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The Story of Julio Cesar Gallegos
I t was at approximately 9:00 AM on August 13, 1998 that Ralph Smith, the Deputy Coroner for California’s Imperial County, received the phone call. One hour and forty-five minutes earlier, a ranch foreperson passing through a United States Border Patrol checkpoint on Highway 86 had informed agents that there was a group of people in trouble in the desert about eight miles south of the road. Using an airplane and some agents on the ground, the Border Patrol located the group of 7 individuals, huddled together under a clump of salt cedar trees about 25 miles north of the U.S.-Mexico boundary. But they were no longer in distress. They were dead.
One of the dead was Julio Cesar Gallegos, father of a two-year-old boy, Julio Jr., whose photo the authorities found in his clutched hand. Gallegos lived in East Los Angeles with his wife, Jackie. He worked in the nearby City of Industry at a Chinese frozen food factory. The 23-year-old was on his way home from a visit to Mexico.
According to Smith’s report, Gallegos’s body, like the rest, was mummified, and so severely decomposed that his eyes were destroyed. There was no evidence on his body of any foul play. Photos showed bodies that were pitch black, ones that looked like they had been charred.
It would reach 108 degrees at the height of the day in El Centro, where Smith’s office and the local Border Patrol headquarters are located. On the desert floor where Gallegos lay, it would be considerably hotter. By 11:00 AM, as the coroner’s office was collecting the bodies, it was already 120 degrees.
How Julio Cesar Gallegos ended up dead in the scorched expanse of the southern California desert is a manifestation of two paradoxical, yet complementary trends in the age of the North American Free Trade Agreement. The first involves the ever-more intense socio-economic ties between the United States and Mexico (and beyond). The second is a U.S. boundary enforcement apparatus along the international divide with Mexico whose strength is rapidly growing.
Julio Cesar Gallegos was born on September 14, 1974 in Juchipila, a town of about 10,000 people that has many of the features one would find in many small U.S. towns in the Southwest. Cowboy and baseball hats are the headwear of choice for men and boys. As for women and girls, the clothing styles are similar to those that one sees on many streets in Southern California. Its population is, in many ways, far more representative of the geographical diversity of the United States than one would expect to find in any U.S. town of a similar size. License plates from states like Oregon, Georgia, New Jersey, Nevada, and California adorn local vehicles.
In 2002, the town’s annual fair featured, as always, a rodeo, complete with bull riding and young cowgirls doing trick riding. In this post-9/11 era, the fiesta included a public lecture on anthrax and biological warfare.
of this seemingly mundane phenomena would be noteworthy were Juchipila
not located in the state of Zacatecas in Central Mexico. Mirroring
the migratory nature of the state as a whole, it is estimated that
the number of Juchipilans living in the United States exceeds the
population of Juchipila. They are scattered all over the United
States, the largest number of them live in Inglewood, a small city
adjacent to Los Angeles.
Florentino Gallegos paved the way for Julio, his youngest child, to travel to Southern California. Now 82 years old and residing in Juchipila, Florentino first traveled to California in 1937 as a teenager. He spent most of his time working in the state’s agricultural fields, canneries, and railroad yards, while typically returning for a few months each year to his family in Mexico. Julio also wanted to follow in the footsteps of his older brother, Florentino Jr. With the death of his mother, he perceived no reason to stay in his sleepy hometown, one with little economic activity.
Florentino took Julio to Tijuana, where he bought a false green card. Florentino—by that time he had long been a permanent resident of the United States—passed through the official port of entry and Julio followed behind.
Arriving in Inglewood in 1993, Julio stayed with his half-brother, Jesús, who had lived in the United States since 1965. Now a U.S. citizen, Jesús owns his own home—in Inglewood—and has a successful lawn-care business. He does much of his work in Beverly Hills.
Through another half-brother living in Los Angeles, Julio soon got a job working at a traveling carnival—one that goes almost exclusively to Latino neighborhoods in Southern California.
Soon after he started working there, he met Jacqueline Murillo. Jackie, a U.S.-born Mexican American, grew up in the Boyle Heights section of East Los Angeles. In mid-1994, they started going out and got married about a year later. In early 1996, Jackie gave birth to their son, Julio Jr.
