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U.S. War Plans & the Saudi Arabia Debate
This summer, the Rand Corporation gave a secret briefing at the Pentagon on a certain Middle East country. The briefing labeled the country under discussion an enemy of the U.S., active at every level of the terror chain. It recommended aggressive U.S. actions in response. This briefing might well have passed unnoticed, given the U.S. governments near-daily warnings of another new terrorist threat. But instead it created big waves in the media because the country being accused was not one of the usual axis of evil suspects of the Bush administration, like Iran or Iraq. The subject of this briefing was Saudi Arabialong a reliable and valued client state.
In the wake of September 11, and with war looming over the Persian Gulf, an unprecedented debate has broken out within the U.S. ruling class over its relationship with Saudi Arabia and Saudi Arabias role in the global order. For over six decades, protecting the corrupt and oppressive Saudi state has been a pillar of U.S. strategy. Until September 2001, criticism of the Saudi royal family was practically nonexistent in the U.S. media and Saudi loyalty to the U.S. was never questioned. The trigger for the recent barrage of U.S. criticism was September 11:15 of the 19 reputed hijackers were Saudis, as is Osama bin Laden. But the U.S. complaints go beyond Saudi connections to September 11.
The kingdom has been accused of being soft on terrorismor even funding terror and promoting anti-U.S. hatred via Saudi-supported Islamic schools across the region. The Wall Street Journal editorialized, President Bush has said repeatedly that countries must decide whether they are for us or against us in the war on terrorism. So far, Saudi Arabia hasnt made up its mind.
U.S. military commanders complain that war preparations are being hindered because Saudi Arabia has balked at supporting a war on Iraq and has imposed restrictions on U.S. forces operating there. The New York Times reports a growing impatience among some segments of influential opinion that the United States should take a much tougher line toward Saudi Arabia, despite its status as a longtime ally.
Some of this criticism is clearly designed to strong-arm the Saudis into more fully supporting the U.S. moves against Iraq and the overall war on terror. The Bush administration has distanced itself from the harshest criticisms of Saudi Arabia and the Saudis quietly told the Bush administration that they would ramp up oil production when the fighting starts to keep supplies flowing and prices under control.
But so far the Saudis havent fully come around. After having said that they would support a U.S. war if the necessary UN resolutions were cooked up, in early November the kingdoms foreign minister stated that bases on Saudi soil could not be used for an attack on IraqUN resolutions or no UN resolutions.
The Saudi-U.S. dispute is over much more than war on Iraq. This debate, and Saudi Arabias flip-flops on the war, reflect the sharp contradictions roiling Saudi Arabia and the Middle East, and the U.S.s wildly ambitious, nakedly imperialist, plans for dealing with them. These plans start with war on Iraq, but dont end there. Rather, Americas rulers are scheming to then move to crush a host of anti-U.S. forces and redraw the regions political mappossibly including Saudi Arabia. To get a sense of the enormity of U.S. goals in the Middle East and the risks U.S. elites might be willing to take to achieve them, consider the huge stakes they have in Saudi Arabia. This has been a long and toxic relationship. The royal kingdom is economically, politically, and militarily dependent on the U.S. for its functioning and survival and the U.S. in turn extracts enormous benefits from its dominance of Saudi Arabia.
Oil is vital to the running of capitalist economies and modern armies and is a source of enormous profit and strategic power. Saudi Arabia sits on the worlds largest pool of oilsome 260 billion barrels, or a fourth of the entire world total. Saudi Arabia pumps more oil than any other country and it can quickly increase or decrease output to drive oil prices up or down. This gives the U.S. great leverage over the world oil market.
Adding to its strategic significance is Saudi Arabias locationat the center of the regions oil fields, along the petroleum transit routes of the Persian Gulf, and next door to Iraq. The U.S. basically ran the 1991 Gulf War from bases in Saudi Arabia. These bases are still occupied by 4,000 to 5,000 U.S. troops and are the launching pads for U.S. and British air patrols and strikes over the no fly zone in Iraq. Last year, the U.S. directed its air war in Afghanistan from the Prince Sultan Airbase.
