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The Secret Air Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
A relentless attack from the air against Iraq and Afghanistan has been going on for years, with the United States conducting an average of 75 to 100 airstrikes in the 2 countries every day. The death toll from these attacks is unknown, but a reasonable estimate is in the range of 100,000 to 150,000 in Iraq, with the number in Afghanistan as yet unexplored. Yet the story of these air wars is almost unknown in the United States. Without access to Iraqi or Afghani sources, it is not possible to offer firsthand accounts of the consequences of the air wars, but it is possible to go to some available sources to get a glimpse of what is happening.
Every day the U.S. Central Command Air Forces (CENTAF) posts on the Internet a public report of their activities. Who knows if these reports are true or accurate, but lets say they are. Theyre pretty horrifying, despite the heroic self-serving language.
For example, a headline from the summary of March 13: Air Controllers Direct Airpower Symphony over Iraq and Air Force Continues Giving 100 Percent. These are standard puff pieces that one would expect from a public relations office and, presumably, they are produced to maintain morale among active and retired military personnel who seem to be the primary audience. Unfortunately, these stories become the grist for the news stories on Iraq and Afghanistan that we see in the daily press.
Leaving aside the blatant propaganda, the daily CENTAF airpower summaries, as they are called, bring a few things into focus about the secret air component of U.S. operations. Heres a sample from the week of March 3-9: In Afghanistan this week 330 close-air-support missions were flown in support of the International Security Assistance Force and Afghan troops.... Meanwhile, In Iraq this week, coalition aircraft flew 327 close-air-support missions for Operation Iraqi Freedom. A Close-Air-Support mission, or CAS, is the term used for Dropping bombs in support of ground troopsalso known as an airstrike.
In other words, according to the Air Forces own numbers, the U.S. during that particular week conducted an average of 93 airstrikes per day in the two countries. For the following week the total was 614 strikes or 87 per day. The week of March 17-23 saw 753 strikes or 107 per day. In the only substantial report to be found in this country in the past year on the air warBombs over Baghdad; The Pentagons Secret Air War in Iraq at the online news source TomDispatchauthor Nick Turse reminds us that these numbers include only the air assaults conducted by the Air Force. They do not include guided missiles and unguided rockets fired, or cannon rounds expended; nor, according to a CENTAF spokesperson, do they take into account the munitions used by some Marine Corps and other coalition aircraft or any of the Armys helicopter gunships. Moreover, they do not include munitions used by the armed helicopters of the many private security contractors flying their own missions in Iraq. Private security contractors is the current euphemism for mercenary soldiers.
The Air Force uses the same words to describe these air strikes: The CAS missions included support to coalition troops, infrastructure protection, reconstruction activities and operations to deter and disrupt terrorist activities. One will almost never see the words killed or casualties in these reports, with a couple of exceptions, to which I will return.
Seven Unreported Airstrikes
During the one-week period of March 3-9 (dates that were randomly selected), the U.S. Air Force reported a total of 327 British/U.S. airstrikes in Iraq and 330 in Afghanistan. Here are some examples of incidents reported in the official Air Forces Daily Airpower Summary, each followed by the same one-word summary of how they were covered in the media:
- March 3, 41 airstrikes in Afghanistan: In Afghanistan March 3, a B-1B Lancer dropped guided bomb unit-31s and GBU-38s on anti-coalition insurgents in an open area near Kajaki. A joint terminal attack controller (JTAC) confirmed direct hits, removing the insurgent threat. Unreported.
- March 4, 41 airstrikes in Afghanistan: In Afghanistan, an Air Force B-1B Lancer dropped guided bomb unit-31s on a building near Sangin containing anti-coalition insurgents. A joint terminal attack controller confirmed a direct hit. Unreported.
- March 5, 45 airstrikes in Iraq: In Iraq, Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons dropped guided bomb unit-38s, destroying an anti-Iraqi insurgent building near Mosul. Unreported.
- March 6, 54 airstrikes in Afghanistan: Near Sangin, Navy F/A- 18s received coordinates for a compound where enemy fire was originating. One of the F/A-18s dropped a guided bomb unit-12 on the compound. A JTAC reported a good hit with an unusually large initial explosion and at least ten secondary explosions, possibly indicating destruction of a weapons cache. Unreported.