Not long thereafter, before Julio and Jackie had saved sufficient funds to cover the costs of regularizing his immigration status—that year’s federal tax refund would have given them enough—Julio had to go back to Juchipila to take care of some personal matters. That was in January 1998. He tried to return through Tijuana/San Diego in July of that year, but matters along the boundary had changed tremendously since the early 1990s when it was relatively easy to cross without authorization. The Border Patrol apprehended him on four separate occasions. So, along with his 16-year-old niece, and a 20-year-old cousin, the “coyotes” (or smugglers), and some other migrants, they went east to the desert and crossed into California there.
A few weeks later, the Border Patrol found Julio’s body— along with those of his niece, cousin, and four others (two of whom turned out to be the smugglers).
The tragedy generated a good deal of coverage in the news media in Southern California. As has become routine, the deaths elicited official expressions of sorrow as well as outrage directed at professional smugglers for allegedly leading migrants into deadly environments.
But such official finger-pointing diverts attention from the fact that the fatalities are the inevitable outcome of a lethal political charade—one in which the U.S. federal government provides ever greater amounts of boundary enforcement resources in full knowledge that they will not significantly reduce overall levels of unauthorized immigration, but will have increasingly deadly consequences for migrants. It is conservatively estimated that between January 1995 and October 2003, over 2,700 migrants died while trying to beat the enforcement net. Despite much-touted efforts by U.S. and Mexican authorities to warn would-be migrants of the dangers of crossing, and increasing search-and-rescue missions in hazardous areas, there has not been a significant reduction in the death toll. Indeed, crossing seems to have become only more dangerous, with June 2002 being the deadliest month on record in terms of the number of fatalities.
Although crossing-related migrant deaths have long occurred—the first ones happening in the late 1800s when many unauthorized Chinese immigrants died while trying to circumvent boundary enforcement resulting from the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act—there has been a significant increase since the mid-1990s. This is when the Clinton administration began to intensify boundary enforcement, promising to restore the rule of law to the border region. It was a time of economic recession as well as anti-immigrant bravado by Republican politicians and many of their Democratic counterparts eager to curry favor with an increasingly anxious electorate receptive to scapegoating of the poor, non-white, and “illegal.”
As a result, the number of Border Patrol agents rapidly expanded from 4,200 in Fiscal Year (FY) 1994 to 9,212 agents at the end of FY 2000. In Southern California alone, the number of Border Patrol agents grew from 980 in mid-1994 to 2,264 agents four years later. During the same period, the amount of fencing and/or walls along the boundary in the region increased from 19 to more than 45 miles in length, the number of underground sensors rose from 448 to 1,214, and the number of infrared scopes grew from 12 to 59. The infusion of such resources across the southern boundary undoubtedly has made it more difficult to cross clandestinely—especially in urbanized areas where the resources are concentrated.
U.S. officials predicted that the “territorial denial” strategies embodied by Operation Gatekeeper in Southern California and similar operations in the Southwest would discourage many migrants from crossing into more urbanized zones. The concerted operations, they promised, would push migrants into mountain and desert areas where they would rationally decide to forgo the risks and return home.
But although the strategy has pushed crossers away from urbanized areas and curtailed short-term and local unauthorized migrants, it has not significantly diminished the crossings by long-distance or long-term migrants. A report by the U.S. General Accounting Office from August 2001 found “no clear indication” that unauthorized crossings have declined despite the massive infusion of enforcement-related resources since 1994. Instead, migrants are relying increasingly on costly smugglers and taking greater risks. As a result, countless migrants are still successfully beating the enforcement web. But many more are also dying.
In the face of so many fatalities, U.S. officials express incredulity that migrants continue to cross. As former Immigration and Naturalization Service Commissioner Doris Meissner asked upon ending her tenure in November 2000, “What drives people from one place to somewhere else, taking all kinds of risks? It’s one of the fundamental questions of our time.”
Several years earlier, Meissner had provided an answer to the question. As she admitted to Congress in November 1993 while trying to sell the benefits of free trade, “Responding to the likely short-to-medium-term impacts of NAFTA will require strengthening our enforcement efforts along the border.” In other words, the liberalization of Mexico’s economy intensifies migratory pressures among those displaced in the name of economic efficiency, which, in turn, requires an increase in boundary policing.
In addition to the migration induced by NAFTA-like forces, myriad reasons—ranging from grinding poverty at home to the profound socio-economic ties and growing inequality between the United States and its southern neighbors—explain why unauthorized migrants continue to traverse the U.S-Mexico boundary. At the same time, U.S. capital’s voracious appetite for highly exploitable labor attracts undocumented migrants, whose presence is widely accepted at the highest levels of society.
