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The NYT's Thomas Friedman: The Geraldo Rivera of the NYT
The principal diplomatic correspondents for the New York Times, from Cyrus Sulzberger through Flora Lewis, James Reston, and Leslie Gelb to Thomas Friedman, have always and necessarily been apologists for U.S. foreign policy. The NYT is a self-acknowledged establishment paper and hardly makes any bones about its close connections with policy-makers. James Reston was greatly honored for his intimacy with high officials and even co-wrote one of his NYT opinion columns with Henry Kissinger. Another Friedman predecessor, Leslie Gelb, had stints in the State Department and Pentagon interspersed with his position as diplomatic correspondent.
Thomas Friedman has served consistently in this apologetic tradition. He differs from his predecessors mainly in his brashness, name-dropping, and self-promotion, and with his aggressive, bullying tone; e.g., WTO protesters are ridiculous a Noahs ark of flat-earth advocates, protectionist trade unions and yuppies looking for their 1960s fix. In these respects he brings a now fashionable, Geraldo Rivera in-your- face touch to the NYT, which has borne his effusions stoically for the last three decades. Of course, Friedman has also brought honors to the NYT with his three Pulitzer Prizeswhich some argue have done for the reputation of Pulitzer what the Nobel Peace Prize award to Henry Kissinger has done for the reputation of the peace prize.
Friedman made his reputation and received two of his Pulitzers for his reporting on the Middle East. Given the U.S. policy of underwriting Israeli ethnic cleansing over a half century and, adding to this the consistently strong NYT support of that policy, Friedman has necessarily followed an Israel-apologetic course. For Friedman, Israel only retaliates whereas the Palestinians engage in terror, which is the causal force in the conflictnot Israels redeeming the land and ethnic cleansing, nor its occupation policies in general, which have been in gross violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention (which he never discusses). Just a few months after Arafat called for mutual recognition and negotiations with Israel in 1984, Friedman wrote, By refusing to recognize Israel and negotiate with it directly, the Arabs have only strengthened Israel fanatics
As Noam Chomsky has noted, the NYT refused to publish a word about Arafats offer, but there can be no question that Friedman knew the facts (even if the NYT suppressed this information for its readers) and that he ignored them in favor of the oft-repeated lie of the time (and Times), that Israel couldnt find a negotiating partner (see Chomskys Necessary Illusions and Pirates and Emperors for more on this case and on Friedmans bias).
Friedman has been a long-standing apologist for Israeli state terror and ethnic cleansing. His expressed doubts never reach beyond the pragmatics of Israeli state violencedoes it work or is it counterproductive? He has periodically berated the Palestinians for failing to recognize that they have been defeated and should humbly surrender and accept large-scale expropriation and de facto transfer. Friedman has also lauded Israels sponsorship of terrorismone of his recommendations for bringing security to Israel (he has never recognized the need for security for Palestinians) has been that Israel use more widely the tactic it employed in South Lebanon of sponsoring a proxy force, the South Lebanese Army, to pacify the local population and fight any indigenous groups hostile to Israel (The Man Who Foresaw the Uprising, Yediot Ahronot, April 7, 1988). This arrangement fits precisely the definition of terror organization and terror sponsorship, but as Israel was the sponsor those terms are not applied here. Instead, Friedman applauds their use and presents this as a model.
Friedman has been an enthusiastic supporter of free trade and corporate globalization, serving effectively as a media-based ideologue for corporate expansion abroad. In the course of this service, he has presented a simplified and idealized model of how the market operates, ignoring or downplaying market power and the interplay of corporate power and politics, the growth of inequality at home and abroad, the effects of imperial power on the development options of poor countries, and externalities (including environmental damage). In assailing WTO and globalization protestors, Friedman claims that they hurt the interests of the global poor (The Coalition to Keep Poor People Poor, NYT, April 24, 2001), suggesting that he, the IMF-WB-WTO, and Western corporate elite are really serving those interests. But Friedman never confronts the facts on the growing inequality, the disproportionate gains of Western corporate elites, the slackened growth of the poor countries, the admissions of surprised disappointment by IMF and WB officials that their pro-corporate policies have done so little to help poor people. It is not hard to understand why, in a letter of March 31, 1999, former Enron CEO Kenneth Lay recommended a Friedman article on globalization to his friend George Bush as an excellent account of most of the basic issues.
In a widely quoted line from his book The Lexis and the Olive Tree (1999), Friedman says, The hidden hand of the market will never work without a hidden fist. McDonalds cannot flourish without McDonnell Douglas, the designer of the U.S. Air Force F-15, and the hidden fist that keeps the world safe for Silicon Valleys technologies to flourish is called the U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps. This is not said with any hint that it might be wrong to use force to impose the market on people who dont seem to want it. It recalls Kissingers famous line justifying the U.S. intervention in support of the Chilean coup and followup terror and mass murder, that the Chilean people had been irresponsible in voting in Allende.
