Volume , Number 0
There are no articles.Commentary
There are no articles.Culture
There are no articles.Features
Life & Debt in Jamaica
W. michael byrd and linda a. Clayton
Law & Order
Targets of Hatred: Anti-Abortion Terrorism
Native Challenges to Mining and â€¦
Iraqi Sanctions: Myth and Fact
Nuggets From A Nuthouse
Race and Class
You Can Beat the Privatizers
Consequences Of Empire
An Interview With Miriam Ching â€¦
The War In Afghanistan: 40 â€¦
Stephen R. Shalom
There are no articles.
NOTE: Z Magazine subscribers and sustainers have access to all Z Magazine articles here and in the archive. The latest Z Magazine articles available to everyone are listed in the Free Articles box at the top of the table of contents, and are starred in the list below. Questions? e-mail Z Magazine Online.
Targets of Hatred: Anti-Abortion Terrorism
St. Martin's Press
Review by Beverly Lowy
Stalking, arson, kidnapping, murder. This year's most chilling read is not from Stephen King. Journalist/rights activist Eleanor Bader and former abortion provider Patricia Baird-Windle have collaborated to produce a book that will make the hairs stand up and the skin become goosefleshed. Never before has the anti-violence against centers for choice, clinic personnel, and abortion providers been so thoroughly documented, cross-referenced, and time lined. Here are the horror stories that even those of us active in the pro-choice movement never heard. For this expose, three years in the making, Bader spent one year traversing the country to get the personal accounts of those in the front lines. Additionally, there was contact by phone, email, and snail mail for additional information and updating. The result is a clearly-written, month-by-month chronicle that shocks and informs.
The assaults against clinic personnel rarely get press unless they are more egregious than usual. The psychological effects on those being terrorized are never mentioned. Especially heinous are the threats, real or implied, against the families—most of all, the children—of heroes on what has become a battlefield for choice. Imagine the feelings of nurse administrator Roni Windle when she was on staff at the Aware Woman Center for Choice and found a photograph of a fetus in her mailbox with a picture of her 12-year-old daughter's head superimposed on it.
In the case of Cathy Conner who was a clinic administrator, the antis picketed her home and carried signs saying “Cathy Conner: Baby Killer,” while using bullhorns. Her children, eight and ten years old at the time, were playing outside. She was understandably upset, having the antis know who her children were.
Jude Hanson was a clinic director in Portland, Oregon who had worked in abortion facilities for 20 years. She left her job in 1997 because of the barrage of screaming picketers outside her home. Clinic administrator Sandy Sheldon tells of being stalked by a man who had been one of the picketers outside her home. He followed her everywhere and her greatest fear was the safety of her nine-year old daughter. Finally, the state attorney agreed she was being stalked and took the case. Even after the man was convicted, Sheldon was afraid to have birthday parties for her daughter or to let her daughter's friends sleep over because the pickets might show up. She and her daughter spent a year and a half in counseling after the stalker's conviction. Even with implied rather than overt violence, and with constant harassment, the antis can, and have, whittled away the sense of autonomy of dedicated clinic personnel, making them fear for their safety and for that of those closest to them. They know, only too well, that from 1977-September 2000 there have been 7 murders, 17 attempted murders, 115 incidents of assaults, and 3 kidnappings of those working in abortion clinics. They are painfully aware that no one is safe.
Targets of Hatred begins with a comprehensive overview, “The State of the Union: Abortion in North America,” which presents what is happening to our reproductive rights since Roe v. Wade. To say the least, it is not a pretty picture.
The foes of abortion rights are well-organized and, although to date they have not been able to overturn Roe v. Wade, they have been successful in chipping away at our right to choose by utilizing everything within their well-organized arsenal to close clinics, to limit Medicaid spending on abortions for poor women, to institute parental notification for teenagers and to intimidate abortion providers. Between 1992 and 1996 the number of providers fell by 14 percent, leaving nearly one-third of American cities without a reproductive healthcare center. Rural areas often have none for hundreds of miles. According to a 1998 study by the New York-based Alan Guttmacher Institute that is cited by the authors, the drop in services is attributed to both anti-abortion terrorism and the antis legislative successes in curtailing access.
The authors also point out that the majority of abortions in the United States are performed by 2 percent of the country's obstetrician-gynecologists, two-thirds of whom are 65 or older and that only 12 percent of ob/gyn residency programs require training in first-timester procedures. Also, laws in 44 states prevent physician's assistants, nurse practitioners, and midwives from performing abortions, no matter how competent they are. When you read in detail of the severity of clinic violence, the disruptions, the crimes against personnel, you wonder who the dedicated young physicians are who will brave these attacks in order to perform abortions.
The antis claim that fanatics are committing the murders and kidnappings, the arsons and bombings and that their various organizations are not involved. However, even as they deny responsibility, they don't really censor the attacks. In case after case, the thoroughness of Bader's and Baird-Windle's investigations refute these organizations disclaimers. However, it is true that as actions have become more violent many moderate antis have become less visible, leaving the field open to the most dangerous elements.
National pro-choice groups are also criticized by the authors who point out that, with the exception of the Feminist Majority Foundation, the groups “have been reluctant to aggressively counter or even study anti-abortion activity. Instead, they have confined their efforts to lobbying against abortion restrictions and to working to elect pro-choice candidates to local, state, and national office.” They cite the mistakes made by wearing blinders and it would be difficult to disagree with them.
In the last chapter, of this remarkable book, the authors suggest ways to rectify past errors and they present “A Vision for Slowing the Violence.” Whether their methods will work remains to be seen, but they deserve careful consideration.
Years ago, whenever we began to feel in any way secure about our reproductive rights, my friends and I had a catch phrase to bring us back to reality: “Wake up, Little Susie.” Targets of Hatred will arouse even the comatose.
Beverly Lowy was the editor of On The Issues, a women's healthcare magazine. She has written extensively on women's issues.