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U.S. military expansion in Eastern Europe
During what most of the world considered a Cold War thaw, in 1992 Pentagon hawks set about devising long-term plans to permanently freeze out their opponents. Central to their plan was securing the buffer zone around the former USSR, namely in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Eastern Europe.
A draft of the Bush Sr. administrations Defense Planning Guidance, leaked to the New York Times, outlined the Wolfowitz-Cheney-Libby cabals plans for the United States to prevail as the worlds sole superpower.
For the first time, unilateral and pre-emptive action was mentioned as viable defense policy. The document also promoted the world policeman concept, encouraging the United States to engage in conflict even if its own security interests were not at risk, based on bilateral agreements rather than international treaties brokered by the UN or NATO.
In particular, the document extended security guarantees to the newly exposed Eastern Bloc as a way to ensure U.S. dominance in a previously off-limits region. One decade later, these guidelineshighly criticized at the timehave come to fruition under Bush Jr.s 2002 National Security Strategy. With NATO now buttressing the Russian Federations borders, East-West rivalry has reached the final frontier. Yet the U.S. military is taking it one step further, proposing bases in Poland and the Czech Republic equipped with anti-missile defense radar and interceptor missiles in the next five years.
Ever since the days of Marco Polo, the Balkans and Caucasus have provided successive empires with fields and fodder for their battles. But these days, the value lies underground, with 17-49 billion barrels of proven oil reserves in the Caspian Sea region alone. With 737 overseas military bases, the Pentagons chain now stretches from Kosovo to Kazakhstan, from the Black Sea to the Baltic. One can connect the dots between the bases along several pipeline routes due to be constructed in the region in the next few years. Long in the making, nefarious in the taking, its the Bush dynastys plan for what every empire has attempted, yet failedtotal world domination. But this time, the world is not enough. Outer space is part of the package.
One of Bushs first acts as Commander-in-Chief was to dismantle several World War II-era military bases dotting the globe, most significantly, in Western Europe. With the exception of Rammstein, Germany, a home away from home for thousands of GIs, and jointly-run NATO bases across the continent, Bush washed his hands of Old Europe. Troops and installations were thus moved around the world to match the new geo-strategic needs of Bushs war on terror.
The Pentagons new strategy calls for light and simple bases, to be used only when and as needed. Yet the forward force projection bases cover more territory, in more hostile regions than imagined by previous Administrations. Minimally staffed and equipped, these lily pads are nonetheless ready for mobilization at a moments notice.
On May 2 the Romanian Parliament quietly approved a formality allowing U.S. troops on Romanian soil, an undebated and under-reported development with major implications for the region. Due to a December 2005 agreement between Condoleezza Rice and Romanian President Traian Basescu, 4 bases will host up to 3,000 U.S. Army and Air Force troops, which until now have existed in small numbers at the Mihail Kogalniceanu Air Force Base near the Black Sea port of Constanta.
The U.S. military intends to set up an eastern branch of its Joint Task Force European Command Center at Constanta. This particular base has already proven useful to the Bush administration, providing a last-minute mobilization point for troops and equipment en route to Iraq in 2003, due to Turkeys refusal to allow its bases for that purpose.
The Romanian-U.S. flirtation deepened after the Iraq war began when Romania joined the coalition of the willing. And it wasnt in vain. Washington pushed for Romania and Bulgaria to join NATO, and join they did, along with Slovenia, Slovakia, and the Baltic States, in 2004.
According to a press attaché at the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, joining NATO was more important for the regions security and integration than joining the EU in 2007. The Ministrys press office states, The presence of the United States forces on Romanian soil implicitly underlines the strategic role and position of Romania within South-East Europe. [It] projects a more visible presence of Romania in the international arena [and] attaches new values to the Romania-U.S. Strategic Partnership.
In addition to Romania, the Pentagon has also contracted four bases in Bulgaria. The Bezmer Air Base is considered by Foreign Policy to be one of the militarys six most strategic in the world. As in Romania, the government has no jurisdiction over the base, or authority over the U.S. soldiers living there. Though the Bulgarian government has requested notification if the bases are to be used in a conflict, the U.S. military is under no obligation to listen to objections.