- March 7, 57 airstrikes in Afghanistan: In Afghanistan a B-1B Lancer dropped guided bomb unit-38s and GBU-31 Joint Direct Attack Munitions on enemy personnel and a building near Garmsir, in support of Operation Achilles. The on-scene joint terminal attack controller and ground forces observed direct hits. Unreported.
- March 8, 50 airstrikes in Iraq: Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons conducted a pre-planned strike, dropping GBU-31s on a major two-lane road near As Sadah. This engagement was meant to hamper traffic coming in and out of As Sadah City from the north. The strike was successful. Unreported.
- March 9, 45 airstrikes in Iraq: Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt IIs fired cannon rounds at enemies hiding in brush after they engaged with coalition forces near Mahmudiyah. A JTAC reported the cannon rounds were on target. Unreported.
The above research was conducted in mid-March and a check of the nations media for the week ending March 15 did not yield a single reference to U.S. airstrikes in English-language newspapers. This typical week in the U.S. press includes the wire services, National Public Radio, and everywhere else in the daily media.
The Example of Taji
There are a couple of exceptions to the policy of never using the words killed or casualties in the official reports on U.S. airpower in Iraq and Afghanistan. The first exception is when a U.S. airstrike is reported as having killed terrorists. These sorts of reports are often picked up by the corporate media. Here is how one such incident on March 2 in the town of Taji, Iraq was covered in the corporate press. I first learned about this particular airstrike in a report in the official Air Force News (March 7) under the headline Air Strikes Target, Kill al-Qaeda Terrorists near Taji, Iraq. As it turns out, we dont really know that they were terrorists or that they had anything to do with al-Qaeda. The article says that, Coalition forces believe key terrorists were killed during the airstrike. The article points out that the targets in Taji were vehicles and anti-aircraft artillery, which were in an area known for terrorist activities. CENTAF reports that, The strike resulted in the destruction of the vehicle as well as the structure it was parked beside. What structure was that? Someones home, perhaps? An office building? A hospital? Were there people inside? Was it deserted? Well never know.
Unlike the other 67 officially reported U.S. airstrikes in Iraq and Afghanistan that day, the Taji incident did receive some coverage in the U.S. The New York Times, the Washington Post, and the Los Angeles Times dutifully quoted the claim that CENTAF believes key terrorists were killed in the strike.
The NYT reported, Military authorities on [March 3] were still investigating the identities of the gunmen and how many men were killed. This phrasing implies that the only people who may have been killed were men, in fact gunmen. Never considered is the possibility that civilians might have been killed. This despite the Air Forces own reporting that a structure was destroyed, which should at least be worth an inquiry, one might think.
How about the claim that Taji is an area known for terrorist activities? Well, Iraqis certainly may consider it so. The LA Times mentions (in a 76-word brief at the end of an article about something else) that Taji is the site of a major U.S. air base. The Times doesnt say how major it is, but its pretty major. Taji is one of the 14 enduring bases that the U.S. has constructed in Iraq. As such, it is a symbol of the U.S. project of maintaining a more-or-less permanent military presence in that country. Taji is the home of the largest PX in Iraq, which has a Subway, Burger King, and Pizza Hut. In addition, according to the military think-tank GlobalSecurity.org, some portion of the $18.4 billion appropriated by the U.S. Congress to support the reconstruction of Iraqi infrastructure has gone into building renovation; renovation and construction of medical facilities; repair of a wastewater treatment plant, and installation of sewage distribution lines at Camp Taji.
So when the Washington Post reports that Taji is an area where several American helicopters have been shot down in recent weeks, some Iraqis might reasonably see this not as terror, but as a response to terror. Thats surely not what the Air Force public affairs office meant when they referred to Taji as an area known for terrorist activities, but such is news in the upside-down world of war propaganda.
The official version of the events of March 2 is this: the coalition attacked the area from which military officials believe some terrorists, reported to be members of al-Qaeda who are responsible for threats to coalition aircraft, have been launching attacks against the anti-terrorists. Heres how the same story might appear when looked at from another perspective: The worlds most powerful country invades and occupies a sovereign nation, a nation so weak that it poses no serious threat to the superpower. The weaker nation is devastated and resistance to the occupation arises. After some years, the resistance acquires the capacity to respond, with limited success, to some of the violence of the occupation. Since a large part of the violence against the population is coming from airstrikes, the resistance includes anti-aircraft tactics and weapons.