Saudi Arabia has carried out many dirty deeds for U.S. interests around the worldfrom helping to fund Nicaraguas counter-revolutionary contras in the 1980s to underwriting the 1991 Gulf War to the tune of $50-$60 billion. The Saudis have also wielded their financial and political influence against the emergence of a revolutionary movement in Palestine.
Roots of the Saudi Crisis
In recent years U.S. domination of the regionand especially its military presencehas increasingly inflamed anti-U.S. sentiments in Saudi Arabia and intensified deep stresses within Saudi society. These developments are limiting the Saudi rulers maneuvering room, forcing them to publicly distance themselves from U.S. positions in the region and raising U.S. concerns about Saudi Arabias stability and reliability.
The growth of anti-Western Islamic trends is an important part of these developments. Islam plays a central role in Saudi society. The religions two most sacred sitesMecca and Medinaare located in Saudi Arabia. Since its formation in 1932, the Saudi regime has been based on an alliance between the royal al-Saud family and the clergy, which practices Wahhabism, a puritanical strain of Sunni Islam. Wahhabism is Saudi Arabias official religion and the foundation of its social mores. The royal familys legitimacy rests largely on its claim to be the defender of the faith and guardian of Islams most holy sites.
Until recent years, the centrality of reactionary, conservative Islam and the kingdoms prominence in the Muslim world had been a source of stability for Saudi Arabias rulers. It also made Saudi Arabia very useful in intrigues against the U.S.s former superpower rival, the Soviet Union, and in undermining and attacking secular revolutionary and nationalist forces in the Middle East.
But in some important ways, things have turned into their opposite. Saudi Arabias role in the 10-year war against Soviet troops in Afghanistan is a case in point. During the 1980s, Saudi Arabia organized and recruited many of the reactionary Islamic groups who fought in Afghanistan. The Saudis and the U.S. spent $500 million a year funding this war.
The Soviets were driven from Afghanistan and handed a major defeat. However, the war also brought together, armed, trained, and strengthened anti-Western Islamist forces across the region. Among them was Osama bin Laden, who came from a wealthy Saudi family closely connected to the Saudi royal family. The defeat of the Soviets emboldened these fundamentalist forces. But at the same time, they found they were no longer needed by the U.S. Events soon led to bin Ladens transformation from a CIA asset to a U.S. enemy.
When Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, bin Laden offered to organize new groups of Islamic fighters against Saddam Husseins secular regime. This bitter animosity between bin Laden and Hussein is ignored by U.S. officials, who instead have continually tried to claim some Iraq/al-Qaida link to justify another war against Saddam.
Bin Laden and his followers were shocked and outraged when the U.S. and the Saudis rejected their offer to fight Iraq. Their anger grew when 500,000 U.S. and allied troops were deployed on Saudi soil. They saw this as infidels defiling holy territory.
Bin Laden and other Islamic fundamentalists felt that the U.S. now sought to dominate Muslim lands. They accused the Saudi royal family of complicity in the transgressions committed by the U.S. troops on Saudi soil. They turned their jihad on the U.S. and its allies, including the Saudi royalty.
Some prominent Saudi clerics also began to speak out against the U.S., and they found an appreciative audience. A few religious figures even argued that the royal family had lost its legitimacy. The Saudi security servicesincluding the Saudi Arabian National Guard (SANG), which was trained, organized, and equipped by the Pentagoncracked down hard. Hundreds of Islamist activists were arrested. In 1994 the Saudi regime kicked bin Laden out of the country and stripped him of his citizenship.
But anti-U.S. sentiments have only deepened. Eric Rouleau, writing in the July/August 2002 issue of Foreign Affairs, notes, Despite official denials, the U.S. troops, who have been in Saudi Arabia ever since the Persian Gulf war, are highly unpopular...many Saudis complain that they consider it a form of occupationat best humiliating...at worst intolerable.... The U.S. presence undermines the governments legitimacy as well.