Friedman is an enemy of democracy at home as well as abroad. The Lexis and the Olive Tree is a celebration of corporate globalization, which he sees as bringing the triumph of market ideology and market domination of both the economic and political world. Money and capital flows will prevent any policy deviations from the core golden rules of the market; political choices get reduced to Pepsi or Coke and any government trying to serve its poor people or protect the environment in opposition to the consensus of capital will be brought to its senses by capital flight. For Friedman these are admirable developments and he lauds Maggie Thatcher, who should be remembered as the Seamstress of the Golden Straitjacket (All About Maggie, NYT, May 5, 1997).
The weakening of labor also pleases Friedman, who mentions this as one of Thatchers accomplishments. He regards Reagans breaking the air controllers strike in 1981 as his finest achievement, helping break the hold of organized labor on the U.S. economy. Friedman rhapsodizes over the prospects of a flexible labor market where employers will someday be able to hire and fire workers with relative ease. The weakening of labors countervailing power and ability to oppose full-scale domination by capital doesnt faze him at all. Only oppositional groups like the WTO protesters arouse his ire. Democratic theorists have long stressed the importance of intermediate groups like labor unions in making for effective pluralism and a genuine democracy. But for Friedman, nothing should stand in the way of market power, which he has idealized with a cover of a laissez-faire model that begs all the difficult questions (see Thomas Franks dissection in One Market Under God). Thomas Friedmans ideal is plutocracy, not democracy.
Friedman has also been an open proponent of the commission of war crimes abroad. He is aghast at the crimes of Saddam Hussein and the Talibanat least during the periods when we were not allied with themand when the leadership makes them an official target, he would hit them hard. During the bombing war against Yugoslavia, Friedman recommended telling the Serbs, Every week you ravage Kosovo is another decade we will set your country back by pulverizing you. You want 1950? We can do 1950. You want 1389? We can do 1389. Of course, pulverizing a country to force its surrender is calling for the commission of war crimes, but here Friedman, Foxs Bill OReilly, and the Clinton-Albright team were as one. Friedman was also gung-ho for the B-52 bombing of Afghanistan. In another classic he asserted, It turns out many of those Afghan civilians were praying for another dose of B-52s to liberate them from the Taliban, casualties or not. Note that he cant resist putting civilians in quote marks, even while he suggests that they were good guys eager for obliteration. He doesnt explain where he gets this information on what those Afghan civilians were praying for.
For Iraq, too, Friedman has urged the commission of war crimes. He had not a word of criticism for the sanctions of mass destruction that killed vast numbers of Iraqi civilians in one of the great cases in history of the terrorist use of hostages23 million hostages, as compared to the 53 U.S. citizens held by the Iranians in 1979-1980, and those 53 were not starved. In 1998 Friedman urged bombing Iraq, over and over again, and a year later advised that policy-makers blow up a different power station in Iraq every week, so no one knows when the lights will go off or who is in charge.
Writing recently on Iraq, Friedman has outdone himself in ennobling the invasion-occupation. We came there with the sole intention of liberating its people and we are fighting for Iraqs sovereignty (Worried Optimism On Iraq, NYT, September 21, 2003). We, along with Iraqs silent majority, want Iraq to become a decent, modern-looking Iraqi alternative, not another Iran. The people resisting us are Saddamistas, not people who want to see us gone and Iraq independent. There is a Shiite majority who might favor Iran, but Friedman knows what the silent majority thinks, just as he knew that those Afghans wanted more B-52 bombings.
Isnt it wonderful that the seemingly reactionary Bush administration, so miserly with money for its own civilian population, has invaded Iraq and is spending these huge sums for the liberation of the Iraqi people? All those pre-war documents by the Bushies that talked about geostrategic advantages to the United States in regime change in Iraq; all the evidence of Bushie officials and advisers links to Likud and eager service to Israel; the long Clinton-Bush sanctions policy that killed so many civilians and actually served to consolidate Saddam Husseins power. These all disappear for a Friedman, wallowing in crude apologetics.
course liberation must proceed slowly and Friedman agrees
with Bush, rather than those traitorous French and an awful lot
of Iraqis, that self-rule must not be bestowed too hastily. It doesnt
seem to cross Friedmans mind that the Bush desire for a slow
pace might be based on the desire to restructure Iraq in accord
with Bush-Cheney-related economic interests and to make sure that
control remains in friendly Iraqi hands. Those words decent
and modern-looking are perhaps a giveaway on the Friedman-Bush
approach. To be modern-looking requires privatization
and entry into the global market, with foreign investment and free
trade. To be decent means that respectable people who
can win the trust of Bush, Cheney, Rumsfeld, and the IMF should
be in power. This might require a period of non-democracy that will
keep out radicals and Islamists who have not seen the light, oppose
privatization and U.S. bases on Iraqi soil, and want closer relations
with Iran. We must keep in mind that Musharaff, Karimov, and Putin
are apparently sufficiently decent and modern-looking to deserve
support, and so was Suharto for 32 years. Once decency and the modern
look prevail, the market will rule and, if there are elections,
they will offer that choice of only Pepsi or Coke that
Friedman finds quite acceptable. Liberationfor
subservience to the market, at best.
