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Freeh’s Blind Mice: A Critical Look at “Tolerance Training,” FBI Style


Tim Wise

That

I’m no Biblical scholar is an understatement of monumental proportions. And yet,

recently I found myself–for reasons I’ll explain shortly–thinking of the

following verse from the book of Matthew, if memory serves:

Why

behold the mote in thy brother’s eye, but consider not the beam in thine own

eye?

Arcane

language aside, let it suffice to say this verse has something to do with what

we’d now refer to as the "pot calling the kettle black."

Upon

reading the headline of my local paper a few weeks ago, I couldn’t help but

think of these pots, and kettles, and motes, and beams. For there, in black and

white was the following:

"Police

role in the Holocaust added to FBI Agent’s training."

According

to the article, FBI Director Louis Freeh has implemented new training for Bureau

recruits, to "teach of the failure of law enforcement to protect citizen’s

rights," in Nazi Germany. According to Freeh, the course will demonstrate

the evil of law enforcement when it "abandons its mission to protect

people," and becomes "an engine of repression."

Applauded

by the Anti-Defamation League, the new training takes recruits on a guided tour

of the Holocaust Museum and then asks them to write essays on the relevance of

the training to their work. One recruit who went through the process explained

it had made clear his duty to "preserve human life and protect the civil

rights of every man, woman and child."

How

nice. Presumably if Hitler ever comes back, this recruit will make sure to stand

tall against the impending threat of German fascism, since apparently, that’s

the only kind worth fretting over, and the only kind capable of teaching the

lesson intended here. The pot calling the kettle black, indeed.

One

hardly need travel thousands of miles away and a half-century back in time to

demonstrate the complicity of law enforcement with repression. Frankly, new FBI

recruits would do better to learn about the nefarious history of their own

employer, which provides more than enough examples of the same phenomena Freeh

seeks to demonstrate.

The

new training spends a great deal of time discussing the passivity of German law

enforcement in the face of growing repression under the Third Reich. But we

needn’t look to Hitler’s regime for that lesson.

After

all, FBI agents were notorious for standing around, watching, and doing nothing

while civil rights workers and freedom riders were beaten by racists throughout

the South in the 1960’s.

Just

ask Howard Zinn: he’ll tell you how FBI agents looked him in the eye and

insisted they had no power to do anything, even as Selma, Alabama police below

the Bureau’s own window, dragged, beat, and shocked with stun guns those seeking

to register black voters.

Or

how, in 1964, J. Edgar Hoover waited 37 hours after the disappearance of three

other civil rights workers in Philadelphia, Mississippi before finally beginning

a pathetically weak investigation.

Or

how FBI operative, Gary Rowe, rode along with the assassins of Viola Liuzzo,

after the Selma to Montgomery march, knowing they planned to kill someone, and

yet, did nothing.

And

as for the new training’s discussion of how law enforcement sometimes takes an

active role in repression, here too it’s hardly necessary to study German

history.

As

noted in Michael Linfield’s book, Freedom Under Fire, by the late 1920’s, the

FBI had already compiled an "enemies list" of nearly half-a-million

suspected "subversives," and in 1936, even as Hitler was consolidating

his power, President Roosevelt authorized the Bureau to spy on organizations

considered "dangerous." Four years later, FDR would authorize massive

wiretapping by the Bureau, increasing the number of "anti-subversive"

investigations to nearly 70,000 annually. From 1947-1952, the FBI conducted

roughly 6.6 million "security investigations" of U.S. citizens: about

3000 such actions every day.

And

for involvement with direct repression, you can’t get much better than the 2,300

or so FBI COINTELPRO operations to "disrupt and neutralize" targeted

groups and individuals from the mid-’50-‘s to 1971. According to declassified

documents and a Senate Committee investigation (about which I doubt FBI recruits

are informed), the Bureau actively attempted to discredit and destroy the civil

rights movement, the antiwar movement, and dozens of organizations dedicated to

Black, Latino, and Indigenous liberation.