Sympathy for bin Laden apparently extends to some members of the Saudi upper classes. In his book The Taliban, Ahmed Rashid writes, Osama Bin Ladens critique of the corruption and mismanagement of the [Saudi] regime is not falling upon deaf ears amongst the Saudi population. Rashid also reports that Saudi officials did not want bin Laden falling into U.S. hands in 1998 because he could expose the deep relationship that bin Laden continued to have with sympathetic members of the Royal Family and elements of Saudi intelligence, which could prove deeply embarrassing.
The escalation of Israeli atrocities against Palestinians and the launching of the second Palestinian intifada in September 2000 further stoked the anger against the Saudi royalty and their U.S. backers. Rouleau argues: The deterioration of the Arab-Israeli situation has started to threaten the very stability of the Saudi state in a way many Westerners, particularly Americans, had not anticipated. In particular, outsiders have underestimated the anger roused in the Saudi population by the suffering of the Palestinian peopleand the fact that this suffering is blamed less on Israel than on its American protector. Given the privileged nature of relations between Washington and Riyadh, this anger has also started to focus on the House of Saud itself.
Rouleau contends that bin Laden remains widely popular in Saudi Arabia todaynot for his crimes, but because of the populations reflective anti-Americanism.
Economic Strains and Repression
These developments are taking place against a backdrop of extreme repression and growing economic difficulties in Saudi Arabia which are adding to rising discontent against the ruling order.
The extended royal family has dictatorial power over the countrys government, politics, and economy. Saudi society is extremely stifling, public protest is rare, and political liberty is basically nonexistent. The judicial system has been described as one of the most secretive and oppressive in the world.
The list of discriminatory laws against women is endless: women cant open bank accounts, purchase property, work, or travel without the express approval of their guardians. Women arent allowed to drive or leave their homes unless theyre veiled and accompanied by a male family member.
Foreign workers, who make up about a fourth of the population, labor under extremely oppressive conditions, have few if any legal rights, and are typically confined to the worst jobs. Followers of the Shiite branch of Islam, some 10 percent of the Saudi population, face intense discrimination. Stagnating oil revenues, huge outlays for U.S.-sponsored wars, and soaring population growth have combined to cause a staggering reduction in the average income per person, from $28,600 in 1981 (roughly the same as the U.S. at that time) to $6,800 last year.
Saudi Arabias infrastructure is crumbling. Saudis have invested between $700 billion and $1 trillion abroad, mostly in the U.S. This recycling of oil revenues, or petrodollars, is vital for the running of the world imperialist financial system. The result, Rouleau notes, is that there is not enough money for local investment.
It is growing clearer to millions that the U.S. is determined to wage a bloody and unjust war on Iraq. They aim to overthrow the Hussein regime and install a pro-U.S. governmentrun by an Iraqi puppet or directly by the U.S. military. (This would put the U.S. in direct control of the worlds second largest oil reserves.)
A recent report in Oil and Gas International (October 30) noted that plans are already developing for drastically reorganizing the business relationship of a post-war Iraq: The Bush administration wants to have a working group of 12 to 20 people focused on Iraqi oil and gas to be able to recommend to an interim government ways of restoring the petroleum sector following a military attack in order to increase oil exports to partially pay for a possible U.S. military occupation government.... According to the source, the working group will not only prepare recommendations for the rehabilitation of the Iraqi petroleum sector post-Hussein, but will address questions regarding the countrys continued membership in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and whether it should be allowed to produce as much as possible or be limited by an OPEC quota, and it will consider whether to honor contracts made between the Hussein government and foreign oil companies, including the $3.5 billion project to be carried out by Russian interests to redevelop Iraqs oilfields.
Iraq is only the beginning. The Boston Globe (9/10/02) reports: As the Bush administration debates going to war against Iraq, its most hawkish members are pushing a sweeping vision for the Middle East that sees the overthrow of President Saddam Hussein of Iraq as merely a first step in the regions transformations.... After an ouster of Hussein, they say, the United States will have more leverage to act against Syria and Iran, will be in a better position to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and will be able to rely less on Saudi oil.