On Tim Russerts CNBC program of September 13, Friedman gave a different version of U.S. motivation. It turns out that WMDs and the moral reason were not the real reason, which Friedman explained as follows: There were three great bubbles in the 1990s: the Nasdaq bubble, the Enron bubble and the terrorism bubble. The terrorism bubble is illustrated by the 9/11 event and blowing up Israelis in pizza-parlorsnot the sanctions of mass destruction or Sharons policies that were killing three Palestinians for each dead Israeli. Lots of Arabs believed in this bubble and, We need to go into the heart of their world and beat their brains out, in order to burst this bubble. Weve done that with the invasion of Iraq and the people in the neighborhood got it, all right.
So the Bush war was not for liberation after all and certainly not to control Iraqi oil and project U.S. power for U.S. (and Israeli) interests. It was to stop terrorism. This is occasionally claimed by the Bush team and its supporters, but no credible analyst accepts it as a motive and the non-Bush-affiliated analysts almost uniformly argue that the Iraq war will stimulate anti-U.S. feeling and terrorism.
Friedman reached what might be a new low in chauvinist apologetics for the invasion-occupation in his Our War With France (NYT, September 18, 2003). France, he tells us, is not just annoying, it is becoming our enemy. They made it impossible for the Security Council to put a real ultimatum to Saddam Hussein that might have avoided a war and they seem to want us to fail in the hope that France will assume its rightful place as Americas equal. What they should have done is agree to help rebuild Iraq, while asking for a real seat at the management table. But this intransigence is also to be expected because France has never been interested in promoting democracy in the modern Arab world
The implication that the United States has been promoting democracy in the Middle East is almost too funny for words, given the U.S. record of support of the Shah of Iran, the Saudis, the Gulf emirates, and even Saddam Hussein when he was in a serviceable mode. Friedmans further implication that that is what the Bush administration is aiming at in Iraq is also straightforward official propaganda, as noted above. The business about a real ultimatum and avoidance of war fails to take account of the fact that there were no WMDs and that the Bushies were using all those tricks as an excuse to invade and occupy. The real ultimatum would only have accelerated and put a UN gloss on the invasion that was going to happen no matter what. Friedmans assertion that France just wanted to enhance its status in opposing the Bush program omits several facts and possibilities: one fact is that the French people and most people of the world opposed the Bush policy; the other fact is that the Bush invasion-occupation plan was a planned aggression in violation of the UN Charter. The French were speaking for many governments, most of the worlds people, and for the rule of law. These considerations are of no interest to Friedman, whose suggestion that the French should have joined in to rebuild and asked for a seat at the management table fails to recognize that such cooperation would be sanctioning an unprovoked aggression-occupation. It is also hypocritical in that the Bush team has already shown that, while it might let somebody sit at a management table, they intend to run the show (see Peter Slevin, Reluctance to Share Control in Iraq Leaves U.S. on Its Own, Washington Post, September 28, 2003).
In sum, the diplomatic correspondent for the NYT supports ethnic cleansing and terrorism, but only when done by the United States or one of its clients; he repeatedly supports policies that involve the commission of war crimes, again only when the United States or one of its clients engages in them; he is hostile to real democracy at home or abroad, preferring a plutocracy and sharp market restrictions on popular sovereignty; he assails countries like France for failing to support the United States, always attributing dubious motives to the U.S. opponent, while putting a benevolent and chauvinistic gloss on the objectives and actions of his own country. His analyses of matters such as globalization and the current Iraq crisis are full of rhetoric, contradictions, ideological assumptions, and intellectually they barely make it into the featherweight class. That he is an institution at the NYT, a three-time Pulitzer Prize winner, and is well-regarded elsewhere reflects the degraded state of U.S. mainstream commentary and intellectual life.
Edward S. Herman is an economist, author, and media analyst. His most recent book is Degraded Capability: The Media and the Kosovo Crisis (Pluto Press).
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; email@example.com; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1101 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20004; 202-756-2268; email@example.com; http://www.nfcb.org/.
BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; email@example.com; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; firstname.lastname@example.org http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.socialismconference.org.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: email@example.com; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; email@example.com.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; email@example.com; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: email@example.com; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.