The Grisly Arithmetic of the Air War
U.S. casualties are regularly reported by the Air Force, as in this story from March 5: Air Force Heroes: 20 Fallen Airmen Honored in Afghanistan. University of New Hampshire economist Marc Herold estimates that between 4,851 and 5,684 civilians have died in Afghanistan since the U.S. invasion in 2001, or roughly 900-1,000 per year. Herold admits that these numbers are only the ones that can be verified and as such remain a gross underestimate. In a graphic illustration of how the ongoing military campaign in Afghanistan has fallen out of the public consciousness, Herolds numbers remain unpublished in this country and have only found publication in the January 13 issue of the Indian magazine the Hindu.
Reports in the daily press on civilian deaths in Iraq are far more common, but only certain deaths appear to be newsworthy. The New York Times published a report on the violence in Iraq on March 19, the fourth anniversary of the U.S. invasion of that country, saying, While no single event stood out [on the anniversary], the day was in many ways emblematic of the violence that Iraqis suffer dailytwo car bombs, several assassinations, at least one kidnapping and a number of other bombings. In the world as seen by the Times, the violence that Iraqis suffer daily apparently does not include the 67 airstrikes that the Air Force reports were conducted in Iraq on Monday, March 19.
Looking outside this blind spot, the 2006 report Mortality After the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: A Cross-sectional Cluster Sample Survey from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, published in the October 2006 issue of the British medical journal the Lancet, remains the best estimate of the number of people who have died in Iraqviolently and otherwiseas a result of the U.S. invasion and occupation.
As Nick Turse tells us in Bombs Over Baghdad, the Lancet report estimated 655,000 excess Iraqi deaths as a consequence of the war. The study...found that from March 2003 to June 2006, 13 percent of violent deaths in Iraq were caused by coalition air strikes. If the 655,000 figure, including over 601,000 violent deaths, is anywhere close to accurateand the study offered a possible range of civilian deaths that ran from 392,979 to 942,636this would equal approximately 78,133 Iraqis killed by bombs, missiles, rockets, or cannon rounds from coalition aircraft between March 2003, when the invasion of Iraq began, and last June when the study concluded. Turse adds that, According to statistics provided to TomDispatch by the Lancet studys authors, 50 percent of all violent deaths of Iraqi children under 15 years of age, between March 2003 and June 2006, were due to coalition air strikes.
Here, then, are the final rough numbers: Every day, between 50 and 100 Iraqis die as a result of coalition airstrikes. Every airstrike kills, on average, one Iraqi, and wounds three more. Updating the numbers from the Lancet study, we discover that overall, since the U.S. invaded Iraq, somewhere between 102,180 and 147,051 Iraqis have been killed by U.S. airstrikes alone. Between 306,540 and 441,153 have been wounded.
On the last Saturday in March, according to the Air Force, 111 airstrikes were launched by the U.S. Air Force in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Friday before that, 107. On Thursday, 118. This airpower symphony will go on until activists and other citizens understand how one of the lessons of Vietnam is being applied here. A February poll of Americans taken by the Associated Press showed, The median estimate of Iraqi deaths was 9,890. That is, the guess of about half of the poll respondents as to the number of Iraqis killed since Operation Iraqi Freedom began is at most about 2 percent of the actual number. Their guess is maybe 10 percent of the number killed by U.S. bombs, in an air war that most respondents have likely never heard of.
Attempts to conceal wartime realities are standard and predictable on the part of a government engaged in an unpopular military campaign. This is why it is so crucial to have an independent and skeptical press that will go beyond reporting the statements of officials to do a little investigating of the hideous aspects that are being screened. As Turse reminds us, While we will undoubtedly never know the full extent of the human costs of the U.S. air campaign, just a few dogged reporters assigned to the air-power beat might, at the very least, have offered some sense of this one-sided air war.
With 75 to 100 airstrikes every day and 100,000 to 150,000 innocents dead, could a state-run media do a better job of screening from the public gaze the hideous aspects of the U.S. air wars in Iraq and Afghanistan?
Minneapolis freelance writer and activist Jeff Nygaard publishes an email newsletter called Nygaard Notes.
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AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; email@example.com; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
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BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; email@example.com; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; firstname.lastname@example.org http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
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NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
Contact: 164 Robles Way, #276, Vallejo, CA 94591; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.netrootsnation.org/.
MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
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LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: email@example.com; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; email@example.com.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; email@example.com; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: email@example.com; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.