Why We Need A People’s History of Sports
There are those who insist that sports and politics don’t belong in the same sentence, the same zip code, or the same universe.
They mouth platitudes about how these two worlds must be hermetically sealed from one another, lest the dirty world of politics infect the sanctity of the playing field. Before the 2008 Olympics, International Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge said that "political factors" must be kept away from
This is rank stupidity and stunning hypocricy. It’s a lie. People can say all they want that sports and politics have nothing to do with one another, but as the saying goes, “you don’t have to believe in gravity to fall out of an airplane.”
So much discussion of sports, both its past and present, is about sanding off, beautifying, or simply obliterating anything that might be seen as political.
Here is how sports history usually goes:
You have a hero - usually acting like the love child of John Wayne and Sarah Palin - with obstacles in their path. But all those obstacles are overcome with a good dose of true grit.
Whehter the autobiography of Cal Ripken or Dennis Rodman, one problem with sports history: it is hyper individualistic and completely absent of context. In other words it’s told a lot like history.
The other problem with sports history is that much of it is based on lies.
Once again, this is a lot like history. You could call it “Lies my Gym Teacher
Let’s take baseball. The Baseball Hall of Fame is located in beautiful All-American Cooperstown
There are some problems with this however. Three in fact.
The first is that the game wasn’t invented in
The second is that Abner Doubleday never set foot in
The third is the tiny fact that Abner Doubleday didn’t invent baseball.
In fact the good general didn’t know a baseball from an iPhone.
This Doubleday myth was created in 1895 by millionaire baseball owner Albert Spalding of Spalding sporting goods.
Spalding chose Cooperstown as the game’s birthplace because of its small town postcard beauty, which seemed like a better fit than the actual birthplace of baseball,
And why did Spalding tell us that General Doubleday as the game’s inventor? It played to the man’s political goals: to merge baseball with the All American virtues of patriotism and war.
As Albert Spalding announced his discovery that Doubleday was the great creator, he said:
“Baseball, I repeat, is war! And the playing of the game is a battle in which every contestant is a commanding general, wh ohaving gained an advantage, must hold it by every resource of his mind and muscle.”
Because of people like Albert Spalding, we don’t have a people’s history of sports. We have instead a bosses’ history of sports based on bluster and lies.
The real story of how the beauty of play developed into a trillion dollar business can only be understood by looking at the profound economic changes that took place as this country transitioned from a farming society, to the military and economic colossus it is today.
When this country was discovered, or conquered as the case may be, sports were considered a sin, the devil’s work, and blasphemy against God and Church. Then as the country developed and sports became something to both sell to people as entertainment, and socialize working class immigrants to see
I wrote A People’s History of Sports in the
[Dave Zirin is the author of “A People’s History of Sports in the