Cornel Codita, dean of the International Relations program at Bucharests National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, says that the U.S. presence in the Warsaw pact countries reflects the irrelevance of the East-West power structure. So while NATO makes use of its new Eastern European territory, those countries are also looking eastward to new areas of exploitation in the name of crisis management.
The area of the larger Middle East, and Central Asia, between China and Russia is becoming more strategic, Codita points out. This is big politics. We as allies within NATO have an interest in keeping that region out of strong conflict situation. Then this kind of [military] infrastructure will be useful.
But as people from Vieques to Okinawa have found out, the costs of hosting a U.S. base are greater and certainly more tangible than the benefits. Though the Pentagon pays for operating costs, they do not compensate their NATO partners for the use of land and facilities. While the Romanian government looks forward to the infrastructure improvements the Americans will coordinate (with care to award contracts to certain well-oiled companies, including KBR and Raytheon), perhaps theyre not as concerned with the Pentagons track record when it comes to the environment. The initial agreement for these temporary bases is ten years. Yet, the heavy artillery shelling, bomber and transport jets, and other military paraphernalia will leave a legacy for centuries.
The Pentagon is delighted with the desert and rocky terrain in the Black Sea region, similar to that of Afghanistan. Whats more, the aura of secrecy shrouding official operations in Romania makes it an ideal destination for holding prisoners of the war on terror.
A Council of Europe (CoE) report released in June details, in the most serious and specific terms yet, the CIAs system of abduction, transfer, and detention of terror suspects. According to the CoEthe European Unions official watchdog groupthe CIAs high value detainee program involves over a dozen countries. Egypt, Morocco, and Uzbekistan are among the usual suspects when it comes to violating human rights; Sweden, Germany, and Icelands role in allowing the CIA rendition flights to refuel or transfer prisoners on their territory is more startling.
The rendition, abduction and detention of terrorist suspects have always taken place outside the territory of the United States, where such actions would no doubt have been ruled unlawful and unconstitutional, writes Swiss Senator Dick Marty, the reports chief investigator. This export of illegal activities overseas is all the more shocking in that it shows fundamental contempt for the countries on whose territories it was decided to commit the relevant acts.
The CIA went to great lengths to disguise the transfers, using bogus flight paths and obfuscating data. Only by cross matching known CIA aircraft with discrepancies in flight data and eyewitness reports was the CoE team able to deduce the actual destinations, which they claim included countries in Eastern Europe.
Due to the ultra-secrecy of the illegal program, U.S. and European security officials quoted in the report remain anonymous. No concrete evidence of the prisons has ever been released, though their existence in Eastern Europe has been known since separate Human Rights Watch and ABC News investigations in 2005. President Bush even admitted as much, without disclosing the exact locations of the prisons. Suspicions that they were in some sinister communist-era enclave focused the spotlight on Romania and Poland.
Kai Frithjof Brand-Jacobsen, director of the Peace Action Training and Research Institute of Romania (PATRIR) and author of several books on peace studies, says, Given Romanias own historical experiences of brutal and violent repression and use of torture against citizens by an authoritarian regime, Romanias believed participation in this U.S.-run torture network, if true, is one of the greatest betrayals by the regime to the cause of human rights, democracy and freedom in Romania and internationally.
The Council of Europe report corroborates claims that top-level officials in both countries were aware of the CIAs operations. Yet, in Romania, rather than sparking public outcry, the report was effectively buried by sharp- eyed critics who noticed that the authors confused the name of the countrys first president. Romanian lawmakers have pulled out of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) to demonstrate their disagreement with the reports findings.
