Switching a National Psyche From War to Peace - Japanese Style
I've been speaking throughout
Aspiring sincerely to an international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes. (2) In order to accomplish the aim of the preceding paragraph, land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained. The right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized.
On my last evening in
After World War II, Japanese men (and women) have been spared the obligation of serving in any wars. Because their Constitution (written by Americans) says war is not the Japanese national doctrine for resolving international disputes or for ensuring their national security, the Japanese people have been given 60 years of peace.
I was struck by the questions of the Japanese men - only one generation removed from their fathers, who fought to expand economic resources for the Japanese emperor and empire in the late 1930s and 1940s.
These men questioned why young men and women of the
I responded that, despite an unpopular war, some young men and women find the
The Japanese society has moved from one of the most militaristic and warlike in the 1930s and 1940s to, now, a nation at peace despite the Bush administration's pressure on the Japanese government for military and financial contributions for the war on
Some will say the reason the Japanese people have not had to go to war is the
I wonder if it will take a series of disastrous events such as what the Japanese people endured when they were led by civilian and military leaders into successive invasions and brutal occupations of other countries (known for rape and torture of local citizens) before Americans will decide aggressive wars of choice, invasions and occupations known for rape and torture of local citizens are not the answer to world problems.
Japanese are very protective of their right to a peaceful country.
Will American ever strive for a different world - one of peace, not violence?
Ann Wright is a retired us army reserves colonel with 29 years of military service. She also was a