Volume 21, Number 1
2007 Anti-War Protests
Readers & writers
Left Electoral Campaign
Venezuela Referendum Lessons
Darfur PR Scam?
Homegrown Terrorism Act Factsheet
Center for constitutional rights
Wisconsin books to prisoners
Review: "The Bubble"
Words of Choice
Eleanor J. Bader
We Own The World
Largely About Oil
Trade & Ghana
NOTE: Z Magazine subscribers and sustainers have access to all Z Magazine articles here and in the archive. The latest Z Magazine articles available to everyone are listed in the Free Articles box at the top of the table of contents, and are starred in the list below. Questions? e-mail Z Magazine Online.
The Prison Quiz Challenge
1. Approximately how many prisoners are there in the world?
2. Approximately how many prisoners are there in the U.S.?
3. What is the current ratio of prisoners to “free” adults in the U.S.?
a. 1 prisoner per 2,000
b. 1 prisoner per 1,000
c. 1 prisoner per 100
d. 1 prisoner per 50
4. There are now more prisoners in the U.S. than which of the following:
b. police officers
d. all of the above
5. Between 2003-2005, over 1,000 deaths were reported by state and local agencies during arrests. What percentage of those deaths were homicides by law enforcement officers?
6. Of the total 300 million U.S. citizens, around 18% are non-whites. What is the percentage of non-white prisoners?
7. What group is being incarcerated at the fastest rate in the U.S.?
a. African-American men
c. Latin Americans
d. Native Americans
8. Currently, what percentage of prisoners can we expect to be released?
9. What is the percentage of formerly-incarcerated people that are still unemployed after a year?
10. Physical contact only occurs through a security door, when restraints are removed, or the subject is strip-searched. Monitoring is conducted via video cameras and listening devices. Water and light are provided via remote control. All feeding occurs through tray slots. These conditions are typical in:
a. factory farms
b. research labs
c. public schools
d. solitary confinement
11. Are dogs used for “cell extraction” i.e., getting unwilling prisoners out of their cells, in domestic U.S. prisons?
c. only in federal institutions
d. only on Sundays
e. when the dogs are hungry
12. Which crime will get a stiffer sentence?
a. embezzling $5,000,000
b. shoplifting a donut
1. (c) 9,000,000
2. (c) 2,000,000
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics Correctional Surveys 2005
3. (d) 1 prisoner per 50. Actually it is worse, 1 in every 32 adults is now in prison, or 3% of the U.S. adult population, with more than 700 new inmates joining them weekly.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
4. (d) All of the above— a + b + c = 2.5 million.
Sources: a. 960,000 farmers www.epa.gov; b. 840,000 police and detectives, www.bls.gov; c. 735,000 lawyers www.bls.gov
5. (c) Homicides by law enforcement officers made up 55% (1,095) of all deaths during arrests by state and local agencies.
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 10/07 Deaths in Custody Reporting Program NCJ 219534, www.ojp.usdoj.gov
6. (d) More than 60%. For black males in their 20s, 1 in every 8 is in prison or jail on any given day.
Sources: www.cia.gov; www.sentencingproject.org; Pam Oliver’s Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice, UW Sociology website: www. ssc.wisc.edu
7. (b) Women’s prison populations went up 757 percent since 1977. The rapid growth of women’s incarceration at nearly double the rate for men over the past two decades is disproportionately due to the war on drugs.
8. (d) 95%. However, 2 of every 3 adults released will return to prison within 3 years.
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics
9. (d) 60%
Source: WI State Journal. Note: 65% of employers would not hire a person with a criminal record, regardless of the offense.
10. (d) Solitary confinement. Furthermore, exercise in most extended control facilities is limited to 3 to 7 hours (in one-hour intervals) per week, generally in an indoor space or small, secure, attached outdoor space.
Sources: Supermax Prisons: Overview and General Considerations, January 1999/Technical Assistance #98, National Institute of Corrections, U.S. Department of Justice & Kevin Pyle, Lab USA: Illuminated Documents (Brooklyn, New York, Autonomedia, 2001)
11. (b) Policies in Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, South Dakota and Utah allow guards to use “aggressive, unmuzzled” dogs to compel uncooperative inmates to leave their cells. Dogs may be ordered to bite prisoners if they resist.
Source: Human Rights Watch, October 2006, www.hrs.org
12. (b) Steal a 52¢ donut, get 15+ years; steal millions and you get about 4 years.
Source #1: St. Louis Post dispatch, 2007: Scott A. Masters, the “doughnut man,” was accused of shoplifting the pastry and pushing a store worker who tried to stop him. The worker was unhurt. But with that shove, his shoplifting turned into a strong-arm robbery. Masters faces 5 to 15 years in prison for his crime. In fact, because Masters has a prior record, he could get a sentence of 30 years to life.
Source #2: Houston Chronicle, Sept. 28, 2006: Kristen Hays and Tom Fowler. Andrew Fastow, who had conspired to help Enron manipulate earnings while skimming millions of dollars for himself, after pleading guilty to two counts of conspiracy, got 6 years. Fastow could shave up to nearly 2 years from that term with time off for good behavior.
Prepared by Camy Matthay for the Wisconsin Books to Prisoners Project.
Z Magazine Archive
CUBAN 5 - From May 30 to June 5, supporters of the Cuban 5 will gather in Washington DC to raise awareness about the case and to demand a humanitarian solution that will allow the return of these men to their homeland.
Contact: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike- A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides, music, exhibitors, and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; mailbikesnotbombs.org; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in NYC.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduate Center, Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; email@example.com; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16 in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; convention @adc. org http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5-day Seminar at the University of Havana, plus visits to a co-op and educational and medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljustice center.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; email@example.com; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process in the U.S.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from across the continent to learn skills and build one big union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13, the 11th Annual Peacestock will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers, and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www. peacestockvfp.org.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations, and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference.
Contact: email@example.com; http://yeacamp.org/.