If one looks at the roster, the coalition of the willing has some surprising combinations. Denmark? Bulgaria? Japan? Other than a stated commitment to fighting terrorism, and unstated desires to secure trade relations with the U.S., these countries have one thing in common. They are all owed substantial debt by Iraq. During the 1980s, Sadaam Hussein borrowed from communist and non-aligned countries to fund his war with Iran. After an initial reduction from $125 billion, latest estimates indicate that Iraq owes between $50-62 billion to 32 countries, not to mention the IMF/World Bank and a cartel of creditors called the Paris Club. Coincidentally, 14 of the 49 countries involved in the coalition of the willing were creditors to Iraq. Cash-strapped nations like Romania and Bulgaria are seeking to recoup some benefits through cooperation with the U.S. military, whether thats in cash or contracts. President [Bush] clearly and firmly stated that the countries which helped in the joint effort are to be in the first places to get their money back, former Bulgarian Prime Minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg Gotha told the press shortly before the Iraq invasion. Iraq owes Bulgaria $4 billion.
In response to U.S. pressure to waive Iraqs $2.6 billion liability to Romania, former Foreign Minister Razvan Ungureanu said in February 2005, Were not trying to take the money out in bulk, but gradually. If there is a possibility of creating an investment fund that would help major Romanian companies to invest in the Iraqi economy...it would help us a lot.
The Boston Globe reports Polands foreign minister telling Polish radio in 2003 that he would like to recover its $700 million debt not necessarily in cash, but, if possible, by more permanent participation in the Iraqi economy, to the benefit of both countries. More accurately, to the benefit of the Polish corporations.
At a summit meeting in Sharm-al-Sheik, Egypt in early May, Iraqi representatives met with their creditors to discuss the countrys reconstruction and debt reduction. Though Russia and Kuwait refused to change their stance, the Paris Clubthrough the imposition of an IMF programcommitted to an 80 percent reduction in arrears, pressuring other countries to follow suit.
Justin Alexander, founder of Jubilee Iraq, a coalition dedicated to eliminating Iraqs debts, points out that the people of Iraq have no responsibility to pay loans made to a dictator. It is particularly inexcusable for creditor countries who are now part of the occupation of Iraq to retain claims on loans they made in the past to bolster Saddams regime, says Alexander.
Since U.S. plans for Eastern European missile defense bases were revealed in January, the possibility of a renewed arms race is on the horizon. Nothing illustrates the unabashed militarism of the United States better than the $100 billion (and counting) anti-ballistic missile defense (ABMD) shield. Also known as Star Wars, the idea is to destroy missiles, ostensibly headed for the United States from Iran or North Korea, while theyre still in the upper stratosphere.
As Victoria Samson of the Center for Defense Information (CDI) wrote in a June 13 op-ed in the Prague Post, ABMD is the latest Pentagon snake oil a costly, destabilizing and unproven system. According to CDI, out of 11 highly scripted missile interception tests, only 6 were successful.
Nevertheless, in Russian eyes, the presence of U.S. military installations so close to their borders would make it necessary to defend itself. At the end of April, Russian President Vladimir Putin called for a moratorium on the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) treaty, which limits troops and military hardware on the NATO-Russia border. Shock waves rippled across Europes 27 NATO countries, which realized theyd be first targets should Russia decide to retaliate.
Ahead of Junes G8 summit, Putin said U.S. missiles in Eastern Europe would be provocation to aim its own warheads at NATO targets, Russias Novosti reports. [The missile shield is] designed as protection against something that does not exist.... [It] changes the configuration of international security, Putin said. If part of the U.S.s strategic nuclear arsenal is located in Europe and our military experts find that it poses a threat to Russia, we will have to take appropriate retaliatory steps.
From its own behavior, it seems as if U.S.-led NATO views Cold War-era treaties as irrelevantviolating a mutual agreement with Russia that NATO bases wouldnt be placed in new member states (i.e., Warsaw Pact countries) and going so far as to include missile launchers and radar capacities at those bases. NATO has played down Russias hard talk, saying the 1987 CFE treaty is outdated, no longer reflecting current geopolitics. The United States already withdrew from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty six years ago in order to implement the global missile shield.