Various ex-officials and ruling-class experts warn that waging war on Iraq and implementing such sweeping transformations could trigger mass upheaval and destabilize U.S. allies like Saudi Arabia. But the Bush team is pushing ahead in the face of such warnings.
It is not that theyre unaware of the potential dangers. They are well aware of them and they are trying to refine and sequence their horrendous project so that they neither lose post-September 11 political momentum, nor allow events to escape their control. A Washington Monthly article gave a glimpse into the dominant imperialist mindset these days. The author asked one proponent of war on Iraq whether wobbly or upended regimes in Egypt and Saudi Arabia were worth the price of removing Saddam.
The war proponent responded, All the better if you ask me. The author concluded, These neoconservatives are not just being glib. They see toppling Saddam as the first domino to fall, with other corrupt Middle Eastern regimes following (Joshua Marshall, Bomb Saddam, June 2002).
The Rand Corporations Pentagon briefing echoed this theme: It called Iraq the tactical pivot, Saudi Arabia the strategic pivot, and Egypt the prize. In their view, the entire region should be reconfigured to U.S. specifications.
War on Iraq is also intended to undercut the regional maneuvers of other imperialist powers, such as Russia, Germany, and France, and to force them to be subordinate to U.S. dictates.
U.S. rulers hope their war on Iraq will intimidate the civilians throughout the regionespecially the Palestinians, who face escalating savagery of the Israeli military, backed with billions of dollars in U.S. aid. There is open discussion within Israeli and U.S. ruling circles of massive transferthe ethnic cleansing of historic Palestine. (Defense Secretary Rumsfeld has called Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Gaza legitimate Israeli spoils of war; Dick Armey, the Republican Majority Leader in the House, has spoken in favor of expelling Palestinians to Jordan.)
Rather than negotiate a resolution of this struggle, powerful forces in the U.S. favor cutting this knot, too, through war. The Wall Street Journal argued in a March 29 editorial that a U.S. defeat of Iraq would demoralize the Palestinian people and force them to accept whatever deal the U.S. imposed on them: The path to a calmer Mideast now lies not through Jerusalem but through Baghdad, the Journal editorialized on March 29. A week later they added, Only a seismic political change in the Middle East will show the Palestinians that they must come to terms with Israels right to exist. A democratic pro-western Iraq will do more for peace in Palestine than 100 trips by Colin Powell.
In the view of the war party, defeating and stabilizing Iraq would give the U.S. more freedom to push its client regimes in the region to clamp down harder on anti-U.S. political forces.
The Rand briefing recommended that the U.S. demand that Saudi Arabia stop all anti-U.S., anti-Israel, and anti- western rhetoric in the region; dismantle and ban the kingdoms Islamic charities and confiscate their assets; and prosecute those involved in terrorism. If Saudi Arabia does not comply, the briefing warned, the U.S. should target Saudi oil fields, Saudi assets in the U.S., and holy places in Saudi Arabia.
Another goal is to more thoroughly integrate the Middle East into the U.S.-dominated global economy. Saudi Arabia has come under criticism for putting roadblocks in the way of global capitalsuch as limiting foreign ownership and forbidding the charging of interest. If Saudi Arabia is going to survive, the U.S. warns, it has to modernize, open its economy to the forces of globalization, and train its elite to operate in the world capitalist market.
It is unclear just how far and how fast the U.S. will go to revamp its alliance with Saudi Arabia or force changes within Saudi society. But any U.S. attempt to modernize the kingdom would probably entail reducing the role of traditional Islam and the clergy and increasing the foreign presence there. Such actions could further weaken key pillars of al Saud rule and lead to greater instability. How would the U.S. respond then? What would the fallout be among the worlds billion-plus Muslims, if the U.S. occupied or dismembered Saudi Arabiathe geographic and historic center of Islam?
Bush I bragged that the Desert Storm slaughter would usher in a new world order of unquestioned U.S. dominance. But things didnt turn out as planned. For one, the Hussein regime survived. For another, the war opened up deep fissures within one of the U.S.s most important and reliable clientsSaudi Arabia.