Such factors, combined with the will of unauthorized migrants to pursue their basic human rights to work, to maintain their families, and to have an adequate standard of living, make unauthorized immigration inevitable. Increases in the boundary and immigration enforcement budget will do nothing to change this. To pretend and behave otherwise is to effectively sentence hundreds of migrants to death each year.
There are vociferous critics of the boundary build-up—most prominently, various immigrant and human rights organizations, some religious bodies and a handful of academics—who highlight migrant deaths as a reason why the current strategy is wrongheaded. But more often than not they share some of the key mainstream assumptions that underlie immigration control. As a result, they almost never call into question boundary and immigration enforcement itself. To the contrary, they have often explicitly affirmed Washington’s “right” to regulate the country’s boundaries. Implicit in such calls is that boundary enforcement, if it is to occur, should not put migrants in mortal danger—at least, not to the extent that it does currently. Hence, those who criticize the new strategy for reasons of heightened migrant fatalities implicitly allow as a potential solution a radical increase in resources dedicated to boundary policing—the idea being that one could make the enforcement web so effective that migrants could not cross the boundary without authorization and put themselves in harm’s way trying to do so. Similarly, they do not forestall intense policing in the country’s interior as a substitute for boundary enforcement.
In terms of Mexico (and, increasingly, much of Latin America), the United States has helped to create the very conditions fueling out-migration, while the political establishment and business interests have long collaborated in various ways to recruit and employ undocumented immigrant labor. Such factors, combined with the historic wrongs associated with the conquest and dispossession of the land and peoples of what is today the U.S. Southwest, obligates those of us in the United States to embrace migrants from “south of the border,” not repel them. At the same time, we need to appreciate that immigration is often the result of the breakdown of political, economic, and social systems, as well as institutionalized injustice. As such, we need to work at home and abroad in solidarity with those who suffer the consequences of such instability to redress this phenomena—especially to the extent that the policies and practices of the rich and powerful in the United States help bring them about. This would prove to be a far more humane and effective method for addressing the myriad factors that lead people to migrate than continuing to fortify the territorial boundaries between “us” and “them.”
Beyond commitments incurred by historical injustices and concrete social ties, there are even larger moral and political obligations. Given the gross socioeconomic disparities and associated insecurity that plague many countries, international freedom of movement is an absolute necessity from a social justice and a human rights perspective. How, for example, can one meaningfully have the human right to work, to free choice of employment, if one does not have mobility (in a legal sense)? And how significant is the human right to an adequate standard of living if one does not have the right, through movement across boundaries, to access the resources needed to realize that standard? It is for such reasons that efforts to achieve a just world must champion freedom of movement and residence for all peoples.
On July 22, 2002, Jackie, Andrew, Julio Jr., Doña Maria (Jackie’s mother), and Tino—along with other members of their extended family—drove down to Tijuana. Catholic priests and volunteers associated with Tijuana’s Casa del Migrante, a migrant shelter, were also present. They were there to remember Julio Cesar—about four years after he left Tijuana for Mexicali. On the wall, was a cross with his name, joining many hundreds of other crosses memorializing migrants who have died since the mid-1990s while trying to enter the United States.
“I always feared that people would forget him,” his brother Tino admitted after a brief, but very moving ceremony. “Now I know that he is remembered.” Jackie cried as she thanked all those in attendance for coming. After the ceremony, the volunteers from Casa del Migrante paid their respects to the family. The first one, a young woman, embraced Jackie, telling her that she had lost her father only two years earlier.
“It’s so beautiful,” Jackie said afterwards in reference to all the crosses, “that these people have made this memorial.”
Jackie watched as Tino played with her sons, picking each of them up and throwing them in the air as they squealed with delight. Her look was one of happiness and sorrow. “I wish they had a father to do such things with them.”
Andrew—not even four at the time—had little idea why he was there. Julio Jr., then in the first grade, remembers his father and still today frequently invokes him. He already knows how to read. When he saw the words “Julio Cesar Gallegos” on the cross, he asked his mother, “Is my daddy here?”
Mizue Aizeki is an activist and freelance photographer based in Poughkeepsie, New York. Joseph Nevins teaches geography at Vassar College and is the author of Operation Gatekeeper: The Rise of the “Illegal Alien” and the Making of the U.S.-Mexico Boundary .
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: email@example.com; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; email@example.com; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
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BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; email@example.com; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; email@example.com http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
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MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
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LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; email@example.com; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: email@example.com; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
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SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; firstname.lastname@example.org.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; email@example.com; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; email@example.com; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.