After Russia successfully tested an intercontinental missile capable of penetrating the defense shield in late May, Bush went on a personal defensive, offering Russian scientists a place on the missile shields R&D team. Instead, Putin made a surprise offer to place the installations at a Russian base in Azerbaijan. After all, the Russian president said, thats a more strategic place for thwarting nearby Irans supposed nuclear ambitions.
While the United States remains deaf and dumb to global opposition to militarizing space, citizens in Czech Republic have mounted a strong challenge to the Pentagons proposal for an ABM radar base in their country. Two-thirds of polled Czech citizens are against the son of Star Wars base and let their displeasure be known at a protest outside Bushs pre-G8 speech at Prague Castle. Speaking, ironically, on the subject of liberty versus tyranny, Bush remarked later to the press that Czechs are no longer caught between the Cold War superpowers. They can make their own decisions, he said.The people of the Czech Republic dont have to choose to be friends with the Russians or friends with Americans, said Bush. They can be friends with both of us.
Bushs overture didnt sway citizen opposition to ABM. Shortly after Bush departed for the G8, referenda were held in the Bohemian villages surrounding the proposed base sites. An overwhelming majority voted against the bases, yet the Czech government continues to turn a blind eye to the peoples willtruly a triumph for liberty over tyranny.
If the government still continues the negotiations with the U.S., even though the majority of people oppose this plan, this means that we do not live in a really democratic country, but we live in a dictatorship, comments Jan Tamas, a Czech humanist and leader of an umbrella organization opposing the bases.
The Czech Republics geography and history might be the determining factors in its current foreign policy. After the 1968 Soviet occupation and years of pro-Soviet puppet dictatorship, Czechs are still wary of Russian hegemony. Yet the promise of European Union prosperity hasnt panned out the way Czechs imagined when they joined the EU four years ago, with its economy stagnating after an initial boom, negotiating with the Americans might be the velveteen way to snub the European Union.
Despite the Czech prime ministers claim that cooperation with the Pentagon will lead to more jobs and investment in the science and technology sector, Tamas questions why a missile defense base is necessary at all, anywhere in the world. Instead of protecting their NATO allies, the U.S. presence in Europe, if anything, makes it a target, says Tamas. While an attack on the Czech Republic is quite low, he says the countrys sovereignty is under threat by cooperating with the United States.
One could look at it as Czech becoming a new U.S. colony, Tamas says. We would become part of U.S. foreign policy without having any real way of influencing it. As a result we would not be able to pursue our own foreign policy or that of Europe, if such policies would not be in line with the U.S.
Whether its for bases, prisons, or pipelines, the United States has made Eastern Europe the front line for its imperialist ambitions. In a region where the American dream kept people going through decades of oppression, the alarm bells are sounding.
Elise Hugus is a freelance journalist exploring the countries of the new European Union.
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
Contact: PNLHA, 27920 68th Ave. East, Graham, WA 98338; 206-406-2604; PNLHA1@aol.com; http://www3.telus.net.
MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
Contact: email@example.com; https://nato5support.wordpress.com.
MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
Contact: WisCon, ? SF3, PO Box 1624, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.wiscon.info/.
ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
Contact: SWCHRS, 3200 Marshall Avenue, Suite 290, Norman, OK 73072; 405-325-3694; email@example.com; www.ncore.ou.edu.
MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
Contact: 1101 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20004; 202-756-2268; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.nfcb.org/.
BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; email@example.com; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
Contact: 122 State Street, Suite 405 B, Madison, WI 53701; firstname.lastname@example.org; http://veganfest.org/.
ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
Contact: 1990 M Street, Suite 610, Washington, DC, 20036; 202-244-2990; email@example.com http://convention.adc.org/.
CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
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MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
Contact: 4126 Third Street, Detroit, MI 48201; http://alliedmedia.org/.
GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.socialismconference.org.
LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; email@example.com; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.childrensdefense.org.
ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
Contact: email@example.com; http://yeacamp.org/.
LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
Contact: 121 West 27th Street, #301, New York, NY 10001; 212-627-0444; email@example.com; http://www.madre.org.
SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; firstname.lastname@example.org.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; email@example.com; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; email@example.com; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.