The U.S.s new, more arrogant, and more brutal plans will undoubtedly leave the Middle East awash in even greater human suffering. But they may also backfire in unforseen ways. That may create openings for the people and turn the imperialists diabolical ambitions into their worst nightmares.
Larry Everest is a correspondent for the Revolutionary Worker newspaper and author of Oil, Power & Empire: Iraq and the U.S. Global Agenda (Common Courage Press). Leonard Innes is part of a Revolutionary Work- er newspaper writing group.
Z Magazine Archive
AnnouncementsLABOR - May 1 is May Day. Workers of the world will celebrate the 124th anniversary of International Worker’s Day. Born out of a call for an 8-hour workday in the United States, this day is an opportunity for all workers to show their solidarity with one another, as well as to renew the call for labor rights.
FARM CONFERENCE - The Farm Conference on Community and Sustainability will be held May 24-26 in Summertown, TN, in partnership with the Fellowship of Intentional Communities. Tour green homes, see sustainable food production, learn about solar installations, alternative education, midwifery, and more.
Contact: Douglas@thefarmcommunity.com; http://www.thefarmcommunity.com/.
PALESTINE - The Conference of the Palestinian Shatat in North American will be held June 3-5 in Vancouver. The conference will examine the future of the Palestinian liberation movement.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.palestinianconference.org/.
LABOR - The Pacific Northwest Labor History Association’s 45th annual conference will be held May 3-5, in Portland, OR. This year’s theme is Labor Under Attack: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future. A call for presentations, workshops and papers is currently underway.
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MARIJUANA - On the first Saturday of May marijuana legalization activists will hold informational and educational events, rallies and marches in over 300 cities around the world.
ECONOMICS - The Union For Radical Political Economics will hold its 39th annual conference May 9-11 in New York City.
RECLAIM THE DREAM - The 2013 Poor People’s Campaign & March from Baltimore to Washington D.C. will be May 11. Communities, schools and unions interested in participating are encouraged to contact the Baltimore People’s Assembly.
Contact: 410-500-2168; 410-218-4835; BaltimorePeoplesAssembly@gmail.com; Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Baltimore and the Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, 2011 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
MOTHER’S DAY - The 17th Annual Mother’s Day Walk For Peace will be May 12th, in Dorchester, MA. The walk began in 1996 for families who had lost children to violence. The day has become a way for thousands of people to financially support the work of the Louis Brown Peace Institute.
Contact: http://www.ldbpeaceinstitute.org/; http://mothersdaywalk4peace.org/.
NATO 5 - An International Week of Solidarity with the NATO 5 has been called for May 16-21. Supports call on supporters to raise awareness of the NATO 5 and support funds for the defendants on the one-year anniversary of their preemptive arrests.
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MOUNTAINTOP - The 2013 Mountain Justice Summer Activist Training Camp will be held May 19-27 in Damascus, VA. It will be a week of workshops, field trips to view Mountain Top Removal coal mines, direct actions, and service project.
FEMINIST SCI-FI - The feminist science fiction convention WisCon 37 is scheduled for May 24-27 in Madison, WI.
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ANARCHY FEST - A month-long Festival of Anarchy is scheduled for May in Montreal. The festival includes The Montreal Anarchist Bookfair (May 19-20).
Contact: http://www.anarchistbookfair.ca/; http://www.radicalmontreal.com/.
LABOR - The International Labor Rights Forum will present: Down the Supply Chain, Driving Corporate Accountability, on May 22 in Washington, DC. The Labor Rights Awards Ceremony and Reception will honor pioneers in supply chain worker organizing, working solidarity and international labor rights policy.
MULTICULTURE - The 26th annual National Conference on Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE) will take place May 28-June 1, in New Orleans.
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MEDIA - The 2013 Alliance for Community Media Annual Conference will be held May 29-31, in San Francisco, CA. Participants will include educators, community leaders, media professionals, journalists, nonprofit leaders, policymakers and students.