Martin

Luther King Jr. may be a revered icon today, but from the early 1960’s until his

death, the Bureau marked him for political (if not literal) destruction by

wiretapping his phones (with the approval of Attorney General and liberal hero

Bobby Kennedy), as well as spreading rumors about marital infidelity and sending

him letters encouraging him to commit suicide. A month before his assassination,

Hoover wrote that there was a need to "pinpoint potential

troublemakers" in the black movement, "and neutralize them."

William Sullivan–the agent in charge of the anti-King operation–told the

Senate, "No holds were barred. We’ve used similar techniques against Soviet

agents. We did not differentiate. This is a rough business."

One

suspects the new FBI recruits are too busy learning about the suppression of the

Warsaw Ghetto uprising to be told that the agency they’ve joined conspired with

Chicago police in 1969 to assassinate Black Panther Party leader Fred Hampton,

by providing them with detailed floor plans of Hampton’s apartment prior to a

raid they knew the police were planning to launch. Or that the Bureau

collaborated with other police departments in killing nearly thirty Panthers in

the late ’60’s and early 1970’s.

One

imagines the new FBI recruits writing heartfelt essays about the horrors of

Kristallnacht, while studiously ignoring their employer’s admitted role in

fomenting the factional dispute within the Nation of Islam that led to the

assassination of Malcolm X, or their all-out war on the American Indian Movement

that led to the murder of over seventy residents of Pine Ridge Reservation in

South Dakota.

I

can only guess that these FBI recruits will emerge from their Holocaust training

with a newfound revulsion for the support given racism and Nazism by German

police, but with no knowledge of their own agency’s financial support of a group

of white supremacists from California who attacked Chicano activists and tried

to murder anti-war activist Peter Bohmer in 1972.

Figuring

that most of the new recruits probably grew up in the Reagan ’80’s, they should

perhaps know–but I’m sure won’t be told–that even after COINTELPRO, the FBI

continued spying on domestic organizations. Early in his administration,

President Reagan–himself a former FBI informant against fellow actors–issued

Executive Order 12333, allowing the FBI to wiretap without a warrant and engage

in undercover operations against organizations opposed to his Central America

policies.

One

of the FBI’s key infiltrators in this period, Frank Varelli, has said the FBI

paid him to destroy the Dallas chapter of the Committee in Solidarity With the

People of El Salvador (CISPES) by burglarizing member homes, recruiting thugs to

start fights at CISPES rallies, and even seducing an activist nun so as to

procure blackmail photos for use against the group. The FBI encouraged him to

plant guns on CISPES members, and Varelli regularly passed information on U.S.

and Central American-based activists to the Salvadoran National Guard: the

entity in control of that nation’s vicious death squads, responsible for the

deaths of tens of thousands of Salvadorans.

And

I would imagine Freeh’s new foot soldiers will now be aware of the diabolical

experiments conducted on twins by Joseph Mengele, but know nothing about the

program operated by the FBI’s sister agency, the CIA, called MK ULTRA, whereby

unsuspecting residents of the San Francisco Bay area were intentionally exposed

to a whooping cough virus, and unwitting hospital patients were subjected to

chemical experiments using hallucinogenic drugs.

And

while we’re on the subject of Nazis, one can only wonder if the Holocaust Museum

will mention that after World War Two, U.S. intelligence agencies helped over

5,000 Nazi scientists and doctors find refuge in the states, including many who

had been directly involved in mass atrocities. Somehow, I doubt it.

That

the Anti-Defamation League is giddy about the new training ought to be enough

evidence that there is something wrong with it: after all, it was this group’s

San Francisco area affiliates who were exposed in the early ’90’s as having

spied on, and passed information to the FBI about, assorted Central American

peace and justice activists, as well as anti-apartheid activists and those

supporting Palestinian rights and liberation. Birds of a feather, are, in this

instance, flocking very closely together.

Let

this serve as yet another exhibit item, to be filed away under "passing the

buck," 101: yet further proof that we are more than comfortable discussing

the crimes of others, but still unwilling to peek under the hood of our own

engines of repression. The one thing the FBI’s new attempt at "tolerance

training" apparently can’t tolerate, is the truth that hits a bit too close

to home.

Tim

Wise is a Nashville-based activist and educator. He can be reached at tjwise@mindspring.com

 

 

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