-2268; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nfcb.org/.
BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; email@example.com; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; email@example.com http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; email@example.com; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.socialismconference.org.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; email@example.com; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: email@example.com; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; email@example.com; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; firstname.lastname@example.org.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; email@example.com; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; email@example.com; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.