RADIO - The 38th Annual Community Radio Conference is schedule for May 29-June 1, in San Francisco, CA, with discussions and workshops.
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BRADLEY MANNING - On June 1, a rally will be held at Fort Meade in support of Bradley Manning.
BIKES - Bikes Not Bombs is holding its 24th annual Bike-A-Thon and Green Roots Festival in Boston, MA on June 3, with several bike rides scheduled, music, exhibitors and more.
Contact: Bikes Not Bombs, 284 Amory St., Jamaica Plain, MA 02130; 617-522-0222; email@example.com; www.bikesnotbombs.org.
LEFT FORUM - The 2013 Left Forum will be held June 7-9, at Pace University in New York City.
Contact: 365 Fifth Avenue, CUNY Graduated Center, ? Sociology Dept., New York, NY 10016; http://www.leftforum.org/.
VEGAN FEST - Mad City Vegan Fest will be held in Madison, WI, June 8. The annual event features food, speakers, and exhibitors.
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ADC CONFERENCE - The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) holds its annual conference June 13-16, in Washington, DC, with panel discussions and workshops on civil rights, media and other topics.
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CUBA/SOCIALISM - A Cuban-North American Dialog on Socialist Renewal and Global Capitalist Crisis will be held in Havana, Cuba, June 16-30. There will be a 5 day Seminar at University of Havana, plus visits to a cooperative, urban garden, community development project, social research centers, and educational & medical institutions.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.globaljusticecenter.org/.
NETROOTS - The 8th Annual Netroots Nation conference will take place June 20-23 in San Jose, CA. The event features panels, trainings, networking, screenings, and keynotes.
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MEDIA - The 15th annual Allied Media Conference will be held June 20-23, in Detroit.
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GRASSROOTS - The United We Stand Festival will be hosted by Free & Equal, June 22 in Little Rock, Arkansas. The festival aims to reform the electoral process throughout the U.S.
SOCIALISM - The Socialism 2013 Conference is scheduled for June 27-30 in Chicago, featuring talks and panel discussions.
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LITERACY - The National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) will hold its conference July 12-13 in Los Angeles under the heading, Intersections: Teaching and Learning Across Media.
Contact: 10 Laurel Hill Drive, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003; http://namle.net/conference/.
IWW - The North American Work People’s College will take place July 12-16 at Mesaba Co-op Park in northern Minnesota. The event will bring together Wobblies from branches across the continent to learn new skills and build One Big Union.
PEACESTOCK - On July 13th, the 11th Annual Peacestock: A Gathering for Peace, will take place at Windbeam Farm in Hager City, WI. The event is a mixture of music, speakers and community for peace. Sponsored by Veterans for Peace.
Contact: Bill Habedank, 1913 Grandview Ave., Red Wing, MN 55066; 651-388-7733; email@example.com; http://www.peacestockvfp.org.
CHILDREN’S DEFENSE - July 15-19, join clergy, seminarians, Christian educators, young adult leaders and other faith-based advocates for children at CDF Haley Farm in Clinton, Tennessee, for five days of spiritual renewal, networking, movement building workshops, and continuing education about the urgent needs of children at the 19th annual Proctor Institute for Child Advocacy Ministry.
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ACTIVIST CAMP - Youth Empowered Action (YEA) Camp will have sessions in July and August in Ben Lomond, CA; Portland, OR; Charlton, MA. YEA Camp is designed for activists 12-17 years old who want to make a difference in the world.
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LA RAZA - The annual National Council of La Raza (NCLR) Conference is scheduled for July 18-19 in New Orleans, with workshops, presentations and panel discussions.
Contact: NCLR Headquarters Office, Raul Yzaguirre Building, 1126 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036; 202-785-1670; www.nclr.org.
LABOR - The Eastern Conference For Workplace Democracy: Growing Our Cooperatives, Growing Our Communities, will be held at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA, July 26-28.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://east.usworker.coop/.
WOMEN/LYNNE STEWART- Radical Women is asking for support letters and cards to be sent to Lynne Stewart. Stewart is a civil rights attorney and political prisoner who is currently in jail. She has breast cancer and authorities have denied her request for transfer from her Texas prison to the New York City hospital where she received medical attention during a prior bout of breast cancer. Send messages and cards to: Lynne Stewart 53504-054, Federal Medical Center Carswell, P.O. Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX 76127.
Contact: 747 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109; 415-864-1278; RadicalWomenUS@gmail.com; http://lynnestewart.org/; http://www.radicalwomen.org/.
HAITI/WOMEN - Haiti’s government is considering a legal reform measure that would prohibit and punish all sexual assault, including marital rape. MADRE and the International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict are launching a petition to raise international support for this push to address violence against women in Haiti.
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SYRIA/MIDDLE EAST - The Middle East Children’s Alliance (MECA) is currently seeking funds to assist more than 200,000 refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
FOLK FESTIVAL - The Falcon Ridge Folk Festival will be held August 2-4, in the Berkshires, NY.
Contact: http://www.falconridgefolk.com/; firstname.lastname@example.org.
WAR RESISTERS - The War Resisters League will hold its 90th anniversary conference, Revolutionary Nonviolence: Building Bridges Across Generations and Communities, August 1-4, at Georgetown University. The event will focus on the U.S.’ long history of antimilitarism.
Contact: 339 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012; 212-228-0450; email@example.com; http://www.warresisters.org.
POPULAR ECONOMICS - The Center for Popular Economics is holding its 2013 Summer Institute August 4-9 at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. No background in economics is needed for this intensive training. This year’s theme is, The Care Economy: Building a Just Economy with a Heart.
Contact: Center for Popular Economics, PO Box 785 Amherst, MA 01004; 413-545-0743; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.populareconomics.org.
VETERANS - Veterans for Peace is holding the 28th annual convention August 6-11 in Madison, WI. This year’s theme is, Power To The Peaceful.
DEMOCRACY - The Democracy Convention will take place August 7-11 in Madison, WI. The convention brings together nine conferences including topics such as media, education, defense, race, environment and others.
MEN - The 38th National Conference on Men & Masculinity: Forging Justice: Creating Safe, Equal and Accountable Communities, presented in partnership with HAVEN, will be held in Detroit, MI, August 8-10.
Contact: email@example.com; http://www.nomas.org/.
OCCUPY - An Occupy National Gathering will be held in Kalamazoo, MI, August 21-25.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; http://occupynationalgathering.net/.
COMMUNITIES - The Communities Conference is a networking and learning opportunity for co-operative or communal lifestyles, with workshops, events and entertainment; scheduled for August 30-September 2 at the Twin Oaks Community in Louisa, Virginia.
LABOR DAY - The 29th annual Bread and Roses Festival, a celebration of the ethnic diversity and labor history of Lawrence, MA, will be held September 2, in honor of the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike. There will be music, dance, poetry, drama, ethnic food, historical demonstrations, walking & trolley tours.
Contact: PO Box 1137, Lawrence, MA 01842; 978-794-1655; http://www.breadandrosesheritage.org/.
OCCUPY WALL STREET - September 17 is the two-year anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement. Events are planned in New York City and worldwide.
TEACHERS - The 13th Annual Conference, “Teaching for Social Justice: The Politics of Pedagogy,” will be held October 12 in San Francisco, CA. The free event features workshops, resources, and free childcare.
Contact: 415-676-7844; email@example.com; http://www.t4sj.org/.
HAITI - International Action, which brings clean water and chlorinators to Haiti, seeks office space capable of housing up to six people and their office equipment.
Contact: Zach Bremer, Zbrehmer@haitiwater.org; 202-488-0735; http://www.haitiwater.org/.
MEDIA - The Union for Democratic Communications and Project Censored are sponsoring a joint conference on media democracy, media activism and social justice to be held November 1-3 at the University of San Francisco. Proposals for presentations, workshops and panels from activists and critical scholars are invited.